Learn Astrology
 
PLANETARY INFLUENCES
ON HUMAN AFFAIRS
(Revised and enlarged edition of the book previously published as
'Astrology and Modem Thought")
BANGALORE VENKATA RAMAN
Editor: THE ASTROLOGICAL MAGAZINE
 
CONTENTS
CHAPTER PAGE
Preface to the First Edition vii
Preface to the Twelfth Edition ix
I Introductory 1
II Astrology and Karma 23
III What is Astrology? 43
IV Planets and Man 54
V Astrology and Superstition 84
VI Statistical Proof 100
VII Astrology and History 119
VIII Futility of Fatalistic Doctrine 140
IX Can Astrology Predict Earthquakes? 157
X Astrology and Weather Forecasting 172
XI Astrology as an Aid to Medical Science 192
XII Astrology vs. Futurology 210
Appendix 225
 
PREFACE TO FIRST EDITION
In this book I have tried to present a case for astrology, and to refute the charge that a
beliefinastrologyimpliesabeliefinfatalismwhichinitsturnparalyseshumanendeavorand
retardshumanprogress.FateandFreewillarerelativeterms.Sciencecannotleavethingsin
nature to blind chance and so-called necessity.
There is a good deal of misunderstanding and wrong notions about astrology, Karma etc.,
due partly to ignorance, partly to indifference and mainly to preconceived opinions.
The philosophy of astrology has as its strongest weapon relativity, and is based on the
truththatetherealvibrations extendfromthe Suntothegreatplanetsandfromplanettoplanet.
All space is a network of interacting forces.
I have tried to prove that the concept of Karma Theory is not a wishful imagination but a
product of daring thinking based upon cause-effect relationship so clearly discernible in physical
phenomena. Bertrand Russell, Jung, Plank, Heisenberg, Bohr and Eddington have all been
quoted to show that Modern Thought has been approaching the fringe of Reality realized by the
Maharshis of Indiathousandsofyearsago.Infact,I havetriedto link uptraditionalphilosophy
withmodernscientificthought.Thenewconceptsaboutspace,time,matterandtheuniverse
haveafterallrevealedthatastrologymarkstherelationshipbetweenman'sconsciousegoand
what we call Nature.
No'scientificauthority'acceptsthesuggestionthattheproperwayofdealingwiththe
problemsofastrologyisnottotheorizeaboutandcondemnthembuttoinvestigatethembythe
aidofwell-attestedfacts.Suchanideaseemstobequiteforeigntothehabitsofthoughtofour
scientificopponents. AsDr.RichardGarnettewrote,"thestudyoffactsandtheobservationof
nature must always be stronger than any abstract reasoning; and the investigation of the
argumentsbroughtagainstastrologywilldistloseagreatreluctanceonthepartoftheobjector
"to resort to the testimony of facts, and a thoroughly unscientific habit of mind."
If I have succeeded in stimulating modern thinkers to take a more positive interest in the
investigation of astrological truths, my labors will have been amply rewarded.
Bangalore 5-12-1946
B. V. RAMAN
 
PREFACE TO TWELFTH EDITION
PLANETARYINFLUENCESONHUMANAFFAIRSincorporatesmaterialbasedon
investigations into cosmic-terrestrial relations that are being carried on by several men of science
with whom I had the good fortune of personal discussion during my visits to Europe and
America.
ChaptersdealingwiththerelationofAstrologytomedicine,weatherforecasting,and
predictingearthquakeshavebeenadded.Thelastchapter"AstrologyvsFuturology"adoptsa
challenging tone questioning the scare-mongering forecasts of the "Futurologists" and assuring
thepublic,onthebasisofancientHinduastronomicalandastrologicalconcepts,thattheworld
will not be destroyed for millions of years to come.
Experimental evidence presented in these pages cannot fail to impress even those
orthodox scientists who continue to believe that a branch of knowledge to be valid should fit into
the framework of known laws of science, and not otherwise.
Scientificlawswhichourtext-bookshavetaughtustolookuponaseternaltruthshave
collapsedlikeapackofcardsandnewonesstilllacktheauthoritythattheirpredecessors
enjoyed.Scientistshavealsogrownalittlemorecircumspectandnolongerproclaimgeneral
laws with the facility of their 19th century predecessors. Because of these developments, some of
thescientistsintheWesthavebeguntoviewAstrologywithlessskepticismandmore
seriousness.
In Carl Jung's opinion, "Western civilization, by ignoring Astrology, gains little and may
be losing much" by what he calls "the contemptible treatment and defamation of an ancient art
which defieda reasonableexplanation"and, "after200 yearsofintensive scientificprogress,we
can risk testing them in the light of modern truths."
ThisbookexplorescertainconceptscherishedbygenerationsofthinkersinIndiathat
vicissitudestakingplaceinanypartoftheheavensmusthavetheirrepercussionsonhuman
affairs because man is a part and parcel of the universe.
Thanksaredueto UBSPublishers'DistributorsLtd.,NewDelhi,forhavingbroughtout
this new edition attractively.
Dr. B.V. Raman
"Sri Rajeswari" Bangalore-560 020 1st February, 1992
 
I
INTRODUCTORY
It hasbeen customary to assertthatuntil thecoming ofmodernscience, manwasloaded
downwithsuperstition.Itisfartooeasyforsomeoftheso-callededucatedpersonstodismiss
certain fields of knowledge as astrology as unscientific because of ignorance. Astrology has been
revealing, and this is amply borne out by researches of scientists in the West, a set of rational
hypothesischallengingsomeoftheorthodoxscientificbeliefswiththeirmaterialisticand
deterministic tenets.
How did the astrological laws come into being? Upon what kind of postulates were they
based? Was astrologyan obstacle toprogressor wasitthereverse? Thesequestions canonlybe
answered by a meticulous analysis of the philosophy of the complex culture which fashioned the
thinking of the sages who brought astrology into being with the other branches of knowledge.
Thesagesviewedastrologyasaquestforverifiableknowledge.Theywerenotprimitivemen
merelyconsciousofthelureoftheheavenlybodiesassomeofthemoderneducated
ignoramuses think. The greatest superstition of today is the thinking that until the age of Galileo
or Newton,man wasignorant. This fictitiousbeliefhas beensystematicallyspun by a sectionof
the Western thinkers and assiduously contrived by some of their Indian counterparts. Before
Darwin,therewasaKanadainIndia;BeforeNewton,therewasaBhaskara;andbeforeany
other physicist or biologist worth his name came on the scene, there were sages like Parasara and
scientistslikeVarahamihirawhowerecreativeinnovatorsandwhorecognizedthesimplebut
profound truth that man and the universe were not unrelated. The strivings of these sages are our
heritage and they found the way by means of which we can unlock the door of Time.
InIndia,astrologyhadalwaysoccupiedauniqueplaceandfoundillustrioussupporters
untilperhapstheadventandconsolidationoftheBritishpowerwhenforatimeskepticismand
derisionwerethepredominantfeatures,characterizingtheintellectualequipmentofthethen
educated Indians, who looked down upon astrology and allied subjects as fit for study only by
unscientific minds. In fact, the downfall of astrology appeared irremediable. It was at this time
thatlateProf.B.SuryanarainRaoundertookthetaskofrevivingthesubjectbydivertingthe
thoughts of the Indian cultured public to the secrets of a unique class of phenomenon, hitherto
theobjectofridiculetootherswhopassforbettermindsundertheconvenientnameofmenof
science. For a time the mere use of the word astrology was likely to create an attitude of
disparagement which effectually prevented many people from an impartial examination of the
facts.
Today agreatdesire for seriousstudy of astrology hasovertakenthevast majority ofthe
 
educated people.
EventodaytheattitudeofsomeoftheeducatedpeoplehereandintheWestisstill
largely dominated by nineteenth century materialism which is generally unsympathetic not only
to claims of astrology but to the spiritual view of life in general.
But Indian society has been permeated by faith in the spiritual aspect of things and
fortunately today a great desire for serious study of astrology has overtaken the majority of the
educated people.
Thereisgreatgrassrootstosupportforaradicalandthoroughreinvestigationofthe
generalstandpointofAstrologyasabranchofscienceofpermanentinterest,capableofadding
to the sum-total of human knowledge. There is keen desire that the contributions to culture and
civilizationmadebyoarMaharshis(sages)inthepastshouldbebroughttolighttodaywhen
India has achieved national independence and resumed her free career as a civilised self-
governing nation in the van of advanced nation of the world.
The general skepticism consequent on the prevalent materialism derived passively from
westerncurrentsofthoughtshouldnotcomeinthewayoftheclaimsofastrologybeing
recognized as a contribution to modern science and the art of life in general, especially for the
reason that such skeptical attitudes are being counteracted by many powerful trends even in the
West. The latest advances in relativity and atomic physics have led to second thoughts even
amongst men of science themselves. Einstein himself has expressed in favour of theistic
hypothesis. Eddington and Jeans have been led from the intelligibility of astronomical
phenomenaintheremotestgalaxiestotheideaofaCosmicIntelligenceindwellinginthemin
some mysterious way.
Thematerialistsandskepticshaveneverhadtheirownwayatanytimewhetherinthe
East or the West In India we had the Lokayatsor Charvakas (pure materialists) bat they Were few
and far between and they could riot maintain their position against the dominant schools.
Inviewofthevastmassofevidenceinsupportofastrology,theattitudeofderiders
wouldappeartobetheveryreverseofscientific.Infact,asDr.Whiteheadhaspointedout,
modern materialism is not a straight reading from science at all but a misreading in terms of
prejudice misled by the popular idea of sticks and stones — unthinking substances unrelated to
consciousness.
Dr.Whiteheadhasputitonrecordthatmodernscientistshavetheirownsuperstitions.
This is valuable testimony, coming as it does from such a great mathematician.
Itmaybesaidthatintheeyesofcommonsense,thereisanantecedentimprobabilityor
even impossibility in the claims of astrology the essenceof which isthat the planets and starsin
their positions and mutual relations influence human lives in their minute particulars.
 
This antecedent impossibility will be seen in its true proportion when we realize that even
thesimplestactoftheinteractionofmindandmatter,willandthenervoussysteminourown
bodies, has yet been unexplained in terms of materialism. There is an antecedent impossibility of
theirinteraction,onthecommonsensehypothesisoftheirutterdesperatenessorevenonthe
refined hypothesis of Descartes of the dualism of mind and matter as utterly different substances.
Theworld,asamatteroffact,issofullofmysterythatcommonsensematerialismcan
makenothingofit.TouseShakespeare'slanguage,therearemorethingsinHeavenandEarth
than are dreamt of in Horatio's Philosophy.
Astrology hasalong history fromthedawn ofcivilization.InIndiawe haveevidenceof
astrological knowledge even in the great classics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
ItisonrecordthatHinduastrologersatAlexander'sCourtpredictedhisdeathby
poisoning in Babylon. Alexander avoided that city for a time but in the end, he entered it and
diedasforetold.JuliusCeasarconsultedastrologyinhisbattledispositionsandwassuccessful
but could not pay heed to the warning of Spurina that he would die on the Ides of March.
Napoleon,itiswellknown,wasadvisedbythefamouswomanastrologerLenormandwho
repeatedlyadvisedhimnottomarchonMoscowbuthedisregardedherwarningandmethis
fate.InmedievalEurope,ofcourse,astrologyoccupiedanhonoredplace.AlbertusMagnus,
regarded as the father of scientific method, though a schoolman and theologian thought that wise
men could annul or modify the effect of stars. Lord Bacon, the father of modern scientific
method(TheAdvancementofLearning)washimselfacompetentastrologer.Hesawno
contradictionsbetweenscienceandastrology.Heheldthatastrologyshould"ratherbepurged
than rejected".
Even the great Newton, the formulator of the Laws of Motion supposed to be the
cornerstones of materialism, able to banish God from the universe, was himself an astrologer. He
had a collection of astrological works in his library and when his friend and pupil Halley
protested to him about his regard for astrology, he replied: "I have studied these things and you
have not."
Suchananswershouldbepresentedtomodernscientistswiththequery:"Isyour
disbeliefbasedoninvestigationoronlyonapassivesecond-handacceptanceoffashionable
skepticism based on the prestige of science and technology?"
Suggestions and social prestige based on the achievements of science in the making of
motorcarsorevenspacevehiclesorinter-continentalmissilesorjetplanesarenoautomatic
disproofoftheinfluenceofstarsandplanetsonthelifeofman.Thispointofviewthateach
branch of science and art should be judged by the evidence suited to it and not be condemned out
of court has been gaining ground in the second half of the twentieth century.
 
In fact it is no exaggeration to say that we have now in the world of science, letters and
culturegenerally,averitablerenaissanceofastrologyandrelatedviewsfavoringfaithinthe
unseen or spiritual aspects of reality, internal and external.
Thereareemergingscientistsandinvestigators"Whoarequietlygatheringdataand
testingtheminvariousfields.Scientificmethodisbeingappliedtoprobetheworldof
astrological phenomena — the positions of the planets and stars and their influence on lives. The
old dogmatism is giving way.
Astrology is standing out as a distinct science and aft based on proved astronomical facts
and is being differentiated from popular palmistry, crystal gazing, thought-reading and jugglery.
Itwillbeseenfromtheargumentsadduced,andthefactspresentedinthefollowing
pages, that none of the a priori objectionstotheideaofarelationbetweenastronomical
phenomenaandterrestrialhappenings—anunpleasantdeductionbutafactobjectively
established — is seriously tenable.
As scientific investigation exhausts its curiosityandreducestherelationshipinthefield
of material phenomena, inevitably comes the necessity of considering higher relationships, due
tothefactthatmanhimselfisnotamechanicalautomationbutisendowedwithwilland
intelligence. Astrology in respect of its universal application is a field of enquiry too extensive
for little more than surface consideration.
Acareful consideration of the evolution of human thought in the West reveals three broad
epochs in man's efforts to understand the workings of nature. They are animistic, mechanical and
mathematical.AsSirJames Jeanwrites:"Theanimisticperiod was characterizedby the errorof
supposingthatthecourseofnaturewasgovernedbythewhimsandpassionsoflivingbeings,
moreorlesslikemanhimself.Becausepersonalityistheconceptofwhichhehasmost
immediate and direct experience, he begins by personifying everything."
Jeansgoesontosay:
1
"Asthehistoryoftheindividualismerelythehistoryoftherace
writsmall,ourracedidmuchthesameinitsinfancyasitsindividualsstilldointheirsGreek
science consisted in the main of mere vague questionings and speculations as to why things came
to be as they were rather than the otherwise."
So longas mencould only experimentwith objectswhichwere comparablein size,with
their own bodies, they found inanimate nature behaving as though its constituent pieces exerted
pushesandpullstooneanother.Thismechanisticviewofnatureinitsturnimpliesabsolute
determinismandexplainedtheworkings ofnatureintermsofthefamiliarconceptsofeveryday
life.Today,however,asJeanssays,
2
"wearebeginningtoseethatmanhadfreedhimselffrom
theanthropomorphicerrorofimaginingthattheworkings ofnaturecouldbe comparedtothose
1
New Background of Science.
2
New Background of Science.
 
 
 
of his own whims and caprices (animism), only to fall headlong into the second anthropomorphic
errorofimaginingthattheycouldbecomparedtotheworkingsofhisownmusclesandsinews
(mechanism)."
It must be noted that even modern scientists fall into the same error of thinking that Jeans
has charged the mechanists and the animist with, because whilst theanimists and themechanists
proceeded in the same general lines as the child and the unreflective savage, the modern scientist
has built an inferential world out of the impressions gathered through his senses and instruments.
Thescientist feels that whichisnotconvincingtohimorpossibletohimwould beandmustbe
so tothe restof mankind. Tothink thatphenomenonwhich isinexplicableto him,must beso to
therestofmankindistoarguelikeafool.TotheancientHindusgoesthecreditofhaving
discovered some of the fundamental laws governing the universe and its inhabitants.
3
"The sages
possessed a much more accurate, dependable and comprehensive instrument with which to
observe natural phenomenon — their ability to function in what might be called a fourth
dimensional consciousness or Yoga — which enabled them to note, to measure, to weigh and to
classify all the facts concerning the universe without micro meters and telescopes." This super-
consciousness which they required, to put in Prof. B. Suryanarain Rao's words, "by intensifying
thesense-energiesinternallyaccordingtoapprovedyogicmethods"madethem"awareofand
abletocomprehendinfinitesimalunitsoftimeandspacetoosmalltobemeasuredbythemost
modern scientific instruments and vast spans of years and universes, too remote to be found even
bythelargesttelescope".Concentrationofthemindyieldsmorevaluableresultsthanthe
employment of laboratory methods with a mind that is incapable of intuition or internal
development. What Einstein and Eddington have said about the universe, and what they have yet
tosayaboutman'srelationtouniverse,theMaharshishavealreadysaid.Theirconclusionsare
neither animistic nor mechanistic nor mathematical. The scientist keeps his nose fixed to his
mathematical formulae, seeking to divine the structure of the material universe. But the
Maharshiswerenotblindtotheso-calledunknownforceswhichliebackofmaterial
phenomena. They found out the grand truth that man is the reflection of the universe. The key to
understand this fundamental truth lies in astrology.
Scientistshavebeenrapidlychangingtheirviewsandoutlookuponexternalnature,and
have begunto treadthedomain ofHindu philosophy by propoundingstrange concepts ofspace,
time and matter, while psychologists are becoming more and more conscious of the fact that
mind can wield direct influence on the outer world, a secret known to the Hindus long before the
periodofso-calleddawnofscientificknowledge.Whereverthescientistlooksat,heis
confrontedwiththemysteryoflifewiththeresulthehasbeenpracticallygropinginthedark.
3
Hindu Astrology by Mankari Pande.
 
 
Unless he recognizes the importance of astrology, the fundamental problems about man and his
place in the universe must always remain a mystery. Astrology takes into cognizance the relation
existing between man and the cosmos.
WehavesaidabovethatWesternscientificthoughtcouldbedividedintothreebroad
epochs,viz.,animistic,mechanisticandmathematical.Thesethreecorrespondalsotothethree
stages of astrological thought. In the beginning, astrology dealt with the planetary bodies mainly
as entities fit tobe worshipped and thisanimistic attitude stillremains as an important feature of
remedial astrology. The 'animism' here is only an euphemism and has nothing in common with
'animism' of the West. The second stage of astrological thought concerned itself to an elucidation
ofthe"periodicityoflife-process"—themechanismofscience—correspondingintermsof
material activity. In the third stage, astrology served as a means to bring biological and
4
"psychological order into the inner natures of men who had been unbalanced". Recently
electricity andradioactivity ledman tothe startling conceptsof twentiethcentury physics —the
new word of thought, widely open to the unknown and it is. astrology that should supply the key
to the unknown and unknowable.
"The lawof analogy presupposesa UniversalAgent permeating theentire universe" —a
life substance — comicenergy — filling inall space.It isnow being increasingly realised that a
certain 'phase of relationship exists between man's conscious ego and Nature. At some time these
were held to be physiological and elemental. Now they are to be psychological and mental. And
astrology integrates and correlates this principle of order".
Scienceisbeginningtorealizethat
5
"wearenowfacedwithacosmicdeterminismin
which our freedoms become illusions, as misleading as our rages and fears, which we think are
volitionsbutwhichareregisteredevenwhenthecerebralcortexhasbeensurgicallyremoved".
The law of Karma and its relation to astrology have a direct bearing upon the theory of
'determinism'whichmodernthinkerscouldhavedevelopedfurtherifthedoctrinesenumerated
thousandsofyearsagobytheHindushadbeentakennoteof.Itisonlybyassumingthat
determinisminsomeformorotherexistsinnaturethatpredictioncanbecomepossible.
According toLaplacethere isa lawin naturethat"like causesproducelike effects". Thismeans
some sort of determinism exists suggesting thereby nature's uniformity. Haldane whilst
criticizingLaplaceinthisregarddoesnotdoubtthepossibilityof"averyhighdegreeof
accuracyinthepredictionbothofphysicalandsocialhappenings".BertrandRusselconcedes
that
6
"acorrelationwhichhasbeenfoundtrueinanumberofcases,andhasneverbeenfound
false, has at least a certain assignable degree of probability of being always true". This definition
4
Astrology of Personality by Dane Rudhyar.
5
"Astrology and Modern Science," by O. B. Vijayamuni, in the astrological magazine for May 1948.
6
Analysis of Matter.
 
 
 
 
isofgreatimportancetostudentsofastrology.Theabovestatementsautomaticallyleadtothe
acceptance of 'determinism'. Unless there is some sort of a cause-effect principle, prediction,
even to the extent Russel suggests, would be impossible. Planck honestly confesses that the
"knowablerealitiesofnaturecannotbeexhaustivelydiscoveredbyanybranchofscience"and
that "this means that science is never in a position completely and exhaustively to explain the
problems it has to face". Professor Einstien is stated to have observed: "Honestly I cannot
understand what people mean when they talk about the freedom of the human will."
Schopenhauer said that "man can do what he wills but he cannot will what he wills".
Planck'sdiscoveryofQuantumTheoryissupposedtohavedisturbedtheprincipleof
determinismorcausality.Thematerialistbelievesthatchanceandnecessityexplainnatural
phenomena.Itshouldoccurtoanymanofaverageintelligencethatblindchanceinnatureis
meaningless,becauseitcannotexplainanynaturalphenomenasatisfactorily. Wedonotwishto
enlargethisquestionfurtherbecauseitbelongstotheprovinceofdialecticsandinvolves
profound thinking. Suffice it to say that cool reflection reveals the operation of some intelligent
design throughout the universe. This grand truth was perceived by the Sages through intuition or
introspection,aprocessasreliableinitspossibilitiesasitisdifficultofachievementbythe
modern scientist.
The next shock the law of determinism is supposed to have received was from the
discovery of Rutherford that
7
“atoms at times disintegrate themselves spontaneously and at times
behaveinadifferentway".Bohrfoundout
8
"that the electron of the atom does not travel
uniformly in a continuous stream but by jumps". The impact of these discoveries on the theory of
causalitywasconsiderablebecausetheydemonstratedthat
9
"nature had hardly any such law of
uniformity". This was followed by Heisenberg's new Quantum Mechanics according to which
10
"althoughthereoccursuddenbreaksandjumps inthe motion,stilltheyaresominuteattimes
that the effect for all practical purposes is continuous
 
and uniform". In other words, according to
the Sanskrit maxim "dhatanam yatat purvama kalaayet" (there is nothing new on the surface of
theearth),scientificconcepts,aftertheinvestigationsofPlanck,EinsteinandHeisenberg,are
goingbacktothesameoldtheoriesfromwhichtheystarted.Eddingtonwarnsusthusina
beautiful manner: "There is nothing new under the Sun and this latest Volte Face almost brings
us back to Newton's theory of light — a curious mixture of corpuscular and wave theory. There
is perhaps a pleasing sentiment in this return to Newton”.
It will be seen that all the rude shocks that determinism is supposed to have received was
7
Materialism, Marxism, Determinism and Dialectics by Das Gupta.
8
Ibid.
9
Ibid.
10
Ibid.
 
 
 
 
 
onlyin therealm oftheatomandtheelectron.Ifwetakea humanbeingwefindthatsomesort
of determinism exists.Evenindeterminateeventsare governedbystatisticallaws."Laws canbe
found which can govern the behavior of crowds of electrons". In regard to man the past and
present can indicate the future, let us say, generally, though riot precisely. We need not be carried
awaybythehueandcryofthescientistaboutthebreakdownofdeterminismbecausehis
reference is only to the atomic world. Fundamental things still exist beyond man's understanding.
We have said elsewhere that the ancient Maharshis discovered grand truths the fringe of
which Einstein and Eddington have just now reached, by deep mental concentration.
Concentration of mind presupposes complete detachment. Without such detachment,
'investigation' into therealm of the unknown isnot possible. Does the modernscientist have this
power of detachment? Heisenberg has proved that the "investigator does affect the investigation
and that there is no getting away from this fact". As long as the scientist is unable to bring to bear
upon his investigations 'pure mind and pure thought' his conclusion, which may be true in atomic
matters, can never be accepted as true in social and historical matters. The marvelous
achievement of having soared into the mysterious regions of the abstract by 'pure thought' and
discovered one great fundamental truth belongs to those great Maharshis like Vyasa, Kanada and
Kapila.
11
"Intheirprocessofthinking,theyhadanextraordinarydynamicpowerofassimilating
ideas." Thatthe Maharshis'findings areto be acceptedas authoritativeseems as ifechoedby no
lessapersonthanthegreatscientistHeisenbergwhenheobservesthus:"Manyofthe
abstractions that are characteristic of modern theoretical physics to be found discussed in the
philosophy of past centuries.At that time these abstractions could be disregarded as mere mental
exercises by those scientists whose only concern was with reality but today we are compelled by
the refinements of experimental art to consider them seriously."
In the face of such a bold assertion on the part of Heisenberg, it is strange that the
metaphysical speculations of the Upanishads and the Acharyas should still be anathema to the
scientific man of today. As Dr. Rhine observes,
12
"there is an unfortunate taboo both in the school
and out of it against discussion of beliefs concerning man's ultimate nature".
Everyadvanceinscientificresearch,every newdiscoveryofnaturallaw,whetherinthe
realm of chemistry or biology, means areal extensionof the deterministic principle,which in its
turn implies some sortof causal line. BertrandRussel observes thus:
13
"I call a series ofevents a
causalline,ifgivensomeofthemwecaninfersomethingabouttheotherswithouthavingto
know anything about the environment." In other wards the possibility of prediction is conceded. I
11
Materialism, Marxism, Determinism and Dialectics by Das Gupta.
12
Reach of the Mind.
13
Reach of the Mind.
 
 
 
 
mustwarnreadersthat1amdeliberatelyomittingtousetheterm'Fate'thoughbothFateand
Determinism connote more or less the same idea. I shall subsequently deal with the question of
Fate and Freewill and their relation to astrology.
One of the reasons for the degeneration of astrology appears tobe due tothe fact that the
scientificmindbecamemoreorlessananalyticalmachine.Manhasbecometooselfishand
sensuality,mentalchaosandintellectualperversionhavebecomedeeplyrooted.Astrology
14
"perforceceasedtobevitalandnecessarytothecollectivitiesasaprincipleoforderbecause
the growing domination of the intellectual rational principle enabled man to project speculatively
hisownorderintotheworld".Thebiologicalorderisindeedofadifferentkind.Theintellect
which is but aninstrumentality helping man toraise his consciousness"creates a separative kind
of individualismbased on analysis.............. Asindividuals becamemore andmore the important
thing,"astrologydescendeditselftotheleveloffortune-telling.Thedeeperphasesofastrology
foundthemselvesrebornonlyafterthelateProf.B.SuryanarainRaoenteredthefieldandtook
up its cause.
Thesituationnowinthetrendofscientificthoughtisextremelyconfusing.Wemay
therefore concludethat inregardtoallhumaneventssomesortofdeterminismdoesexistwhile
in the atomic world "determinism of a statistical kind exists".
While causalism and mechanism have been valuable adjuncts in the study of physical
phenomena, they havedonenothing toexplainthepsychological phenomena. Sinceastrology is
concernedasmuchwiththephysicalaspectofmanasitiswithhispsychologicalaspect,afew
observationsonthevaluesoftimeseemtobenecessary.Sincethecausalityprincipleappeared
inadequatetoexplainpsychologicalphenomenathegreatpsychologistJungfoundthat
15
"there
arepsychicparallelismswhichcannotberelatedtoeachothercausally,butwhichmustbe
connectedthrough anothersequence ofevents".Junggoesontosay:
16
"This connection seemed
to me to be essentially provided in the fact of the relative simultaneity, therefore the expression
synchronistic". Time contains, according to Jung, "qualities or basic conditions manifesting
simultaneouslyinvariousplacesinawaynottobeexplainedbycausalparallelisms,asfor
example, in cases of the coincident appearance of identical thoughts, symbols or psychic
conditions". In a personal letter addressed to me(the full textof which appears inthe Appendix)
Dr.Junghasconcededthevalidityofastrology. Asregardsthebasisofastrology,hedoesnot
giveacorrectpictureinasmuchashethinksthatcorrectastrologicaldeductions"arenotdueto
the effect of constellations, but to our hypothetical time charecters". Evidently Carl Jung does
not appear to have been aware of the Hindu point of view in regardto prediction. The future is a
14
Astrology of Personality by Dane Rudhyar.
15
Secret of the Golden Flower.
16
Ibid.
 
 
 
 
reflection of the past. The horoscope simply indicates the future. But the so-called influenceof a
planetorastarisonlyaproximalcase.WemaynotsubscribetotheviewsofJungintheir
entirety.
They are quoted to the extent needed to support astrological thought.As the
'synchronistic' principle representsatimeevaluationand "basedonthe formative potency ofthe
moment," it is closely, though not entirely, allied to the astrological precept. Planets are
manifestation of matter and they move in space. Their movements are regulated in time.
Therefore astrology connects time, space and matter together and demonstrates the synchronistic
aswellascausalityordeterministicprinciples.Itisanartoflife-interpretationandprovidesus
with a technique of self-improvement and perfection.
That there is determinism as often as there is indeterminism in the atomic world leads us
tothinkthatontheonehandthereistheinevitableeffectofKarma,andthatontheotherhand
there is Freewill also.
 
II
ASTROLOGY AND KARMA
ItisinthiswaythattheMaharshispropoundedthegrandlawofKarmaandRebirth.If
thetheoryofrebirthisnotaccepteditisnotpossibletoexplainthedestinyofmanandallthe
differences and disparities in spite of apparently equal does of effort and will. Environmental
conditions and economic factors may explain the disparity to some extent. Where we cannot
explain things with reason, we at once bring in the name of chance, a safety-valve to conceal our
ignorance. In the absence of causality or determinism, chance or accident is the only explanation.
Aproblemwhoseexplanationrequiresgreatthinkingshouldnotbedisposedofoutofan
accident. On the contrary, the inequities, differences and distinctions compelled the sages to
acceptthetheoryofKarma.Inphysicalphenomenathecauseandeffectrelationshipcaneasily
bedemonstratedbutinregardtoKarmatheorytheeffectofactioncannotbephysically
analyzed. It is a conception, indeed a grand conception, based on sound logic. The law of Karma
operates through a series of births. Man has to suffer the consequences of his actions until he
succeedsinregulatinghisactionsbytrueknowledgeandwisdom.TotheHindusthis
17
"karma
theory and freewill are not creations of a fanciful imagination" or false solace. They are
demonstratedfacts— demonstrated inthesensethattheSagesinastateofspiritualecstasydid
realize their truth. A critical mind will be able to see that there is a striking resemblance between
a pure thought (yogic introspection of the Maharshis) and the laboratory investigation. The latter
has shown that in regard to the atomic world 'determinism' and 'indeterminism' obtain while the
Maharshishaveshownthatwhenonceaman"hasdoneanacthemustgettheinevitableresult
of his own action", and that "there is a freewill to act or not to act, but once the act is done, the
lawofKarmawillbringitsownresult.Thereisnoescapefromtheinevitableconsequenceof
action but by exercise of freewill, man may guide his future and thereby create his own destiny".
Astrology or Hora Sastra revealstheresultofourpastkarma,expressedprobablyintermsof
what we crudely call planetary influences.
Astrology and Karma are therefore interrelated. Astrology reveals the consequence of our
actions which we donot remember in thislife and are untraceable in this birth. The result of our
unknown actions is what we call 'fate' or adrishtra. ThelawofKarmathereforeindicatesthe
cause and effect relationship.
Beforetakingupthesignificanceofastrology,wehavetomakeafewmoreremarks
about the law of Karma. Many people imagine that the theory of Karma is based on fatalism and
predestinednecessityandthat,therefore,itleavesnoscopeforindividualdevelopment.Sucha
17
Materialism. Marxism. Determinism and Dialectics by Das Gupta.
 
 
misconception is partly due to the ignorance of the theory of Karma. One must admit that the
universeiseithercosmosorchaos;itcannotbepartlyruledbylawandpartlybychance.The
experiencesofgenerationsofthinkersshouldconvinceanyintelligentpersonthattheuniverse
andthelifeactivitiesareregulatedbycertainlaws.IftheSunandtheplanetarybodiesare
subjecttodisciplineandtheirmovementsandphenomenaareaccordingtoacertainorder,then
the lives of individuals who inhabit the planetary systems must also be guided by certain definite
laws and rules,and chancecannot makeone a kingand theother, abeggar by themere accident
of birth.
"For thestudy ofKarma, itisbest toconsider themanat thelevel ofhis individuality or
'soul'.Thesoulissaidtobeimmortal.Onlytheso-calledpositivistsandsomealliedschoolsof
thought doubtthe,immortalityof thesoul.Aconsciousexistenceafter death hasnobetter proof
than a pre-natal existence. It is an old declaration that what begins in Time must end in Time. We
haveno righttosay thatthesouliseternalonone sideofitsearthly periodwithoutbeingsoon
theother.Farmorerationalistheviewofcertainscientists,whobelievingthatthesoul
originates with this life also declare that it ends with this life. That is the logical outcome of their
premise. If the soul sprang into existence specially for this life, why should it continue
afterwards? It is precisely as probable from all the grounds of reason that death is the conclusion
of the soul as that birth is the beginning of it. It was this argument which had special weight with
theGreekphilosophers,whosereasoningsuponimmortalityhaveledalllaterEuropean
generations.Theyassertedtheeternityofsoulinordertovindicateitsimmortality.TheHindu
conceptionis ofcoursemoreprofound.Man'sexistence,says oneofthedisciples of Kapila, the
firstevolutionistintheworld,isamererepetitionofhisotherpreviousexistences.Hispresent
existence is but a link in the chain of eternal existences connecting the past with the future. In his
eachbirth,hecarriesonestepforward,theinceptivepurposeofhiscreationtoitsgoaland
consummationuntilitattainstheoneinwhichthepast,presentandfutureareblendedtogether
and time and space annihilated. Above all, our instinctive belief in immortality implies a sub-
conscious acceptance of this view. If we do not grant the immortality of the soul, the
inconceivabilityofannihilationorofcreationfromnothingbecomesobvious.Grantingthe
permanenceofthehuman'spirit','soul','ego','atman'—whateveryoucallit—thelawof
Karma is the only one yielding a metaphysical explanation of the phenomenon of life. It is
already accepted in the physical plane as evolution and holds a firm ethical value in applying the
law of justice to human experience.
ThelawofKarmasuggests,thatouractions—physicalaswellaspsychical—are
performed according to certain regular laws with a definite end in view. Actions performed may
fructify in a minute, or in a day, or in a year, or in one life, or in several lives. Actions, when
 
performed, remain in the form of something unseen till the time of their fructification and during
this period this something is known as 'adrishta' (the so-called luck or fortune). There is no
escape without the experience of the fruits of theseactions — (desires and thoughts) — until the
whole adrishta is exhausted.
Feelingsofpleasureandpainandlikeanddislikecharacterizeallouractivitiesinany
walk of life.
Thiscannotbedenied.Ancientwriterssaythatthesefeelingscannotbeattributedto
external things; for an external thing or object which gives pleasure to a man at one particular
time causes pain to the same man at another time instead of producing pleasure at all times.
Hencethe(materialnottheinstrumental)causeistracedtothe'soul'whichistheseatofthese
feelings.Sincethe'soul'iseternal,itcannotbetherequisitecause,becauseifitwerethe
requisitecause,theeffectoughttohavebeeneverpresent,whichisnotthefact.Hence,the
presence of a determining factor to the Atma is necessary. The ancient Hindu schools believed in
the existence of an unseen force, which is called Dharma-dharma or 'adrishta' or the sum-total of
Karma. It is this unseen force which helps the fructification of the deeds of the past.
According to ancient texts when one dies, his soul which is enveloped in a subtle body
and invested with the sum-total of good and bad Karma passes after some time into another body
leavingoffhisgrossbody,asamancastsoffworn-outclothesandputsonnewones.His
reincarnationtakesplaceinaphysicalbodycorrespondingwiththedeedsdonebyhiminhis
previous life. The processes of death and birth go on until the person concerned attains
emancipation.ThecardinaldoctrineofKarmathereforeisthelawofcauseandeffectin
accordance with the maxim "as a man soweth so shall he reap". The Darwinian theory of
evolutionisdefectiveinasmuchasitdoesnotofferasatisfactorysolutionoftheproblems
agitating the human mind from times immemorial. The Darwinian theory of evolution slops with
man.Karmatheoryontheotherhandtakesusfurtherandsaysthataccordingtothemaxim
'actionandreactionareequalandopposite',whenthereisevolutiontheremustnecessarilybe
devolutionalso.HenceaBrahmininthislifemaybebornasaHarijaninthenextlife;arich
man in this life may be born as a poor man in the next life and vice versa. Thus the station of life
orthedegreeofwealth,etc.,thatonehasattainedinthislifeismostlyduetotheKarmaathis
creditinthepreviouslife.Karmaisduetoouractionsandouractionsareduetoourthoughts.
Hence it is man who creates his Karma for it is the product of his thought.
There are three categories of Karma, viz., (1) Sanchita, (2) Prarabdha and (3) Agami. The
SanchitaoraccumulativeKarmapertainstoactionsthatarestilllyinglatent"likeseeds stocked
upinagranaryforfruitioninfuturelives."Thepresentcourseoflifeisindicatedbythe
Prarabdha or operative Karma, deeds or actions whose seed has already sprung up and whose
 
machineryhasbeensetinmotiontowardstheirfruitioninthepresentlife. Agamipertainsto
actionscontemplatedtobedone.ThereareseveralgradationsofKarmasuggestedinHindu
philosophical and astrological works and these details do not concern us now.
18
"It would further seem that man is responsible only for such acts as are generated in the
mind. He is not responsible for actions where the thought or intent did not run with the deed. For
instance, in turning quickly on a station platform some one bumps into aperson standing behind
him as a result of which the latter falls in front of a train; the former would not be responsible for
death which henever intended.Here thelaw would seemto bethe 'above' ofwhich Englishlaw
isthereflected,thoughunconsciouslyreflected'below'.ForinEnglishlaw,theremust,to
constitute responsibility, not only be an actus reus, the wrongful deed, but also a mens rea, the
wickedmind."Thishoweverisaverygeneralcomparison.Prof.B.SuryanarainRaoobserves
thus:
19
"Before the birth of a child, it has some Karma to its credit and as the result of that Karma
ittakesbirthinaparticularfamilywithparticularsurroundings,specialphysicalfeaturesand
noticeable mental inclinations. This Karma of the infant which resulted in its birth and
surroundings is called Sanchita orthatwhichalreadywasstoredin,bythischildbeforethe
present birth, to its credit. Pararbdha is that which it does after the birth. Here is a grand mystery
innaturewhichrequiresdeepandintelligentstudytounderstandit.Someoftheactionsofthe
child are due to its predilections for certain things, as being the results of past Karma. But the
childhasawillofitsown.Thisispartlyunderthecontrolofthepastkarmicresultsandpartly
independent of them, like the mystery of the nails. These nails are apparently dead, but they are
alsolivingfortheygrow,buttheycanbecut,carvedorburntwithoutanypaintoacertain
extent.Howdeadmattercangrowoutoflivingmatterisamysterywhichcanonlybe
understood by a higher person who is on grander intellectual planes? When the child does an act
as. the result of its previous Karma, it must be attributed to Sanchita or stored-up Karma. But
when it doessomething inits lifeby the semi-independent will, theKarma willbe characterized
as Prarabdha or that which is done in the present state ofexistence. But when a man says that he
will kill a person next year, or commit adultery with a girl after she attains her age, or do charity
when he gets rich, the Karma has yet to be done, and this will be classified asAgami. This again
maybetheresultofpastKarmaandpresentwill-force,joinedtogetherormaybeduetoother
mysterious forces.
"ThuseachofthedivisionsofKarma,viz.,Sanchita,PrarabdhaandAgamihasagainto
be subdivided into three classes. All human actions may be brought together under (1) Kayaka
—bodily,(2)Vachaka—pertainingtospeech,and(3)Manasika—mentalinfluences. Aman
doessomethingbyhisbody,suchaskicking,beating,squeezing,embracing,etc.,andallthese
18
Karma and Rebirth by Christian Humphreys.
19
An Introduction to Astrology by B. S. Rao.
 
 
 
physicalactionsarecalledkayakaorpertainingtothekaya orbody. All thoseactionswhichhe
doesbyspeecharecalledvachakaandthesearestrongerthanthefirstsetofkayakaorbodily
actions.Thentherearetheactionsofmind,thinkinggoodoreviland.theseareclassedas
manasika or mental. As mind power is the grandest yet discovered in all nature, actions of the
mind are the most powerful and surpass in intensity all other kinds of actions. Sanchita,
therefore, as well as Prarabdha andAgami, has three sorts of Karma attached to it and here come
the complications of Karma theory."
Karma theory teaches usthatsoul entersthis life,notas afresh creation,but afteralong
courseofpreviousexistencesonthisearthandelsewhere,inwhichitacquireditspresent
inhering peculiarities and that it is on the way to future transformations which the soul is now
shaping.Itclaimsthatinfancybringstoearth,notablankscrollforthebeginningofanearthly
record,noramerecohesionofatomicforcesintoabriefpersonalitysoontodiscloseagaininto
the elements, but that it is inscribed with ancestral histories, some like the present scene the most
ofthemunlikeitandstretchingbackinto,andremotestpast.Theseinscriptionsaregenerally
undecipherable, save as revealed in their molding influence upon the new career, but like the
invisiblephotographicimagesmadeby theSunofall itsees;whentheyareproperly developed
inthelaboratoryofconsciousness,theywillbedistinctlydisplayed.Thecurrentphaseoflife
will also be stored away in the secret vaults of memory for its unconscious effect upon ensuing
lives.Allthequalitieswenowpossessinbody,mindandsoulresultfromouruseofancient
opportunities,weareindeedtheheirsofalltheages.Fortheseconditionsaccruefromdistant
causes endangered by our older selves, and the future flows by the divine law of cause and effect
(Karma)from,thegatheredmomentumofourpastimpetuses.Thereisnofavoritisminthe
universe, but all have the same everlasting facilities for growth. Those who are now elevated in
worldlystationmaybesunkinhumblesurroundingsinthefuture.Onlytheinnertraitsofthe
soul are permanent companions. The wealthy sluggard may be the beggar of the next life, and the
industrious worker of the present is sowing the seeds of greatness. Suffering, bravely endured
now,will produceatreasureofpatienceandfortitudeinanotherlife,hardshipswillgiverise to
strength,self-denialmustdevelopthewill,tastescultivatedinthisexistencewillsomehow bear
fruit in coming ones and acquired energies will assert themselves whenever they can by the less
parsimoniae upon which the principles of physics are based. Vice versa, the unconscious habits,
theuncontrollableimpulses,thepeculiartendencies,thefavoritepursuits,andthesoul-stirring
friendshipsof thepresentdescendfrom far-reaching previousactivities.Karmais whatwehave
done, and we have to enjoy the karmic results. Therefore it follows that the future is only the
past. It should therefore be possible to predict the future. The astrologer feels by means of his art
the cloud ofunexpended Karmain the auraand triesto read it.Planetstherefore simply indicate
 
the results of previous Karma and hence there is nothing likefate or destiny in its absolute sense
controlling us. 'The indications of planets are something like show cause notices of a legal court.
The sections mentioned therein are technical and they indicate with what sort of commission or
omissionofdutythepersonischargedwith.Hemustmakepreparationstomeetthem.Thusa
man borrows unduly from another and fails to pay him. This will bring a decree against the
defaulter and a notice will issue for its execution. The decree does not prohibit the defaulter from
earning money by any means and paying it off or going to the creditor and satisfying his
demands by other means, such as personal service, intercessions of relations or friends, pleading
for mercy, etc. Similarly the planets indicate the evil or good results of the previous Karma and
leavesittomanto counteractthemorallowthemtohavetheirfullsway. Thusthegoodorbad
SanchitaKarmaatourcreditcanbeaugmentedorminimizedby thePrarabdhaKarmawiththe
aidofwill-power,whichislimitlessinitspotentiality." Astrologythereforedoesnotleadtoa
weakeningofthewill.Scienceexplainstheidiosyncrasiesofplantsandanimalsbythe
environment of previous generations, and calls instinct, hereditary habit. In the same way there is
anevolutionofindividuality,bywhichthechildopensitsnewerawithcharacteristicsderived
from anterior lives and adds the experience of a new personality to the sum-total of his treasured
traits. In its passage through earthly personalities the spiritual self, the essential ego, accumulates
afundofindividualcharacter,whichremainsasthepermanentthreadstringingtogetherthe
separatelives. Thesoulisthereforean eternalwaterglobule,whichsprunginthebeginningless
past from mother ocean and is destined after an unreckonablecourse of meanderings in cold and
rain,snowandsteam,springandriver,mudandvapor,toatlastreturnwiththegarnered
experience of all lonely existences into the central heart of all.
That we have forgotten the causes producing the present sequences of pleasures and
pains, talents anddefects, successesand failuresis no disproofof them,and does notdisturb the
justiceofthescheme.Fortemporaryoblivionistheanodynebywhichthekindlyphysicianis
bringing us through the darker wards of sorrow into perfect health.
The law of Karma provides a graded sanction or reason for right living. It proves that
men are in essence one, and that any deed which hurts one's neighborhood or the commonweal is
an injury to oneself. Above all, it reveals a plane of consciousness where right becomes the
inmost law of being and a man does right not because it pays or because it avoids self-injury, but
because, beyond all argument, he must. Karma destroys the cause of envy and the consequent ill-
will.Itremovesimpatience.Itlargelyremovesthefearofdeathforwhichthereistheinner
conviction of rebirth and by the law of affinity re-union with those one loves, why worry.
The belief in the theory of Karma and reincarnation scattered through the philosophical
writings of India reproduce the scientific theories of the involution and evolution of the elements.
 
The swarming millions of India have made the thought 'the soul is older than body' the
foundationoftheirenormousachievementsinGovernment,philosophy,architectureandpoetry.
Throughout the East, it is the great central thought. It is no mere superstition of the ignorant
masses. It is the chief principle of Hindu metaphysics — the basis of all their inspired ooks. Such
ahoaryphilosophy,heldbythevenerableauthorityoftheages,rulingfromthebeginningof
timethebulkoftheworld'sthought,cherishedinsomeformbythedisciplesofeverygreat
religion, is certainly worthy of the profoundest respect and study.
The conceit of modern progress has no more respect for ancient ideals than for the
forgotten civilization of old, even though in many essentials they have anticipated or out-stripped
all that we boast of.
In this connection a reference may be made to the observations of Lakhovsky on
immortality and reincarnation. He has made a new approach to these great problems in the sense,
he explains the concepts on a material and biological basis. According to his doctrine of
Materialization and Dematerialization the process of creation and disappearance of matter is
perpetuallygoingon."Throughcondensationcosmicrays aretransformedintoelectrons,atoms
and molecules, and inversely in radioactivity, we witness the transformation of matter into
radiation." In his book Matter Lakhovsky explains how rays from one star can enter resonance
withchromosomesinlivingbeingsdwellingonanotherplanetorstarandgivebirthtolife.In
other words, he suggests that life can be continuously converged through radiation from one
planet totheother,or from theearthtoanotherplanetorstar.By this process,hethinkswelive
physically eternally through materialization of radiations. Readers must be aware that according
to Hindu astrology, in studying the 5th house,we areasked to ascertain the fertility or otherwise
of the couple by a consideration of what are called beeja and kshetra representing, as they do,
not merely the sperm and the ovum but the element whichreallymakesthemaleandfemale
fluidsfertileorsuitablefortheentryofanewsoul.Thehusbandandwifemaybe
physiologically normal. Their sex-relations may be happy. But still if their beeja and kshetra are
not strong, when judged according to astrological rules, they will not bring forth any issues. This
wantof'fertility'intheseedorthebedderivesarationalexplanationfromLakhovsky,forhe
"claimsthattheactoffertilizationbetweenthesexesisitselfinsufficienttoproducetheliving
beingItisnecessarythatwhenfertilizationoccurs,atthismomentcertaincosmicradiations
materializewithinthefertilizedegg".Whetherornotinallhumanbeingssuchmaterialization
occurs, could be ascertained astrologically by the beeja and kshetra method.
Lakhovsky observes:
20
"We all know, besides, that fertilization often does not occur until the end of several
20
Eternity. Life and Death.
 
 
months and even after several years. This delay of impregnation may be due to the specific
radiationsofthemaleorfemale,whicharenotalwaysinresonancewiththeradiationof
materialization. The organism from the first cell, in its development, is thus materialization of
rays transmitted by its other ego on another planet, and continues during its development to
evolve under the domination of the same specific complex of radiations coming from the being
that originally gave it life. They transmit to it, by its own vibration, during its entire existence, all
the characteristics of its other ego dwelling on another planet.
"Allthisexplainshoweverylivingbeing(microbe,infusoria,plant,animal,man)
reproducesitselftoinfinityonotherplanets,whereitscomplexofradiationsfindsfavourable
conditions of resonance and so materialize themselves in various parts of the universe to eternity.
These materializations, by the propagation of the radiations from planet to planet, can repeat
themselves indefinitely, in the infinity of time and space. The life of every being, including man,
onallplanetsisnothingbuttheresultormaterializationproducedbysuccessiveandeternal
resonances.
"Itthusfollowsthatallbeingsthatlosetheirlivesarenotdeadinreality,in theabsolute
senseoftheword,butcontinuetolivewiththeirfullconsciousnessinotherregionsofthe
universe. Theycouldperfectly wellberebornonearththroughapreviousrematerializationand
relive with their bull-ness of their personality in flesh and bone. Also, we are simply
reproductionsbymaterializationofbeingsexistingorhavingexistedonourearthoronother
planets. So, great men who died in the past are not dead, but continue to live in flesh and bone, in
full consciousness, on other planets, and they continue their work.
"Thisreincarnationofhumanbeingsonotherstarscanexplaincertainfactsotherwise
difficulttoaccountfor.Thushowcanweunderstandtheextraordinaryaptitudesofamanof
geniusbornofmediocreparents?Thelawsofheredityseemsupersededandarepowerlessto
account for the exceptional qualities of thisman. On the contrary, everything is explainedby the
effect of the transmission of a complex of human rays through space, at the moment of
conception. This being of genius is formed by the process (of materialization of cellular
radiations traveling throughspacefrom planet toplanet)indicatedabove,thankstotheunionof
theunitedgameteswithraysofthesamecharacteristicrateofvibrationcomingfromanother
exceptional individual who died on some distant star.
"Thus great thinkers, great artists, great philosophers, great statesmen, and all other
geniuses of which history has transmitted their names, are, in all probability, repetitions of other
thinkers, artists, philosophers and statesmen who have died on other stars or on the earth".
Indicating that the birth of such individuals must occur at times when stellar and
planetary vibrations are harmonious to their own rate of vibration, Lakhovsky concludes:
 
21
"There is yet another reason why we should not put aside without profound examination
thetheoriesthatplacespecialimportancetothemarkedinfluenceonhumandestinyofthe
positionofthestarsintheheavenatthemomentofconceptionandbirthofahumanbeing.I
haveelsewheredealtwiththequestionoftheinfluenceofthepositionofthestarsinmy books,
The Secret of Life, and Eternity, Life and Death".
Lakhovsky clearly upholds the theory of astrology by his able and scholarly expositions
bearing on cosmic radiations and their influences on terrestrial affairs.
21
Eternity, Life and Death.
 
 
III
WHAT IS ASTROLOGY?
Some people define astrology as the science of stars. Others say that it is the art by which
thefutureofmancanbeknown.Itmayalsobedefinedas"thephilosophyofdiscoveringand
analyzingpastimpulsesandfutureactionsofbothindividualsandnations"inthelightof
planetary configurations. Astrology explains life's reactions to planetary vibrations. In Sanskrit, it
iscalledHoraSastraorJyotishaortheScienceofTime. Allthesedefinitionsdonotconveya
correct idea of the subject. It is much more than a science. It is a science of the sciences, the key
to all knowledge. It is the knowledge that links man to nature and establishes that order regins
supremeinlifeandthatchanceandaccidenthavenoplace.Astrologycanbedefinedasthe
scienceofcorrelationofastronomicalfactswithterrestrialevents.Thecelestialbodiesare
conspicuousbythepresenceofsupremeorderintheirrevolutions.Whilethisisthecasecould
chaosexistontheearthanditsphenomena? Astrology gavetheanswerthatbyjuxtapositionof
celestialorderwithterrestrialphenomena,thepossibilityofmakingprognosticationscouldnot
be doubted. When an apparent effect is the resultant of a cause, then astrology becomes a symbol
ofmeasurement.Theeffectofacauseisexpressedintermsofwhatwemaycallplanetary
influences.
Astrologyisprimarilyconcernedwiththeapplicationofcosmiclawstoterrestrial
phenomenaingeneralandmaninparticular.Hencepureobjectivesciencecannotlaydownthe
law for astrology which deals with a different sphere of experience. Much less can it deny its
very subject-matter orits relevance for human life or place inhuman culture which isconcerned
inthelastresortwiththeartoflife,utilizingeveryfacetofexperiencederivedfromobjective
nature and its effect on human life.
Astrology resembleshistory inanessential respectas ascience.History isthescience of
human eventsinthepast, ascertained andinterpretedinaccordance withtestedmethodssuch as
those of observation, testimony, examination of MSS, coins, historical monuments, documents,
etc. Themethodisscientificinthesenseof beingmethodicalandsystematic,usingverification
whereverpossible.Interpretationuseshumanpsychology—themotivationsofhistorical
personages and of the probabilities in the conduct of masses of men.
Experimental verification in the sense that it is possible in a chemical laboratory is not of
course possible in history nor even in contemporary sociology, for human beings cannot be
experimenteduponlikeguineapigs(thoughitmaysometimesbeattemptedinatotalitarian
system of Government). Verification is possible in astrology to the extent it is possible in history
and sociology.
 
For instance, astrology reveals correspondences between the afflictions of Mars in a
man'shoroscopeandhisbodilyillnessoranafflictionofSaturninthe12thhouseis
accompanied by deafness or ear troubles. Similarly eye diseases appear in a man simultaneously
with afflictions in certain stars in his horoscope — Jyeshta or Antares.
Sometimes doubters in astrology go further and ask how such correspondences can be
true.
The sense that such correspondences or effects of distant planetary bodies on human lives
areimpossibleandcontrary,tonature,oracceptedviewofnature,andofthecosmos,restson
unconsciously accepted assumptions about their nature and about the relations between them.
Butthisassumptionisarbitrary.Thereisnoreasonwhytherealinwardnessoftheheavenly
bodies — planets and stars — and their mutual relations and their impact on human life and
destinyshouldresemblethethingsandrelationsofordinaryexperience—stocksandstones.
The ancients must have discovered the effects of planets on man by two methods, viz., intuition
and observation. The first according to the sages is definitely more trustworthy. Intuition,
introspection or divyadrishti is an individual experience or perception or a faculty which the
ancient Maharshishad acquireddueto theiraustereand morallives andby thepractice ofyoga.
Bertrand Russel considers that "introspection is valid as a source of data, and is to a considerable
extent amenable to scientific controls". Intuition transcends intellect. According to Jung,
"intuitionisakindofinstinctiveappreciationirrespectiveofthenatureofitscontents. Through
intuition any one content is presented as a complete whole. Intuitive cognition possesses an
intrinsic nature of certainty and conviction which enabled Spinoza to uphold the Scientia
Intuitiva as the highest form of cognition." Patanjali suggests in his famous Yoga Sutras that the
Yogi,afterreachingacertainplaneofspiritualattainment,canestablishdirectcommunionwith
the different planetary bodies and perceive their mysteries without the aid of mechanical
contrivances.
Observationmusthaveplayeditspartequallywell.Thesagesmusthavenotedthe
individual and collective events in the lightof recurrence of certain planetary configurations, the
psychological reactionsofdifferent types ofpeople tocertainplanetary combinations.Hundreds
of years of such observationsmust have convinced thesages that the birthin certain signs ofthe
zodiac would confer certain definite psychological and physical traits. The planets, the signs and
the zodiac became merely a symbol rendering possible the application of the laws of periodicity
to individual and national lives.
Thetruthofastrologyhasalsobeenestablishedbystatisticalmethods.AsBertrand
Russel says, "Statistics ideally are accurate laws about large groups; they differ from other laws
onlyinbeingaboutgroups,notaboutindividuals."Statisticallyitcanbeshownthatseveral
 
astrological combinationsare corroborated.It willbe seen thatsome of thegreatest thinkersand
intellectualsofallageshaveendorsedthetruthofastrology,andhaveconsultedtheir
horoscopes. The bard of Avon puts the following words into the mouth of King Lear: —
"It is the stars, the stars above us govern our condition."
Evenmorestrikingishisflairforastrologichumor.Hemakesadisgruntledplayerto
complain:
"It is impossiblethat anything should be asI would have it;for I was born, Sir,when the
Crab was ascending; and all my affairs go backwards."
Dante'sastrologyiswritteninmajesticmeasure.Wefollowhimintothevastnessof
space:
"... I saw The sign that follows Taurus, and was in it.
Oh glorious stars ! Oh light impregnated
With mighty virtues, from which I acknowledge
All of my genius whatsoe'er it be,
With you was born, and hid himself with you
He who is father of all mortal life,
When first I tasted of the Tuscan air;
And then when grace was freely given to me
To enter the high wheel which turns you round
Your region was allotted unto me."
22
23
"ForDanteastrologywasthenoblestofthesciences,"writesH.FlandersDunbar."For
Dante," she continues, "the principle of individualization is theinfluence of planets and stars, or,
more accurately, of the intelligences by which they are moved. The ego, created directly by God,
in its connection with the body comes under stellar influence, and at birth is stamped like wax by
a seal. All impressions from the stars are good, since there is no lovableness that doesnot reflect
thelovablenessofGod.Itistheharmonizingandproportioningofthesegoodqualitiesintheir
truerelationshipsthatmakethisorthatpersonmoreorlessperfect.Itislikelythatthemodern
reader, with his over-simple conception astrology, will lose much of the meaning of Dante......
Astrology was both more complicated and more scientific in the method than the familiar birth-
month pamphlets suggest."
Goethe commits himself in no uncertain terms to both the theory and practice of
astrology.Hebeginshisautobiographythus:"Onthe28thofAugust1749,atmidday,asthe
clock struck twelve, I came into the world, at Frankfort-on-the-Maine. The aspect of the stars
waspropitious;theSunstoodinthesignoftheVirgin,andhadculminatedfortheday;Jupiter
22
Paradise, Canto XXII, see Hungad's A Brief History of Astrology
23
Symbolism in Medieval Thought.
 
 
 
and Venuslookedonwithafriendlyeye,andMercurynotadversely;theattitudeofSaturnand
Mars was neutral; the Moonalone, justfull, exertedall the moreas herpower of oppositionhad
justreachedherplanetaryhour.She,therefore,resistedmybirthwhichcouldnotbe
accomplished until this hour was passed. These auspicious aspects which the astrologers
subsequently interpreted very favorably for me may have been the causes of my preservation."
ManlyP. Hallobservesthus:'Letussupposeforamomentthatthebiographiesofgreat
menweretobewrittenbyscientists.Thefollowingmightbeaneat,briefandconservative
treatise upon the subject, Abraham Lincoln: 'Abraham Lincoln, class mammalian, species homo
sapiens, was a body occupying place which integrated in 1809 and disintegrated in 1865. This
bodywaspresumablycomposedofapproximatelythefollowingelements:Oxygen 65percent,
carbon18percent,hydrogen10percent,nitrogen3percent,calcium2percent,phosphorus1
percent,theremaining1percentbeingmadeupofsmallquantitiesofpotassium,sodium,
chlorine, magnesium, iron, iodine, fluorine and silicon. The type is peculiar to the planet earth.'
"ThisdescriptionoftheGreatEmancipator,thoughhighlyscientificandtruetofact,
nevertheless passes beyond the vanishingpoint of unimportance. Thereal Abraham Lincoln was
anintellectualenergy,amoralforce,acourageousspirit,whoselifeandworksprofoundly
influenced the course of civilization. Physicists might compute his specific gravity for ever and
yet never discover Abraham Lincoln, the Man.
"In harmony with thisviewpoint, wemighthazard thespeculationthat astronomers have
not yet 'discovered' the intelligent universe. Though every element in cosmos be found and
classified,thecosmositselfmay stillremain unknown.IfastronomerssaythatJupiterisamass
of gases, they but state a truth equally applicable to man. Yet, the average savant would scarcely
rejoice insuchadefinition ofhimself.Hewould rather insistthathis moleculesand atomshave
conspired to create a genius.
"It is quite scientific topresume thatthe universebestowed allits intelligenceupon man,
leavingnothingbutthemechanicalqualitiesofrotationandrevolutiontobedistributedamong
thesuns,moonsandstars—thatraceofgiantswhichpopulatesthefirmament?Ifhuman
behavior is intelligent, why is not universal behavior intelligent? If an insignificant mass of
atomsonthisearthcouldproducethatPrometheansoulofAbrahamLincoln,whyshouldnota
greater mass of atoms in the sky engender a still vaster spirit? If no evidence of divine
intelligence can be discovered in the chemical composition of the stars, it may be said with equal
truththatnoevidenceofhumanintelligencecanbediscoveredinthechemicalcompositionof
man. The ancient pagan belief that the stars were the bodies of Great beings replete with wisdom,
whocouldbeproperlyregardedas"divine",isnomoreunreasonableorinconsistentwith
sciencethantomaintainthathydrogenandoxygen,togetherwiththirteen otherelements,when
 
combinedintheformofacollegeprofessor,arecapableofpropoundingadvancedproblemsin
calculus.
"If, then, astrology postulates the heavenly bodies to be foci of intellectual energy, it
claims nothing more unreasonable for the stars than that which is evident in man himself. By his
benevolence or despotism, a single man can change the moral temper of civilization. History has
demonstratedthatamanmayhaveaninfluencefarbeyondthatwhichwouldseemconsistent
with the measure of his stature or its physical displacement. Furthermore, this personal force will
communicate itself to future generations and continue as a dynamic impulse long after the man
himselfhasbeendissipated.Likewisethesiderealbodies,aspartsofuniversalharmonyor
equilibrium,asfactorsinabalancedscheme,andmodesofbehaviorcertainlyconstitutea
heavenlyenvironment,eachcontributingitsphysicalraytotherestandreceivingintoitselfthe
moral electricity of brothers spheres".
Lawrence J. Benditt, an M.D. of Cambridge University and Phoebe D. Payne have argued
that
24
"wearefacedeitherwiththefactthattheextraordinarily accuratereadingsofastrological
mapswithouttheastrologereverhavingseenthepersonarepurelypsychicorintuitive,orelse
withamysterywhichgoesdeepdownintothequestionoftherelationshipofmanwiththe
seemingobjectiveworld,whetherasshownintheheavensorthemoremundanesphereof
everyday contacts. The fact, nevertheless, remains that even orthodox psychologists, some with a
prejudiceagainstsuchseeminglyfantasticnotions,havefoundthemselvesforcedtorealizethat
anexpertastrologercanbeofveryrealvalueinassessingthetypeandcapacityofaperson
whosehoroscopehehasmade.Hecan,forinstance,predictsuchthingsaswhethertwopeople
arelikelytofindmarriageeasyordifficult,creativeorfrustrating,whetherthereisacritical
phase of life pending, and how the person concerned can best deal with it".
Tyrellbelieves
25
"thatnotonlyastrology,buttheoccultgenerally,isanobscurepointer
toanaspectoftheuniverseabove,andbeyond,thespatiotemporal;Casualframeworkandthe
worldofsenseperceptiononwhichsciencehashithertoreliedinitsattemptstodescribethe
objective universe".
24
This World and That: Chap, XI.
25
The Nature of Human Personality.
 
 
 
IV
PLANETS AND MAN
Doplanetsinfluenceman?ThereadercanfindanexhaustiveanswerinProf.B.
Suryanarain Rao's Introduction to Astrology, a masterpiece within its restricted scope. I shall
only attempt to show that planets do influence terrestrial affairs. When the earth is called into its
presentshapeby thesolarinfluences,whereisthelogicofsuggestingthatbodiesonitssurface
arenotaffectedbythem?Atriflingchangeinweatherthroughsolarcausesbringsneuralgia,
headache, bronchitis, sore eyes, fever, smallpox, cholera, dysentery, plague and a host of other
diseases too numerous to detail. War mania is a striking illustration of planetary influences. Our
temperandmoodsdependuponthesecretionsofductlessglands.Fearisamatterofendocrine
secretions;indecisionisamatterofthymus;geniusisamatterofthyroid.Sun'scyclesof
behaviorhavetheircorrespondingeffects ontheseglandsandtheirsecretionsandconsequently
onhumanbehavior.Eachindividualcellofourbodyisalivingintelligententity;cellsgroup
according to the law of affinity and form tissue, the tissues form organs, each organ performing a
function,allinterdependenttoaconsiderableextent.Thuseveryorganhas'intelligence',being
composedofcellsthatknowwhattodoandhowtodoit,anditistheintentionofNaturethat
they shall perform their work perfectly, unless they meet interference — the principle of which is
wrongsuggestion. A beingbecomescognizantofstimulibythefacultiesofperceptionthough
the five senses, the main one of which is probably the sense of feeling. Feeling has a larger range
than any of the other faculties. Not only can objective things be sensed by touch, but we can also
feel invisible elements such as heat, cold and planetary vibrations. Planetary vibrations of
varying character are continually exerting an influence which is taken up by our sensory nerves
with the resulting bodily reactions, mental attitudes and moods. Therefore it is possible that solar,
lunarandstellarenergiessupplythecellsthroughthemediaofthenerves,theirmotivity.
Different planetary vibrations — astrologically designated as yogas or aspects — supply
different sensory stimuli, according as the vibrations differ in wavelengths intensity, frequency,
etc.
Amongst the researches of scientists who have studied the effects of sunspots and cosmic
raysonhumanlifeandtherebyacceptedthebasicprinciplesofastrology,themostoutstanding
are those of the Russian biologist and physicist Prof. Georges Lakhovsky. He was perhaps the
firstmodernscientisttoopenlystatehisbeliefthatradiationsfromstarsandplanetscanaffect
the future destiny of an individual at conception and birth. This reminds us of the great theory of
theMaharshisabouttheimportanceof AdhanaLagnaorconceptiontime.Ifwillbenotedthat
Varahamihirapropounded this truthtwothousandyears agowhenEuropean civilizationwas yet
 
to be born. Professor Lakhovsky observes thus in his book Le Grand Problem: "It is not without
reason that the sages of antiquity intuitively attached great importance to the position of the stars
intheskyatthemomentofbirth,fornotonlydotheradiationsfromthesestarsexercisean
influence on the animal and human embryo but, since all substance, living or inert, is constituted
of electrons which are materialized radiations, the formation of all organic beings on earth
depends directly on the influence of these radiations on the human egg at the moment of
conception."Inotherwords,Prof.Lakhovskyhasshownthatcosmicradiationspouringonthe
earth from outer space and coming from various stars and planets "act on the chromosomes of
the cell nuclei which are cosmo-electrical resonators, absorb and take up these cosmic radiations,
which are transformed into vital electricity and that mysterious force we call life. And in a
similarmannerhethinksthatbraincellsthroughantennae-likeprojectionsabsorbstellarand
planetary radiations just as radio antennae absorb radio waves."
According to Prof. Lakhovsky, "the gametes of the fertilized egg, which compose the
chromosomes that determine hereditary characteristics, are altered to a specific wavelength at the
timeofconceptionandarecapableofenteringresonancewiththeradiationsofthesame
vibratoryratecomingfromanotherplanetorstar."Consequently,observestheprofessor,"the
ultra-microscopic field of force, constituted by the combination of the gametes (in the fertilized
egg)canenterintoresonancewithradiationscomingfromplanetsandstarshavingthesame
oscillatorycharacter.Thisradiationcouldverywellcomefromanindividualwhodiedten,
twenty,ahundred,athousandorevenamillionyearsbeforeonanothercelestialbody,which
harmonized with the ultra-microcosmic field of the gametes and which animates the egg,
communicating its aptitudes, qualities and intellectual faults to the newly formed being." Here is
much food for reflection when a scientist presents the revolutionary theory that the human being,
from the moment of conception, is molded by inpouring radiations from celestial bodies and that
the destiny of the living organism is biologically sealed at birth.
TheSunisaddressedintheVedasasthesouloftheuniverse.HeisthevisibleGod.
Without Sun's heat and light nothing could exist in the world even for a single second.
Varahamihira calls the Sun as Kalatma or the Soul of Time because Time exists only on account
of the Sun. In fact, the Sun is the fountain-head ofthe life-force. The Sun's power is the cause of
the cyclic motions of the earth and other planets. Sanskrit sciences call him as Thrayee Thanu or
the three-souled as He is held to be the cause of bringing into existence, sustaining and finally
destroying all terrestrial phenomena. Bhoutikasutras give different names to the Sun each
connoting the nature of one of the aspects of His work in the Scheme of evolution. For instance,
one of the names suggested in Bhoutikasutras isMartanda.Thisisfullofmeaning.Maharshi
Gobila says that Martanda implies the lending of the Power of dissolution to the universe at the
 
time of Pralaya or annihilation and as the Sunis responsible for this, he would be the instrument
of destruction and is therefore styled Martanda. Science has been seeking to unravel the mystery
oftheprocessesoccurringontheSun. Acloserstudyofwhatareknownas'cosmicrays' would
seem tohold outpromise ofreward. The secret ofthe cosmic rays willprobably be foundin the
Sun,andSciencewillthenbeforcedtoadmitwhatthegreatMaharshishavebeenproclaiming
allthesethousandsofyearsthattherealsecretoftheuniverseliesintheSun.TheSunisalso
called Savita. Somasambhu a commentator of Bhoutika-sutras, opines that "Suvanti" is a life-
forcewhichjoinsallobjectsinnature,createslife-activityandhelpscreation.Allobjectsin
nature gain chaitanya or activity through Suvanti and since the Sun has this property in him, he is
called Savita. We do not propose to enlarge upon this subject any more in this book.
The planets however are merely reflectors or transmitters of light and solar energy. The
solarandplanetaryrays—radio-likewaves—affectbiologicalandpsychologicalprocesses.
Theraysofinfluenceareunseenvibrations.Theyarenotperceptibletothephysicaleyes.
Human sight has its limitations. It can observe things only that are vibrating between
481,000,000,000 and 764,000,000,000 vibrations per second. Therefore the rays of influence can
becognizedbyothersenses andmeans.Infact,theassignmentofastrologicalnaturesand
characteristicstoplanetsseemstohavebeenbaseduponthevibrationstheory.Forinstance,the
vibrationsofSaturnareslow,hencethingsofacorrespondingnatureareattributedtohim. At
first thought perhaps wefind it difficult to believe in any direct influence betweenourselves and
the stars. But we must not lose sight of the fact that we arein electrical contact with the celestial
bodies whose chemistry is ever changing. It is possible to calculate mathematically the attraction,
say between Sun and the Earth. "Let M
1
, and M
2
represent the masses of the two celestial bodies;
D, the distance between them; and C, the gravitational constant, and equal to 1.069*10
9
poundals." The mass of the Sun is 1.9*10
27
tons;thedistancebetweenthetwobodiesis
9.282*10
7
miles. Therefore the force of attraction between them is equal to
M
1
*M
2
*C/D
2
= (1.9*10
27
*2240)* (5.87*10
21
)*160*10
9
/(9.282*10
7
*5280)
2
*320.19 = N/D = X
Therefore, X = 3,454,100,000,000,000,000 tons. Such then is the magnitude of the
attractionbetweentheSunandtheEarth.Thisforcewhichisinthenatureofastressortidal
action is perpetually at work.
I shallnowquotefromMr.ArnoldMeyer:
26
"So gradually do we become accustomed to
these changes brought about by the tidal forces from day-to-day that they would perhaps escape
26
27 Astrology's Place in the World of Science.
 
 
ournoticealtogether,sofarastheSunisconcerned,wereitnotforthefactthatweare
occasionally'caughtout'asitwerebytheactionofthespringtides,whichsuddenlyoverflow
and flood our public buildings at high tide on the Thames.
"The reason for this is that when the Sun and the Moon are in conjunction they are both
concentrating their forces on the same part of the globe at the same time; this, added together,
accountsfortheabnormalconditions.Undernormalconditions,thereisalwaysahightideat
London fifty minutes after the Moon has passed the meridian, i.e., the position the Sun occupies
everyday at noon, Greenwich time.
"Sinceastrologydealsmoreparticularlywiththeeffectsofheavenlybodiesupon
mankind, it does not require much imagination to appreciate the fact that this conjunction of the
Sun and the Moon does definitely affect a childborn during conditions of this nature. For within
ourownbodies,wehaveinnumerableglandswhoseworkisthesecretionofhormones.These
areforeveradjustingthemselvesinharmonywithourchemicallychangingenvironment
without, and are responsible for our emotions, desires, mental balance, rate of growth, and length
of life on this planet."
Mr. Arnold Meyer is fortunately not an 'astrologer' but a scientist and a member of the
British Association for the Advancement of Science and author of The Circulation of Matter,
Electrons and Stars. Therefore we have to attach some weight to his statements.
According toDr. V Gore,
27
"It is but common-sense to say that the planetary positions of
the Sun and the Moon which affect the sea-water causing tides are bound to affect all the store of
fluids on the surface of the earth or contained in vegetable kingdom or in human beings.
"Thebloodisnotonly afluidbutcontains thesamesaltsthataredissolvedinthe ocean
andthattoopracticallyinthesameproportion.Itcontainsnearly80%sodium,4%calciumand
4%potassium.Thepercentagewithrespecttomagnesiumvaries.Thissimilaritybetweenthe
composition of salts in blood and in sea-water is not accidental. Life has its origin in the sea and
theearth'searlyhistoryisoneofthesealifeandassuchitshouldbesusceptibletothesame
influence of the Moon and the Sun.
"Hindu astrologers have given predictions for each day of the lunar month. For the eighth
day, that is when the Sun and the Moon are 90° apart they have said Ashtamayam
Vyadhinashastu or Ashtami Vyadhi Nashini. That is the eighth day removes the disease or cures
theailments.OnthisdaytheSunandtheMoon,being90°apart,diminisheachother's
attractionsonthefluids.Thebloodinthehumanbeingsremainsthuscomparativelyinan
undisturbedstatefromtheoutsideinfluencesandanymedicinenewlystartedonthisdayis
bound to be more effective if it is properly chosen and that is why there is the importance of this
27
Astrology, Destiny and Cosmic Factors.
 
 
day it being Vyadhinashini.
"Is this not common-sense to use astronomical observations in physiography with respect
to physiology and hygiene? and so if the astrologers claim that transits of planets at a particular
time affect the human thoughts or conduct, health and everything that matters then, where is the
lie and why astrology should be ridiculed!"
Ifouractivities,physiologicalandpsychological,areregulatedbyglandularsecretions
which intheirturnare conditioned by chemicalchangesoccurring innature,thenit followsthat
sincethechemicalchangesarebroughtaboutbyplanetaryradiation,manisaffectedbysuch
electric discharges.
From a gravitational and tidal point of view, the forces of attraction existing between the
earth and a few planets are as follows: —
Moon... 20,185,000,000,000,000 tons
Jupiter... 138,900,000,000,000 tons
Venus... 138,250,000,000,000 tons
At a modest estimate, the energy received by the earth from the Sun is about
127,000,000,000,000 h.p. The Sun radiates an incomprehensible amount of energy — nearly
2,200,000,000 timesas muchenergy asthatwhichlightsandwarmsandgiveslifetoour planet
andhundredsofmillionsoftimesasmuchenergyasisinterceptedbyalltheplanets,satellites,
etc., combined.In otherwords,if,theoutputofsolarenergy, intermsofunitsis2,200,000,000,
thentheearthreceivesonlyoneunitandthisinfinitesimallysmallquantityofsolarenergy
shoulders the responsibility of creating, protecting and destroying the entire terrestrial
phenomena.SuchisthegrandeurofthegloriousSunandwhatwondertheancientscalledhim
Jagat Chakshu and Karmasakshi. Thus will be seen the magnitude of attractions between the
earthandtheplanetsisindeedtremendous. Thismustbecontinuallyvaryingduetotheplanets
continually varying distances from the Sun and from one another. Consequently, the influence of
planetsupon mankindisundoubted. In ahoroscope,theSun, theMoonandthe Lagnarepresent
thesoul,themindandthebody respectively ofanindividual. TheSunmay bevisualizedasthe
dispenserofthevariouscosmicmatter,andtheMoonasthemixerofthismatter,whilethe
Lagnamaybetakenasacatalyticagent.Theotherplanetsare,ofcourse,symbolsfor
interpretingthesecosmicinfluences.HowcloseisouraffinitywiththeSun,whosechemical
elements have spectroscopically been-shown not only to be one and the same elements as our
surroundings here on earth, but actually identical with those found in our own bodies. To put it
differently, the ultimate particles of our own body are definitely a part of the Sun itself.
Recent studies of scientists in America and elsewhere have revealed that the sunspots and
solar radiations do influence biological behavior.
 
Sunspots have been observed over many years and they are found to vary in number with
aperiodwhoseaveragelengthis11.1years.Varahamihirahadmadeconsiderablestudyofthis
phenomenon as could be seen from his famous Brihat Samhita. Modern authorities conclude as a
result of researches that "the existing abnormal changes which we call weather have their origin
mainly in the variations of solar radiations". Many places on earth show more rainfall during
sunspotmaximathanduringsunspotminima:Stetsonremarksthus:"Itisthe23-yearperiod
whichDr. Abottbelievesisparticularlyimportantinweatherandclimateforecasts;theUnited
Statesisnownearingthecloseofaperiodofconsiderabledrought which,accordingtohisbest
estimate,willnotreturnuntiltheyear1975.Hebaseshispredictionontwicethesolarcycle in
recordsofbothsolaractivityandweather.Hefindsthisdoubleperiodparticularlyimportantto
precipitation."
We have all heard of ultra-violet and infra-red radiation, etc. Light that is visible to the
human eye consists of corpuscles, or perhaps it is wave motion; in any case it is vibrating at
different speeds and corning to us in different wavelengths according to that part of the spectrum
wechoose.
28
"Visible lightincludes wavelengthsoffromabout7,700Angstromunits,
(abbreviated "A°") which is the limit at the red end, to 3,600 A°, the limit at the violet end.
Beyond the red in the spectrum, the long waves are invisible to us but are appreciable as heat
waves, andarecalledthe infra-red. Ifthewavesbe shorterthan3,600 A°, theyare intheregion
of the ultra-violet. However, the human eye varies in range, and some cannot see rays as short as
3,600 A° northoseaslongas7,700 A°. Thetrueultra-violetcompriseswavesfrom3,600 A°to
below100A°.TheAngstromisametricunitoflengthandis1/10,000,000millimeter,a
millimeter being about 1/25 inch.
"The Sun contains infra-red, visible and ultraviolet rays, but as to the short-wave side,
there is a layer of ozone in the atmosphere, that cuts out all rays shorter than 2,900 A°.
"It is fortunate that most of the ultra-violet light (properly radiation, as 'light' would be
visible radiation)isabsorbed by thethinlayer ofozoneintheatmosphereabout25 miles above
thesurface.Forifitwerenotfortheozoneprotection,animalsandplantswouldsufferuntold
harm, unless perhaps they became adapted to the much greater volume of this light. As
conditions are, wesay that'just enough'ultra-violet penetratesto help tokeep uswell anddo no
realdamage.Raysharmingtheeyesarethoseshorterthan3,050 A°,thosehavingthegreatest
value on the skin extend from 2,900 to 3,130 A°, and the beneficial effects are connected with
the production ofvitamin D. Tanning effects arenature's way ofprotecting thehuman race from
too much of the ultra-violet radiation because with deepening of skin color the rays are absorbed
and changed to heat rays, and do not penetrate. Certain of the ultra-violet rays are distinctly
28
Hugh Rice in American Astrology, 1942.
 
 
bactericidal, notably those form 2,380 to 2,490 A°. These are actually 'death rays' to bacteria."
Thequestionis,doestheultra-violetcontentvarywiththesunspotcycle? Astronomers
havefoundthatitdoesvary;occasionally as muchas30%.Withtheincreaseofsunspots,there
is a low point: at least there is a fairly close agreement. We do not infer that the ultra-violet light
comesdirectlyfromthesunspotsbutasStetsonsays:"Itseemsentirelypossiblethatsuch
changes as take place in the Sun — that result in its producing more ultraviolet light — so stir up
the solar atmosphere that sunspots are naturally concomitant circumstances."
29
"Plantlifeisanothereffect thatcanbetracedtotheSun. Tree ringshavebeenstudied
foryears,especiallybyDouglassoftheUniversityofArizona.Atree-ringpattern,withits
narrow or wide spacing between the rings, indicates the state of the climate during the tree's
growth. By this means, weather can be traced back over 3,200 years. Since trees are affected by
rainfall or the lack of it, sunspot periods are then related to periods of rain or drought. Where the
ringsarecrowded,adryseasonisinferred;similarlywherefarapart,aseasonofplentifulrain.
Notallinvestigatorsagreethattree growthasseenfromtheringscanbecorrelatedwith
sunspots, yet based on data of Douglass, it is easily noticed that they do show more growth
during years of greatest sunspots.
"The quality of light and its quantity have in the main a three-fold effect on plants: (a) the
intensity must be right. Chlorophyll, the green pigment, must have enough sunlight to form, but
too intense a light is destructive; (b) the number of hours per day that a plant is exposed to light
partly governs its growth, for different plants are sensitive to different lengths of daylight; (c) the
wavelengthorcoloroflighthasanimportanteffect.Someneedraysofthelongendofthe
spectruminordertogrow.Itisacomplicatedmatterbutsomedayweshallknowmuchmore
about it. If the cycle of solar disturbance changes the quality of sunlight very likely the growth of
at least some plants is likewise altered; quality of sunshine is thought to be really important
factor (italics ours).
"Somegoodscientistsholdthatthereisnothingatallintheclaimthatbusiness,
manufactures, industry, etc., are all related to solar periodicities; on the other hand, certain well-
knownscientistshavefoundapositivecorrelation.ProfessorHuntingtonofYale,oneofthe
world'sleadinggeographers,believesthatsolarvariationshavetheirresultsonthehealthand
behaviorofman.Stetsonhasfoundthatbusinessactivity,productionofautomobiles,building
contracts, and other things of this nature have followed sunspots in fluctuations during the last
fewyears.Hebelievesthatthehypothesisthatsunspotsaffectbusinessiswellonitswayto
being proved, and that further investigations should confirm the idea."
ReadersareawarethattheHindusenjoinedcertainrestrictionsinregardtofood,etc.,a
29
Hugh Rice in American Astrology. 1942.
 
 
few hours prior to the actual occurrence of an eclipse and during the duration of the eclipse; for
theMoonwouldscreenoffcorpusclesstreamingfromtheSunat100milespersecondandthe
effectwouldbesomesortofcorpuscularshadowandtheearthwouldfeeltheeffectofthis
corpuscularshadowsometwohourspriortothearrivalofthe'lightshadow'.Recentstudiesin
connection with radio signals reveals a relatively low ionization density at the time of the
corpuscular eclipse, a condition which does not show itself on the day before or on the day after.
Itisthereforepossiblethatelectricaldisturbancestakingplaceattimesofsunspotactivityhave
someeffectonthedelicatefibersofournervesandbraincells,resultinginachangeofour
temperament and behavior.
Amongst the villagers in India, it is still an old belief that trees should not be cut near the
timeoftheNewMoonforthenthesapwilldryquickly.ThattheMoonhasaninfluenceon
plantshasbeenshownbyDr.L.Kolisko.Shehasshownthroughexperimentsconductedfor
over nine years that the maximum growth of wheat corresponded with the period of the
increasingMoonjustafterthesummersolsticeandthat"maizewasfoundtogrowbestwhen
planted two days before Full Moon". Experiments conducted with other vegetables revealed to
her a more or less similar correspondence, thus proving the astrological theory of planetary
influences on vegetable life.
Gold is always associated with the Sun. In fact one of the names for the Sun is
'Hiranyagarbha'. Dr. Kolisko has even shown the influences of planets on metals. Her
experimentswereasfollows.
30
"A 1% solution of the (metallic) salt or salts to be studied was
placed in an open vessel and a cylinder of filter-paper was left standing in it until all the solution
had been absorbed by capillary attraction. A 'picture' was thus formed upon the filter-paper which
showed that each solution had its characteristic forms and colors. Gold chloride showed
consistentlythesameformsandthesamecheerfulyellowcolorexceptduringaneclipseofthe
Sun, when the forms were spoilt and the color changed to purple."
31
PhysicistMaurice Allennotedatthetimeofsolareclipseon2-6-1954thatattheexact
moment of the eclipse the pendulum's level of oscillation changed suddenly. His explanation was
there must be a cosmic force which the Moon screens from us.
AccordingtoMeki Takataof Toho University,Tokyo,theindexofflocculationofblood
suddenlyriseswhentheSundirectsaconcentratedbeamofwavesonearth.Dr.Takatafound
thatduringtotalsolareclipse,astheMoonbeginstocovertheSuntheflocculationindexstarts
todeclinereachingitslowestpointwhentheeclipsewascomplete.Takataconcedes,"manisa
living sun dial".
30
Astrology in Everyday Life by Rupert Gleadow.
31
For further details reference may be made to Mrs. Kolisko's work Agriculture of Tomorrow.
 
 
 
That planets influence epidemics is beyond dispute.
32
"Whilst the germ theory about
which so much fuss is made by the modern pathologist is an assumption of the causes of the
existenceofwhichwehavenoevidencetoaccountfor,thefrequencyofthecoincidenceof
volcanic eruptions and earthquakes with the outbreaks of epidemics, tends to support the
hypothesisofplanetaryactionbeingtheexcitingcauseofallthesephenomena—therapidand
extremeprostrationofmuscularstrength,averyearlysymptom,togetherwithexcruciating
headache,seemstopointtoelectricalchangesbeingintimatelyassociatedwithinfluenzaand
these changes in electrical condition of the atmosphere are due to planetary action."
Professor Tchijevsky has concluded,
33
"that epidemics of influenza have an average
periodofapproximately11.3years,whichisthesameasthesunspotperiodandamongother
things that the first wave of a new epidemic of influenza may be expected about three years after
every sunspotmaximum."Hisresearchesenabled him topredictin 1930theinfluenzaepidemic
of1936.Varahamihirahasdealtwiththeastrologicalcausesforepidemicsandplagueinhis
Brihat Samhita and this clearly implies some sort of correspondence between certain celestial
phenomena and the various types of diseases. It looks as though the investigations of the Russian
Professor Tchijevsky, extending over a good many years during which he took into consideration
alltheimportantepidemicsandplaguessincethe15thcenturyhavemerelyconfirmedthe
ancient astrological principles. His conclusions are: (a) Epidemicssuchasinfluenzahavean
average period of 11.3 years — same as the sunspot period.
(b) The first wave of the epidemic generally occurs about three years after every sunspot
maxima.
(c) And the "virulence of micro-organisms varies in direct relation to the electrical
tension of the atmosphere".
Tchijevskihasalsoshownbymeansofcorrelationcurvesremarkablecoincidenceof
sunspotphenomenawiththeoccurrenceofrevolutions,wars,strikes,agitations,programs
againstJewsinRussia,lynchingsinU.S.A.andpopulationmigrations.Dr.Tchijevskihasalso
established an incidence of correlation between sunspot maxima and cardiovascular troubles.
Just like influenza, the peak periods of measles, plague, cholera and other epidemics have
also some sort of relation to the sunspots and other periodicities. In reference to the periodicity of
measles, we commend the following from
34
Dr. John Brownbe's paper.
"The conclusions which may be based on the results of this investigation cannot in the
presentstateofknowledgebecompletelyformulated.Muchmorespadeworkisrequiredbefore
the relative importance of the different factors at work can be accurately gauged. It seems to be
32
A Text-Book of Astrology by Dr. A. J. Pearce.
33
Astrology in Everyday Life by Rupert Gleadow.
34
Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society — 208.
 
 
 
 
proved however that epidemics of measles tend to recur with a regular periodicity which persists
often for a long series of years. A great variety in the length of these periods has been found to
exist, the shortestperiod foundbeing that ofone yearin Paris andthe longestthat ofthree years
in Dundee, Scotland. Any but a biological explanation of these phenomena seems to be
untenable, and the facts further seem to prove that the periodicity is infinitely more probably due
to such changes as may easily constitute the life-cycle of an inflicting organism rather than the
periodic changes in the susceptibility of the host. It is not unusual for the complete life-history of
the measles organisms to correspond almost exactly with a multiple of the solar year (italics
ours),initselfasuggestivecoincidence,butevenifthishasbeendulyallowedfor,something
remainswhichrequiresfurther analysis." Herewhatinterestsusmostasstudentsofastrologyis
the suggested coincidence between the life-history of the measles organism and a multiple of the
solaryear.Theword'coincidence'iseitheracloaktoconcealone'signoranceofrealfactsora
deliberate intention to ignore the real cause of a certain phenomenon. When there is a series of
coincidencesbetweenpeak
35
yearsofdeathsfromanepidemicandcertainvariationsinsolar
energy (which in its turn could only be brought about by variations in the movements of planets
withreferencetotheSunandthemselves),thenitcanbesafelysaidthatsomesortofalaw
exists whereby the next period when the epidemic would recur could be easily anticipated. This
is astrology pure and simple.
Studentsofastrologyknowthatmeasles,smallpox,etc.,areassociatedwiththeplanet
Mars. The tropical year of Mars is 1.88 which is the mean average of its perigee. Whenever Mars
makeshisclosestapproachtothe'earth'martianepidemicsshouldmanifest'.Drs.Faureand
Sardouhavefoundoutbyindependentobservationsthat84%ofthepassagesofsunspotsover
themeridianoftheSuncorrespondedtoaworseningoftheirpatients.Thesunspotmaxima
correspondswithJupiter'scyclesalsobecauseJupitergoesroundtheheavensonceinabout12
years. Thismay well suggestthat thesunspots are causedby Jupiter'spull asis evidentfrom the
periodicity of epidemics. In September 1880, Jupiter was at perihelion (or closest to the Sun); the
sunspotmaximumin1883and1881witnessedthemaximumofspinalmeningitis.Againthe
samediseasereached itsmaximum inU.S.A.in1893(Jupiteratperihelion-July1892,sunspot
maximum1803):in1904-5(Jupiteratperihelion,June1904—sunspotmaximum(1905)and
1917-18 (Jupiter at perihelion in April 1916 and sunspot maximum 1916).
Whenmodernscientistsnotethecoincidencebetweenthesunspotactivitiesduringthe
revolutioninFranceinabout1789,1830,1848and 1870,inRussiain 1906and1917,inSpain
in 1937 and Hungary in 1956 with mass upheavals, when the increase in corpuscular radiation
from the Sun hadincreased effect on human movements, it looksas though modern astronomers
35
Walter Bowermann's 'Cyclical Diseases' in American Astrology.
 
 
areonlyconfirmingVarahamihiraofancientIndiawhohadalreadyenunciatedthisremarkable
parallelism between sunspots and earthly affairs — wars, popular uprisings, etc.
Modern meteorology is also noticing a wonderful association between meteorological
factsandastrologicalviews.Mr.John,Nelson,EngineerintheRCACommunications
Department of U.S.A., has found that what are called the benefic aspects of planets pacifying,
apparently,totheionospherewhileotherrelationships—maleficaspects—disturbingtoit.
Astrologerspredictwars,revolutionsandpoliticaldisturbanceswhenJupiter,SaturnandMars
are in conjunction, i.e., thesamedegreeormutualanglesof90°and180°involvingcertain
constellations. Nelson has discovered that the most severe ionospheric disturbances will come
whenthecombinedinfluencesofMars,VenusandMercuryaresuchthatallthreewillbe
arrangedinpositionsofgreatconcentrationofplanetaryinfluenceneartheSaturn-Jupiterteam.
And these are correlated to magnetic disturbances on the earth. Naturally, these effects are likely
todisturbthedelicateandcomplexsystemsinthelivingorganismson theearthwhichregulate
and stimulate thought and feeling and action.
When we met Mr. Nelson at a common platform at the "International Astrology
Conference''heldatNew Yorkon1-5-1971hesaidthatplanetspossiblyinfluencetheSunina
mannerthatcausedatemporarychangeintheSun'sradiation-characteristicsalthoughthe
mechanismofthisinfluencewasnotknown.Mr.Nelsonhasbeenabletopredictwithgreat
accuracy magnetic disturbances based on astrological data.
E. Chapel of Paris, a former General of the French army, pursuing statistical research for
more than 30 years, hascome to theconclusion that there is arelation between theasteriods, the
meteorologicalconditionsand theso-calledspontaneousfiresandexplosions,occurring
sometimes by series and for which no rational explanations seem available.
AccordingtoDr.MauriceFaure"everythingcanbeexplainedintermsofsunspots".
BasinehisconclusionsontheobservationofthemovementsofsunspotsfromM.Vellot's
ObservatoryatMountBlanc,Dr.Faureobserves:"Outof25movementsofsunspots21were
accompaniedbysignificantincreaseintheincidenceofill-health.AfterwardsIestablisheda
correlation between movements of the sunspot with successions of sudden deaths."
Dr. Faure is of the view that sunspots are responsible for a whole series of accidents and
thatthe"electricforcesemanatingfromtheSunaffectournervoussystemandexcessivesolar
activitycausescomplexeffectsonman—dejection,attacksofgoutorrheumatism,headaches,
neuralgia, etc.,"
TraditionallytheSunisassociatedwithvitalityanddiseaseoftheheart.IftheSunis
afflicted in a horoscope it indicates that one is predisposed towards heart trouble. In a letter to the
AcademyofMedicinedatedMarch3,1959,Dr.PoumaillouxandM.Viart,Meteorological
 
Engineer,wrote:"Ourfindingspointtoareallyremarkablecorrelationbetweenincreased
frequencyofmyo-cordialinfarctusatcertainmomentsofmaximumsolaractivityandpeaksof
geomagnetic disturbance."
Dr. Becker, using data available from International Geophysical Year Studies, reveals that
patientsadmittedtohospitalsforpsychiatricdisturbancescorrelatedwithsolarflares.His
research shows that the electrical charge of a person's body changes drastically when the earth's
magneticfieldisaffected.Electricalfields,accordingtothisscientist,arealsoconnectedwith
suchphysicalprocessesasaccidents,would-healing,etc.Seasonalchangesintheintensityof
geo-magnetic field may explain why susceptibility to various infections varies with the season.
At an international symposium on relations between solar and terrestrial phenomena, held
inBrusselsin1964,Prof.HellmutBergoftheUniversityofColognedeclaredthat"serious
tubercular cases were in danger of dying on days when there was a violent eruption on the Sun".
SeventeArrhenius,aSweedishscientist,provedbystatisticalinvestigation,of25,000
cases, that there is a correlation between the frequency of human births and the revolution/of the
Moon in the ecliptic.
As a matter of fact, he has shown that menstruation occurs in a large number of women at
oneparticularpointinthelunarmonth. Asregardstheindividual,menstruationusuallyoccurs
whentheMoonarrivesatacertainfixedpointinthehoroscope, Varahamihira clearlymentions
in Brihat Jataka, thatthemensesofawomansetsineverymonthwhentheMoonisinan
Upachaya from the Lagna and that the menses are due to the interaction of Mars and the Moon.
Climateisregulatedbythemovementsandinfluencesofplanets.Consequently,the
influences ofclimate areclearly perceptible.If thereis any factor intheconstitution ofman and
histemperamentswhichvitallyinfluenceshimforworkorforlaziness,forstrengthorfor
debility,forintelligenceorfordullness,itistheclimate.Theseinstancessuggestthatbetween
the various atmospherical influences and the vital activity of the human nerves there seems to be
a connection which the known sciences have not yet been able to account for, but the effects of
whicharetoooftenclearlyfelttobeeasilydoubtedordenied. Achangeofclimatehasbeen
firstlyconsideredby the greatestphysicians asa mostpowerfulremedy foreffecting cures.The
Seabreezeowesitspre-eminentlysalutaryinfluencesonthehealthofmantoitspurity.The
extraneous particles which defile the close atmosphere of crowded cities and convert it into a hot
bedofdiseasesanddeatharemostlyabsentfromtheunadulteratedaircurrentswhichsweep
overthewideexpanseofwaterandthisfactgreatlyrenderstheclimatehighlysalubrious.The
moisturetempersthesharpnessofthewind,andmakestherespiratoryorganslessliabletothe
baneful attacks of catarrhal affections. The influence of saline particles, of iodine, of ozone and
ofpeculiarelectricalandmagneticconditions,alsocontributetheirbeneficialeffects.Pr.
 
Clarence A. Mills, Professorof Experimental Medicine,University ofCincinnati,has foundthat
thecontrastbetweenOrientalandOccidentalvitalityduenotto"national,racialorcultural
differences, but to climate". "The ebb and flow of human vitality fluctuate with climatic changes,
withman'senergyrisingduringstimulation,coldperiods,andrecedingwithdebilitatingoalm
warmth."Whenthebarometricpressure
36
"isslowlyrising,humanactivityisatitszenith;a
medium degree of efficiency occurs when the barometric pressure is at any stable level; and the
lowest ebb accompanies falling barometric pressure. Sponge-like, the body and brain cells
absorbwaterandswellwhentheoutsidepressurefalls. Along withthisabsorptionandswelling
there is disturbance of functional efficiency and an upset in the normal body water-balance. On
theotherhandastheoutsidepressurerises,thebodyandbraincellsemptyandfunctional
efficiencyrises".Justbeforeaseverestorm,livingorganismsmanifestincreasednervous
tension. Animalsbecomebellicoseandunmanageable,childrentendtobepeevishandpetulant
and adults are more irritable and quarrelsome. "There are also obvious physical changes on these
low pressure stormy days. As some bodies gain water content their weight increases as much as
four or five pounds inone day and there might be some spreadof leg or calfcircumference. The
brain cells cannot expand as they are encased in a rigid structure. Therefore the pressure falls and
theresultingintakeofmoisturefromthegastro-intestinaltractsleadstoirritability,worry,
discomfort and temper flares. In extreme cases if the brain cells become so water-logged that
oxygen supply is cut off, fainting or coma may result.
TheresearchesconductedbyDr.MillsofAmericaconclusivelyprovethatclimatic
conditionsinfluencehumangrowth,vitality,reproductivity,crime,prosperity,healthand
achievement.
36
F. A. Rockwen in American Astrology, 1942.
 
 
V
ASTROLOGY AND SUPERSTITION
Dr.W.Fliess,aGermanphysician,hasstudiedtheannualperiodicitiesinvarious
biologicalphenomena,thusconfirmingthepersistenceofthesolarcycleatmanyplacesoutside
the well-known seasonal fluctuations in the rates of marriages, births and deaths. Fliess
'discovered' the cycle of 23 and 28 days as biological data. In one of his publications, he says:
"what is most interesting is the fact that the year and the day rule our life just as both of them
determine the fast or slow movements of our planets. And that does not involve only our physical
but also our spiritual existence, our creative days (italics ours)." In other words, almost all
Western savants, who have tried to demonstrate the existence of some sort of biological rhythm
in human activities, havebeen indirectly lendingsupport to the astrological theory.According to
Gocharaorthetransitsystem,theMoonpassingthroughthedifferentsignsfromhisown
position in the birth chart is said to make the native's psychological reactions differ on different
days. On one day one will be subject to serious fits of depression, on another day to strong
sexualurges,onathirdtocreativethoughtsandonthenexttofitsofillness.Alltheseare
discernibleastrologicallybutaslongasthescientistlooksatastrologythroughglassescolored
by his ownpet theoriesand prejudicedideas he hasgot to begroping inthe dark. The following
query of Fliess put by himself at the end of his lecture 'Periodical Ways of Man' is germane to the
presentdiscussion."Whywonder?Don'tweinheritthephysicalset-upofourparents,their
living substance and consequently ought we not to inherit likewise the characteristics of their
substance pertinent to time? This question sets one thinking. Until now we never considered the
influenceoftheyearonhumanexistence. Thatiswrong.Forfacingtheproblemcreatedby the
year'smotiononlife,wecannotbutexpecttofinditsmarkonhumanbeingsaswellasonthe
floweringof plants, thematingurge of beasts...Why shoulditstopatMan?Isnot Manalinkin
the chain of life just as beast and plant are?"
Modern scientific observations have only been corroborating the "superstitious" beliefs
heldbyastrologersthatrhythmicoccurrencesinnatureareguidedbyastronomicalinfluences.
What Fleiss,Swoboda andKrafft have observedhad beentoowell knownto theancient Hindus
who,havingstudiedtheperiodicityofpsychologicalandbiologicalfunctions,havebequeathed
tousvasttreasuresofastrologicalknowledge.Ourignorance,prideandprejudicecomeinthe
wayofourappreciatingthewisdomofourancientswhilewehaveacquiredaknackto nodour
heads inapprobation ifthesame principlescome outof themouthsof modernscientists. This is
indeed a very unhealthy tendency. Whatwe call in thejingle of scientificterminology biological
urge', 'psychological impulse' andso on hasbeen explainedin simple andeasily comprehensible
 
astrological formulae by way of yogas, arishtas, and other combinations.
A. N. Whitehead says in his Introduction to Mathematics that "the whole life of nature is
dominated by the existence of periodic events, i.e., bytheexistenceofsuccessiveeventsso
analogous to each other that without any straining of language they may be termed the
recurrenceofthesameevent.Ourbodilylifeisessentiallyperiodic.Itisdominatedbythe
beatings of the heart and the recurrence of the breathing. The presupposition of periodicity is
indeedfundamentalfromconceptionoflife.Wecannotimagineacourseofnatureinwhichas
events progress, we should unable to say this happened before."
All rhythms in nature, biological or psychological, correspond to cosmical prototypes and
are rooted in astronomical relations. From this reason earthly doing and being enlarge themselves
tothecosmosandclearlyshowtheunityandharmonyintheUniverse.Anditwasjustthis
knowledge that was promulgated by the star lore through ages in that famous formula 'as above,
so below.'
A, M. Fox, a Cambridge biologist, brings forward a number of instances by which he
proves the existence of lunar periodicities in the living organisms.
H. L. Moore of New York showed the connections between cycles in rainfall and
economicsandtheeightyears'periodicityoftheplanet Venus withrespecttotheEarthandthe
Sun.
Similar investigations of many other scientists lead more or less decidedly to the
conclusion that a complex relation cannot be denied between certain astronomic periodicities and
the occurrence of seisms of volcanic eruptions, of cyclones, as also the variations of other
atmospheric pressure, of the growth of trees, etc. "Dr. Budai has collected many other interesting
examplesoftheMoon'sinfluenceonhumanbeings.HeobservesthatthedayofNewandFull
Moon,andthetwodaysthatprecedeandfollowthemareparticularlydangerousforhealth."
This is quite in accordance with accepted astrological principles.
OnthebasisofhisfindingsDr.LarnordJ.RevitzofDukeUniversityhasendorsedthe
ancientbeliefthattherewouldbemoreunrestamongtheinsanewhentheMoonisfull:Revitz
says:
37
"Whateverelsewemaybeweareallelectricmachines.Thusenergyreservesmaybe
mobilisedbyperiodicuniversalfactors(suchastheforcesbehindtheMoon)whichtendto
aggravate maladjustments and conflicts already present."
Thestudyofhumancharacterandtemperament,ofendowmentandplatitudeshas
become a large department of psychology today. It may surprise many to be told that astrology
has a great contribution to make to this branch of contemporary science.
Thescienceandartofthediagnosisofpersonalitytraitswillbeofvitaluseinmany
37
Psychiatry and Journal of Social Therapy, July 1966.
 
 
departments of life today — education, industry, administration, etc.
Thehoroscopecanconstructafairlyaccuratepictureoftheindividual'spsyche—his
temperaments,hislikesanddislikes,aptitudes,hismoods,hisabilitiesandweaknessesand
strongtraits.Forinstance,itissaidthatonebornwhenthedistancebetweentheSunandthe
Moon is 12° will be 'Vyasanasakta-chittascha', meaning 'given to worrying'. This information can
usefullysupplementthediagnosisofnormalpsychologyarrivedatbyitsvocationaltests,its
intelligenceandothercharactersofvariouskinds. Itcanhelpeducational institutionsinguiding
students in the choice of careers. It can help industry in making the most of the different types of
workers in giving them jobs suitable to their temperaments. Above all, it can help the individual
toguidehisplansand careertosuithischaractertraits,avoidlinesinwhichhe hasnoflairand
take up lines in which he has a natural aptitude. Astrology reveals the general tendencies inherent
incertaintypesofpersonsbyreasonofthepositionsoftheplanetsandstarsattheirbirth.We
canusethemintheartoflifeandmakethebestofourendowment.Thusonebornwhen
Dhanishta and the 8th lunar day coincide will be cruel-hearted, vindictive and easily amenable to
sycophancy.Ifothercombinationsalsoindicaterulership,hewillmostlikelybecomeatyrant,
bent on inflicting misery on the people. Other people may beware of such a person and may take
suitable stepsto neutralize hispowerformischief.Or,hehimselfmighttry tominimizehisevil
tendencies by giving them less play in life.
Recent investigations by psychologists have confirmed the diagnostic power of astrology.
ForinstanceanAmericanpsychologisthasmadeaneightfoldclassificationofhumanbeings
corresponding to eight segments of 45° each commencing from the New Moon. According to
thisclassification,whoeverisbornatanyparticularphaseofthecycleisstampedbythe
character of that phase. This confirms the ancient idea of the effect of the Moon's affliction in
insanity and related diseases.
AFrenchCriminologisthasassembledstatisticstoshowthatapparentlymotiveless
murders,attacksandcriminalbehaviorofmanykindsriseandfallina28-daycycle
correspondingtothephaseoftheMoon.Otherobservershavenoticedsimilareffectsofthe
Moononotheraspectsoflife.Dr.EdsonAndrewsofAmericahasnoticedacorrespondence
betweensuccessesandfailuresinsurgery andthephasesandpositionsoftheMoon.Hisrecord
of1000casesoftonsillectomyshowed82%bleedingcrisesoccurringbetweentheMoon'sfirst
andthirdquarters.Prof.RavitzofPennsylvarianSchoolofMedicinethinksthatthereisan
increaseintheelectricalpotentialofhumanbeingsevery14dayscausingchangesofmoods—
due to the Moon's influence.
ThegreatSwissPsychiatristCarlJung,pupilofDr.Freudandfounderofavariantof
psychoanalysis of his own has been a great influence among psychologists and psychatrists to
 
useastrologicalscienceinmedicineandpsychiatry.Theyhavefounditilluminatingin
diagnosing the predispositions of their patients towards certain types of disease, mental and
physical. The Moon rules the mind, the Sun rules the soul or self and Mercury rules the nervous
system.
Theexaggerationofcertaintraitswhichoccurinnormalpeopleaswelliscausedbya
combination of factors involving the Moon, Mercury, the Sun, Mars, etc.
This reminds us of the age-old astrological theory of Hindus.
(…) meaningthatifinahoroscopetheMoonandMercuryareincertainmutual
dispositions afflicted by Mars, Saturn or the Nodes, it generally indicates mental disorder.
Wefindsuchcombinationsactuallyoccurinthehoroscopesofpersonssufferingfrom
obsessionalneurosis,delusionsand falseviews. Afalsebeliefisa formofdissociation.Whena
person in a mental hospital believes that he is the emperor of the world, obviously it is a case of
dissociation.
ThedeclinationofMercurycanalwaysgiveaclueastowhetherapersonwilltendto
broodoverthepast,orhughisillusionsorescapeintoafuturisticUtopia.Butifthereis
Jupiterianaspect,thepictureisentirelychanged.Thepersonwillbethoughtfulandwillhave
muchunderstandingandjudgment.RemovetheMoonandsubstituteMarsandyouhave
mechanicalaptitude.Thisissomethingentirelynewinobservationalscience.Itisaproven
instanceofacertainplanetarypatternhavinganeffectthattheelementsofthepatterndonot
have.
Many psychologists and psychiatrists are experimenting in the U.S.A. and elsewhere with
astrological techniques. Many of them (whom I met at NewYork) are convinced that horoscopes
properly cast and intelligently interpreted could be a valuable diagnostic test. They are of the
view that "a horoscope is more useful than Rorschach test: ARorschach shows only the patient's
condition at the time of the test whereas a horoscope reveals his basic psychological set-up".
Apart from psychiatry dealing with mental disorder, astrology is of use too in ordinary
medicine. This was recognized in ancient India when Ayurveda was linked with Jyotisha, the one
practitionerbeingrequiredtoknowsomethingoftheother.Todaythisuseofastrologyisagain
coming to the force.
An outstanding psychiatrist makesthe following observations whichmust be acceptedas
justified: "I do not know that somnambulism is more prevalent during the Full Moon, but I know
that the sexual organs are more stimulated during this period than at any other time both in beasts
and homo-sapient. Seasonalchanges,climate,electricalstormsandvolcanicactionsare
obviously correlated with the phases of the Sun and the Moon. Every drop of moisture is affected
by the Full Moon even as our tides are regulated by it. Menstrual periods are influenced. Moon-
 
struck couplesareapt to engage inaffairs oftheheart duringthis period.Itis thegod-mother of
sprooning couples. Upon the mating instinct of wild and domesticated animals, it has a distinct
bearing. At Full Moon hard shells become soft."
TheinfluencesoftheMoononhumanaffairsappearswithsuchpersistenceinthe
writings of ancient Hindus that it is impossible to ignore their testimony in any orderly survey of
the subject. Many of these references rest upon a basis of careful observation and recorded
experience. Bhoutikasutras observe thus: (1) Kalakarshanam Suryagolat, (2)
Suryachandramasou nitya sambandhat — meaning that the Moon gets its kala or light by
attraction from the Sun and that there is interaction between the Sun and the Moon almost every
second. Neither the Moon nor the planets are the original sources of light or heat. All receive
theirlightfromthegloriousSun.Thislightisnaturallyintheshapeofvibrationsofthelight
waves. These vibrations are refracted or reflected from the Moon to the earth and vary widely.
The vibrations from Mars are much lower and slower than arethose from Venus or Mercury and
yieldadistinctionincolorwhichisperceptiblethroughandmeasurablebythespectroscope.
VibrationsfromtheMoonalsovarygreatlyinbothforceandfrequencyasisindicatedbya
variationintheMoon'scolorfromsilverywhitetoruddy.Whenweconsiderthateveryknown
basic element emits an individual radiation whose differences are expressed in Armstrong Units,
it would be strange to presume that these vibrations were without any physical manifestation or
influence on earthly matter. The fact is these vibrant rays rouse and move the elements of the
earthproducingbothchemicalandphysicalchangesthereof.Itisbecauseofthesevariationsin
the chemical and physical structure of the earth itself — the base on which all vegetation must be
sustained — that the fertility of the soil and the sturdiness of the crop depend in a very large
measureupontheMoon.Therearemanyancientbeliefsaboutthemysteriouspowerofthe
Moon, many of which science is finding to have a basis in fact. Various ideas once considered
superstitiousnowappeartohavesomescientificexplanations.Basedontheseobservations,the
ancientMaharishishavegivenusanumberofcombinationswhichenableustounravelwith
appreciable accuracy the amount of influence the luna exerts on a particular individual. The
ancients have already discovered theseeffects. Allthat sciencehas to dois toexplain them. You
can observe that some lunatics or neurotic people seem to have tides of irrationality rise and fall
withinthemaccordingtothewaxingandwaningoftheMoon.Wehavepersonallyknowna
family in which the husband, a short tempered young man, becomes excited as the Moon wanes
with the result hardly a New Moon passes without some serious quarrel in his house which
upsets his mental equilibrium and renders him uneasy.
All diseases and more especially, skin diseases, insanity and epilepsy were believed to be
subject to the influence of the Moon. I shouldsay that hereagain the ancients wereright in their
 
conclusions.Weknowasamatterofexperiencethatthesediseasesgetmorevirulentintheir
effects at the time of the New Moon. No one can deny that.
WhetherornotonebelievesintheinfluenceoftheMoononanimalandhuman
organisms,onecannotbutbestruckwiththerhythmicchangesinthelevelofthesea,in
atmospheric phenomena and in radio reception keeping step with theMoon's phases. At thetime
ofNewMoonoratthetimeofFullMoon,thetidesintheoceanaremuchgreater,the
disturbanceintheatmospheremorethanatothertimes.Whyisthisso?BecausewhentheSun
andtheMoonareclosetogetherinthesky,asatNewMoon,orwhentheyarediametrically
opposite,asatFullMoon,thetwoconspiretoproducesuchdisturbances;theyactuallypullat
theoceans,draw thewaterup,asitwereinaheap,causinghuge tides; they pullattheparticles
ofthegasesformingtheatmosphere,andiftheatmosphereisalreadydisturbedwithpassing
clouds here and there, they supply the spark to produce rain; they pull at you and at me, lifting us
all up, so that youwould be actually weighingless at New Moonand at Full Moonthan at other
times. But the greater part of the pull is due to the Moon because of its nearness to us; the Sun in
spite ofitsheavy mass, becauseofits greater distance, plays onlylittlein thedrama. Thelifting
force due to the Moon is such as to reduce the weight of a body by thefraction1/842440 A
4,000-tsn ocean steamer, for instance, loses one pound of its weight when the Moon is directly
overhead.Nomeasuringinstrumenthasbeendevisedtodetectsuchaminuteeffect;yetthisis
sufficienttocausethetidesandallthekindredphenomena.Becauseofthepossibilityofrain
aboutthetimeofNewMoonwhentheatmosphereisdisturbed,thereisachancefortheplants
plantedatthewaxingseasontogrowbetterthanthoseplantedatthewaning.Againasthe
various cells composing animal organisms respond to the lifting force of the Moon, it is
understandable that people suffering from skin diseases, lunacy, epilepsy, diseases involving
convulsionsandtheeffectsofpoisonousbites,suffermoreatthetimeofNewMoonthanat
othertimes.Thesea-urchinsbecausetheyhavetheirwholebeinginthewatersoftheocean
which keep step with the phases of the Moon have their reproductive life regulated by the Moon.
I would earnestly urge physiologists andnaturalists to study thecorrelations between animallife
and the phases of the Moon and place their conclusions on a scientific basis.
'We have seen that the solid earth rises and falls under tidal forces and that, as measured
by Michelson, this rise and fall at its greatest is about 9 inches. The rise and fall should be
greatest at New Moon, for then the Sun and the Moon together attempt to distort the earth. We
know that theearthquake isdue tothe instability inthe earth'scrust. Itis therefore reasonable to
expectthisinstabilitytobeinfluencedbytide-producingforcessuchasresultfromtheMoon's
gravitational pull. Whenthe tidalforcesare greatatthe timeof theNew Moon,they areenough
tosupplythesparktobringaboutconditionsforanearthquaketohappen;thetidalforcesare
 
trigger forces in that they start the mechanism which already is awaiting a spark. It you tabulate
the devastating earthquakes of history, you will find that many of them have always occurred
aboutthetimeoftheNewMoon. TheGreatBiharearthquakeoccurredonthenightofMay 31,
1935, aday beforetheNewMoon.Someotherearthquakeshaveoccurredaboutthe timeof the
NewMoonwhentwoormoreplanetswereinconjunction.Thisonlystrengthensthe'trigger
forces' theory; for the gravitational pull of the planets combined with that of the Sun and the
Moon tends to create conditions for the occurrence of an earthquake. In spite of much advance of
knowledge, the scientist is still unable to predict the occurrence of an earthquake. He is able to
predict with great accuracy, years in advance, the occurrence of eclipses and of phenomena far
abovehishead;butheishelplessinregardtophenomenawhichoccurabouthimanddirectly
underhisfeet.Cantheastrologerpredicttheoccurrenceofearthquakesandthusearnthe
gratitude of millions living in earthquake areas? Yes, he can provided the ancient principles are
carefully studied, properly understood and correctly applied.
 
VI
STATISTICAL PROOF
That theMoonhasa definiteeffect ontheperiodicityof humanbirthswas demonstrated
byaSwissstatistician.K.E.Krafftwhobasedhisworkonthevitalstatisticsofthecantonof
Zurich came to the following conclusions. One of the problems essayed by Krafft was that of the
similarity of the birth dates, which seem tooccur sooften among members of the family. "These
coincidencesinwhichnotmerelythemonth,buteventheday recurarefoundtoofrequently to
warrant their attribution to pure chance."
38
Krafft concluded:
39
(a) "thatthedistributionoffemalebirthsismuchmoreregular
throughout the day than that of male births, (b) that about 40 minutes after the Moon has passed
tolowermeridianthenumberofbirthsdiminishesby 20-50percent,butincreasesagainwhen
she reaches a point 60° from the horizon by longitude (this observation was made on a total of
2,218births),(c)thatthereismarkeddecreaseinbirthswhentheMoonisinthesecondhalfof
the sign Aquarius but when she is in the first ten degrees of Pisces there is a compensating
increase, (d) thatatFullMoonthenumberofmasculinebirthsdiminishesandmaximumof
masculine births is reached about two and a half days after the Full Moon, (e) that the number of
births increases when the Moon is approaching the ecliptic from the south, and attains a
maximumwhensheisthreeorfourdegreesshortofhernode,(f)thatmalebirthsaremore
influencedbytheSun,femalebirthsbytheMoon".ComparetheseobservationsofKrafft with
the theory of Pranapada propounded by Maharshi Parasara. You will get much food for
reflection. AccordingtothesageParasara,humanbirthscanoccuronlyatcertainintervalsand
not always. It is the misfortune of the present century that we hardly think. We advance a priori
arguments condemningastrology.And weare accustomedto thenotion thatmodern instruments
ofobservationalonecanbringtolightthenatureofphenomena.Objectiveandinductivestudy
wasnotanewmethodintheintellectuallifeoftheancientHindus.Themethodsemployedby
them to unravel the mysteries surrounding some of the fundamental problems of life are not and
cannot be known.It iscommonsense to believe that thingsexisted beforewe wereborn and that
thingshappenedprettymuchthenastheydonow.Stillreasonableasbeliefis,itisnotdirect
knowledge. Even so simple an assertion as 'I was born' involves a distinct succession of
deductionswithanunquestioningfaithinone'spostulates.Suchanassertioncannotreston
direct knowledge. You may know that you exist; you cannot know so directly that you were born,
although the inference is reasonable and the conclusion highly probable. Therefore our pre-
possessions should not blind us to the recognition of the simple fact that the astrological theories
38
Astrology in Everyday Life by Rupert Gleadow.
39
Ibid.
 
 
 
andcombinationswerepropoundedbySagesbymethodswhichareasreliableandtrustworthy
as those employed by modern thinkers. We should not be under the impression that the conscious
substitutionofobservation-andreasonforauthorityandfaithasaguidetotherealitiesofthe
world is a comparatively recent experience.
A French scholar and statistician Michael Gaquelin, who set out to disprove astrology,
carriedoutarigorousstudyofastrologicalmattersbutsoonfoundsubstantialgroundfor
acceptingthat"aspecificcosmicsealdoesaffectvariousphysical,chemicalandbiological
reactions".Hefound"authenticatedcorrelationsinaverylargenumberofcasesbetweenthe
positions of the planets Jupiter, Mars, Saturn in the four angles of the horoscope and certain
professional types — doctors, military men, painters, priests and Congressmen. Of each category
some 500 to 1000 births were considered. He found Mars predominantly in the zones of
influenceinthehoroscopesofmenofsports,athletesorofficersintheofficialservices.Itis
togetherwithJupiterinthechartsofgenerals.Saturnisdominantinthechartsofpriests.The
horoscopes of scientists and medical men reveal Mars, Jupiter and Saturn in zones of activation''.
In the words of Dr. Gaquelin: "In other words, we somehow had to integrate our peculiar
planetaryeffectsintothetotalpictureofmodernscience;Theproblemwas,howcouldthisbe
done? One possibility is that some form of radiation issuing from the planets marks the newborn
at birth with an influence whose effect persists the whole life long. Let us take an example: If a
childisbornwhenMarsisrising.Wecouldassumethattheplanetexertssuddenactionthat
modifiesthechild'sorganism.Afterthisaction,thechildwouldhave'somethingmore'thanhis
parents gave him through heredity. And this 'something more' would have sufficiently strong and
lasting influences to result in the child's having specific gifts and a definite orientation toward his
existence." But Gaquelin's investigations are confined to Western concepts. His ideas about
Hindu astrology are perverse and prejudiced.
The French mathematician Paul Choisnaurd investigated the horoscopes of 119 persons
of great intellectuals. His investigations revealed that in none of these cases, the Moon was to be
foundinthesignofScorpio."Theoreticallyhisstudyisopentothisobjectionthatintellectual
power is a matter of opinion and appreciation rather than fact." But in reality his list was
composed of all those persons who had attained great distinction in Philosophy, Science, etc.,
suchasFlammarian,Byronandothers.
40
"And yet, of 1,450 ordinary people 140 were found to
havetheMooninScorpio.Thisextraordinarydeviationfromthelawsofprobabilitymay
surprise any one but an astrologer; yet is quite in harmony with astrological principles which say
that the Moon in Scorpio gives strong feelings, and intensely personal outlook and violent
prejudices. Thus placed, the Moon evidently hinders the development of the candor and fair-
40
Astrology in Everyday Life by Rupert Gleadow.
 
 
mindednessthat characterizethegreatestintellects."Accordingtoastrologicalrules,Marsisthe
militaryplanet.Ifastrologyistrue,thenhoroscopesofallmilitaryleadersmusthaveMars
strongly disposed. In200 horoscopesof military men 'taken atrandom,' Choisnaurd"found; that
Mars had considerably more aspects among the soldiers" — Here is the; table he drew up
showing the percentage of each class who had Mars in aspect to any given planet:
Mars in
aspect to
Percentage
of civilians
Percentage
of soldiers
Margin
Mercury 44 58 plus 14 per cent
Venus 36 50 " 14 "
Uranus 45 58 " 13 "
Sun 50 60 " 10 "
Moon 50 60 " 10 "
Jupiter 54 59 " 5 "
Saturn 45 50 " 5 "
Neptune 46 48 " 2 "
Prof. Ellsworth Huntington in his Main Springs of Civilisation dealsexhaustivelywith
cyclesandhassomeinterestinginformationtogivethatcouldbeconsideredtohaveabearing
upon astrological theories. Some of his conclusions are: (1) Conceptions normally are more
numerous in June as something happens to us then biologically, (2) births of world prominent
people happeninFebruary,(3) occurrence ofsuicide,insanity andsexcrimesteachamaximum
inJulyand August,(4)thereisseasonalvariationinmentalactivityalso.Hehasalsodetected
the existence of rhythms in intellectual activities, emotional disturbances and the like. Prof.
Wesley Mitchell says that in business no other cycle is as strong as that of 41 to 43 months. If the
ancient Hindus had no knowledge of these rhythms, i.e., correspondences between celestial
configurations and terrestrial developments, how could they have given rules whereby the future
trendofcommercialeventscouldbeanticipated?.Forinstance,wearetoldinanancient
astrologicalworkthatwheneverMarsentersLeo,gold,copperandallred-colouredarticles
would become available in plenty with the result, there will be increased business activities
pertaining to these metals. Mars enters Leo once in 540 days. This is an important cycle whose
effects, when carefully studied, may reveal facts of great importance to the commercial world.
If astrology be true it follows that any two people born on the same day at the same place,
and at same hour, will have a similar destiny. K. E. Krafft has shown this to be true.
41
"In his book astro-physiologic published at Leipzig in 1928 Krafft drew up a list of 72
persons of 2 or 3 who were born approximately the same hour, day and place, and invariably,
they have died atabout the same age andin a similar manner. The data wereobtained from civil
41
Astrology in Everyday Life by Rupeit Gleadow.
 
 
registersofthetownsofBasleandGenevaanditisopentoanyonetoverifythem. Wecannot
quote thewhole listbuta fewexamples aregiven.Coincidence mightexplain a singlecase. But
an unbroken series of thirty coincidences must surely be a little too much for any one's
credulity."
In this connection, we should not forget to recognize the labors of some of the Western
astrologers who have shown statistically the truth of astrology. Symours considering the
horoscopes of over one hundred centenarians came to the following conclusion:
42
"Aries and Leo
areparticularlyfrequentasrisingsign,butthesignsofearth,particularlyVirgo,arerare.The
eighth houseis farmorerarely occupiedbyplanetsthananyother.The SunandtheMoonhave
hardlyasinglesquareofSaturnandMars,"butplentyofgoodaspectsfromJupiterandVenus.
Our own researches to which we shall subsequently make a reference reveal convincing results.
Whetherwecallitdeterministicprinciple,karmicindicationorplanetaryinfluence,the
fact is that the existence of correlations between celestial changes and terrestrial phenomena is
demonstrated. We do not know and we cannot know whether living organisms show the same
rhythms as the heavenly bodies, but we know for certain that they exhibit analogous periodicity.
The precession of the equinox in the different constellations seems to be intimately related to the
differentphasesofhumanculture. Astrology,itseemstous,canhelptosolvethemysteriesof
evolution.Itprovidessuchaframeofreferencethathumanevolutioncanbeseeninatruer
perspective and with greater objectivity. The zodiac is a measuring rod. For instance, the axis of
theearthissupposedtotakeaperiodofabout2,592,000yearstomakeonecompleteturn.We
may suggest that during each one of these revolutions one of the main phylogenetic divisions of
humanitymayhavebeenproduced.TheNegro,MongolianandCaucasianracesofthepresent
day represent the last three waves of evolution according to this scheme, but it allows more time
forman'sevolutionthanpaleontologistsaredisposedtoadmit.Enoughissaidaboutthese
periodicitiesinthearticlesthathaveappearedintheastrologicalmagazinethatitwouldbe
unnecessary to quote them here.
Place of
Birth
Numb
er in
Civil
Se
x
Date and Hour of BirthDate of DeathCause of Death
42
Astrology in Everyday Life by Rupert Gleadow.
 
 
Regist
er
Plainpalais 1 F 22nd Jan. 1822 9 a.m. 26th June
1906
Senile Decay
Geneva 39 F 22nd Jan 1822 10 a.m. 17th Jan. 1908 Do.
Geneva 273 F 22nd May 1833 l am. 24th Apr. 1920 Bronchial
Inflammation
Versoix 11 F 22nd May 1833 2 a.m. 1st Jan. 1921 Do.
Basle 2648 F 18th Sep. 1901 3-30 a.m. 5th Sep. 1920 Flu and Meningitis
Basle 2656 F 18th Sep. 1901 4-20 a.m. 30th Apr. 1919 Flu and
Tuberculosis
Basle 2194 F 7th Aug. 1901 9 a.m. 1st Jan. 1921 Pulmonary
Tuberculosis
Basle 2195 M 7th Aug. 1904 9 a.m. 3lst May 1919 Do.
Geneva 229 F 8th Aug. 1904 7 a.m. 20th Feb.
1921
Do.
Geneva
Near
47 M 18th Feb. 1901 2-45 a.m. 11th Feb 1921 Asphyxiation by
carbon monoxide
Geneva 88 M 18th Feb. 1900 3 a.m. 22nd May
1909
Asphyxiation by
drowning
Basle 498 M 18th Feb 1901 4 a.m. 18th Feb 1901 Asphyxiation by
inhaling amniotic
liquid
The facts so far adduced show clearly that man is subject to cosmic influences. As ultra-
violetandinfra-redraysandotherelectricalwavelengthsreadilypenetratethehumanbody and
even the solid bone of the ordinary person's head, so it is evident that these excess rays primarily
affectemotional,mentalandpsychicalfacultiesprobablythroughtheglandularsystem.Itis
apparent therefore that we are living in a veritable sea of vibratory energies which silently,
unerringly and equitably supply the means of creating, maintaining and destroying the myriads
of forms of life in our little universe, according to the response of each to the different
stimulations and according to capacity and needs of each at their stage of evolution. A dog under
prolongedirritationofexcessorultra-violetorinfra-redraysmaygomadandbitepeople.A
human being might control and direct the increase of energy into powerful efforts towards
bettering his own conditions.
I have with me fifty horoscopes of persons who have died from tuberculosis. The
AscendantortheLagnaishardlyAries,LeoorSagittarius.Maleficplanetswereinvariably
found in Gemini and Virgo and Jupiter and Venus were highly afflicted.
Thelawofheredityisequallyfeltintheastrologicalmapsoffamilies,byrepetitionof
common astrological factors. What we call 'Rajayogas' are certain special dispositions of planets
affecting the combined radiation at the particular moment of birth in such a way that the native
wouldbecomegreat,famousandoutstanding.Themomentofbirthisnotcertainlyan
 
insignificant epoch. The child about to issue out of the womb will be in a plastic state and the
delicateglandularorganismsarereadilymoldedbytheplanetaryinfluencessurroundingus.
Every thing depends upon the precious minute or Muhurtha when all the glands of the body are
adjustedandnaturefixesherseal.Strangeasitmayseem,themixingofvariousingredients
caused by the interaction (or chemical affinity) of the different planets with the matter of our
own body at the time of one's birth definitely portray one's character and therefore destiny.
Some people suggest that the truth of astrology must be "demonstrated" as if in astrology
wemerelyhandlematerialobjects.Butifthetruth(orfalsehood)ofastrologyistobe
demonstrated, it does seem to us necessary to ask, first, what constitutes demonstration.
Astrologypurportstodescribethecharacteranddestinyofpersons.Sodoeshistory.
History issurelya discipline ofunchallengeablereality. Butisit science? And is demonstration,
in the strictest sense of that term, possible within history? Was Aurangzeb a good or a bad man?
Was Mary Queen of Scotts a good or a bad woman? That is a very human question, as also a
verylegitimatehistoricalquestionwhichadmitsofprecisehistoricaltreatment.Butdoesthe
answer, oneway oranother,admit of"scientific"demonstration? Canyou putit"to animpartial
test"?
ThoseofuswhomightwishtoaffirmthegoodnessoftheScottishQueenoftenfind
ourselves invery greatperplexity. Yetthat Mary Stuart wasdefeatedat Langside,thatshe wasa
less able politician than Elizabeth or Cecil, that she was executed at Foitheringay are historical
facts, and are certainly not scientific facts and they do not admit of scientific demonstration.
They admit of the kind of demonstration that is possible within history. But that does not mean
that there is anything vague or indeterminate about them. Now astrology has at least this much in
commonwithhistory:thatpart—atleast—ofitsaimistoportrayhumancharacter.Butit
differsfromhistoryinsofaraspart—atallevents—ofastrologyhasalsoreferenceto
scientificfacts.Insofarasastrologyrelatestofactsofthescientificorder,itdoesadmitof
scientific demonstration. And scientific demonstration ought to be given and has — in actuality
— been given.
That the higher reaches of astrology are concerned with human character and human
experiencenecessarilyplacesastrologicaltruthoutsidethepossibilityof''scientific
demonstration", just as, for example, the "truth" of portrait painting or of historical portraiture
also lies outside that possibility. Yet alike astrological, historical and artistic portraiture are
subject each to its own proper kind of critical judgment. It requires genius, however — of
something akin to that — paint a portrait of whose artistic truth it is worthwhile speaking. It also
requiresgenius—or,atleast,aquitespecificastrologicalgift—toachievetheparalleltask
withintheastrologicalfield.Where isthatastrologicalgeniusortalent—tobefound,andwho
 
istorecognizeitifitwerefound?Certainlynotthescientificallytrainedmind.Itisjustnotthe
scientist who is capable of passing any sort of discerning judgment about astrology. That is the
radical mistake of those who ask for a 'demonstration of astrology'. It is not at the bar of science
thatastrologyinitsverynaturecanstandorfall.Thehistorian,thepsychologist,thepoet,the
novelist might have some astrological discernment. The scientist as such could have none.
RenderuntoCaesarthethingsthatareCaesar's.Therefore,thedubiouscriticsof
astrology should begin by consideration of those branches of astrology that refer to the objective
world only and not to experience. Let them first scrutinize such work as Krafft's and then
perhapstheywillbeawareofthedifficultycontainedinthequestionhowonepassesfromthe
knowledge of the world of external objects to the knowledge of the world of inner experience.
Itisaremarkablethingthattheimportanteventsoflifealwayshappenatastrologically
importantmoments, thatis tosay,when theDasasandBhukthis(astrologicaltime-measures)of
powerfulorweakplanetsoperate. As anexample,wecantakeupthehoroscopesofNapoleon,
Hitler,Mussolini,KingGeorgeVI,HirohitoandStalin.ThedominantcombinationsinHitler's
horoscope arethe disposition of Saturninthe 10thand Marsin the 7th, each aspectingthe other
powerfully. Jupiter the benefic is however consigned to a minor position. Astrological text-books
say that Mars and Saturn combination (which includes aspects also) in certain houses, subject, of
course,tothegeneralstrengthorotherwiseofthehoroscopeissaidtomakethesubject
extremelyaggressive.Itisnotmerecoincidencethatthisdispositionofplanetsobtainsinthe
Fuehrer'shoroscope. Awarningwasgivenintheastrologicalmagazine, asearlyas1937,inthe
following words: —
"ThenativitiesofMussoliniandHitlerwilldriftEuropetowardsadangerouszone.It
now remains for countries with wiser statesmen to set rightthe equilibrium in European politics.
NotetheEmperorofJapan'shoroscopeandseehowItaly,GermanyandJapanwithabsolute
impunity break the public law of the world." As regards the fates of Hitler and Mussolini enough
hadbeenwrittenbyusinthecolumnsoftheastrologicalmagazine. Thefollowingextractswill
show how predictive astrology reveals the future in a remarkable manner:
43
"The second part of the Moon's sub-period commences from about 11th October 1944
andcontinuesforninemonths.ItisonlyduringthisperiodthatHitler'scareermustcometoan
end. Developments in Germany in the near future will be sudden, dramatic and unexpected and
Hitler would have a violent end especially because of the powerful disposition of Mars."
Theabovedelineationisonethatwillcommenditselftothestudentofastrology,
particularly the position of Mars referred to in the last line, it being a common observation that
Mars in the house of death signifies a violent end. In Hitler's case, the Sun is in deep exaltation in
43
The astrological magazine, 1913 issue.
 
 
the10thdegreeofAries.WhenhewassenttoprisonattheendofMarch1924,Saturnwas
exactly in the opposite degree (Lagna). In regard to Mussolini and Italy, the following forecast
may be noted with interest:
44
"1943and1944loomasimportantyearsforItalyforeshadowingthedestructionof
Fascism. Storms are also brewing in the horoscope of Prince of Piedmont and will break when he
ascends the throne. Saturn by transit passes through the orb of this degree by about October 1944
and theexactdegreeis transitedby aboutJuly 1945. Thusaboutthistime something tragicmay
happen to the Duce."
Mr. Cyril Pagan, writing in March 1955 issue of American Astrology of New York,
observes thus:
"In April1947issueoftheastrologicalmagazine,theEditorDr.B. V.Ramanmadeone
of the most successful predictions of modern times, when he penned these words: 'Mars and
SaturnwillbeinconjunctioninthelastdegreeofCanceronNovember12,1947.These
combinationsalsopointtotheloss(by assassinationasviolentMarsiswithSaturninthe12th)
ofarespectedmassleaderofthiscountry'(p.247). Therecannotbetheslightestdoubtbutthat
Dr. Raman had Gandhi's Rasi Chakra before him when he wrote these ominous words, for the
conjunctionofMarsandSaturn,towhichherefers,occurredat11h.21m.45s.U.T.on
November12,1947,whenthesidereallongitudeofthemaleficswasCancer28°06'28"and
thereforeclosetoGandhi'sMooninCancer26°55'.GandhiwasassassinatedatNewDelhion
January 30, 1948(see horary chart) so thatDr.Raman's prediction,which was published atleast
10 months before the event, found an astonishingly accurate, if tragic, fulfillment. The
confirmationofthisforecastputsDr.Ramanintheforemostrankoftheworld'ssuccessful
astrologers and renders the study of Jyotisha really worthwhile."
Theabovearetheastrologicalpredictions,pureandsimple,madequiteinadvanceand
baseduponastrologicalprinciples.Theintroductionofthispersonalelementinanessayon
astrologyistobedeploredbutsinceproofisneededtoconvincetheskeptic,suchadigression
may be ignored by the indulgent reader.
It isacommon knowledgethatthetenthhouse orthemeridianis aconspicuousposition
inahoroscopeanditissaidtoruleone'smeansoflivelihoodandpubliccareer.Saturnin(or
aspecting) the 9th and 10th is always supposed ultimately to indicate fall from high position. The
horoscopesofPhillipIIofSpain,NapoleonI,LouisXVIII,Kaiser,HitlerandMussoliniare
illustrations of the dominance of Saturn whilst Jupiter extremely well placed has given quite the
opposite results in respect of Elizabeth I, George III, Queen Victoria, George V and George VI.
44
The astrological magazine, 1943 issue.
 
 
VII
ASTROLOGY AND HISTORY
The relation between astrological facts and great political events in human history opens
up a vast field of fertile and illuminating study. History and astrology will throw light on each
other and may offer valuable guidance to statesmen. The transits of Saturn through Aries for
instanceshowfrequentandastonishingcoincidencewithgreateventsinEnglishhistory.When
Saturn was in Aries in 1939 England had to declare war against Germany.
SimilarlyinIndianhistory,thetransits of SaturninCancerandJupiterinPiscesseemto
have important consequences. When Saturn was last in Cancer, three important events took place
inIndia:theIndependenceofIndia,thebirthofPakistanandthedeathofMahatmaGandhi.
Calculatingbackward,wehavetheseriesofevents:thefirstbattleofPanipat,secondbattleof
Panipat, first Mysore War, first war of Independence, etc. The birth of the Indian National
Congress and Montague's declaration of Responsible Government have all happened while
SaturnwasinCancer.Ifthetwoseries—SaturninCancerandJupiterinPisces—happento
intersecteachother,weshouldexpecteventsofgreatimportancetooccur.Thisseriesfellin
1857-1858 when the first War of Independence was waged, and it fell again in 1975-76 when
emergencywasdeclaredandanauthoritarianregimeestablished.Thisprovedtobeavery
significant periodinIndianHistory.Outstandingpredictions, suchasNixon'sfall frompowerin
1975, developments in Iran leading to the exit of the Shah, recent affairs in India, earthquakes in
Iran,developmentsinS. Africa madeinthecolumnsoftheastrologicalmagazinehaveallbeen
fulfilled.
There seem to be enough basis for the study of what may be called political astrology. I
venture to say, risking derision by those in control of National Governments that a competent
astrological bureau could give Government enough insight into future complications with foreign
powers that would be worth millions of rupees, even if only 60% of its predictions come out true.
Astrologers have also found a 20-year periodicity in the correlation between the deaths of
American Presidents in office and Jupiter-Saturn conjunctions.
1840—W. H.Harrison,electedPresident,diedinoffice fromanassassin'sbullet.1860
—AbrahamLincoln,electedPresident,wasassassinated.1880—JamesA.Garfield,elected
President, was shot to death.
1900 — William Mackinley elected Presidentfor a secondtermand died laterduring his
term ofoffice. 1920— Warren C.Hardingelected Presidentanddiedinthe White House.1940
—FranklinRooseveltelectedPresidenttoathirdtermanddiedinoffice.1960—Kennedy
elected President and was shot dead in office.
 
ThelateProf.B.SuryanarainRaohasquiteanumberofremarkablycorrectpredictions
tohiscredit. AnalyzingtheLunar Year Ananda(1914-15)heobservedthusintheMarch1914
issue of the astrological magazine:
"There will be sudden outbreaks of passion and excitement among the armies leading to
anarchy, and denunciationof old kingly authority, great loss andconsternation and thewar fever
willbeat itshighestpitch. AEuropeanwaristhreatened...........andtheUnitedStatesshouldbe
very careful in not being dragged into a ruinous war. Two deaths among the European royalties
areindicatedandoneofthemwillbefrom violenceortreachery.Politicalrelationsalloverthe
world during the months ofAugustand September will be highly excited on account ofthe solar
and lunar eclipses following one after the other within a fortnight."
The assassination of the Arch Duke of Austria and the outbreak of the first world war are
all matters of history and need no exposition.
AccordingtoTehijevsky,inEnglandtheLiberalsaresaidtohavebeeninpowerduring
sunspot peaks and the conservatives when the sunspots were scarce.
LateR.A.Proctor,agreatastronomer,repeatedlydelightedhimselfinattackingthis
'hoary' and "exploded superstitionto which, however,he conceded a noblepast, historically, and
aperfectlyreasonablebasisintheory.Buthewentontoadd,"thisfascinatingtheorywhichhas
ineveryageattractedthegreatestmindsdoesnotworkoutin practiceandhardfact".A careful
studyofallthatMr.Proctorhaswrittenonthesubjectshowsconclusivelybytheludicrous
blunder made, that he had not acquired enough practical knowledge of the science to even cast a
horoscope and much less to interpret the same. Once he ventured out of the forest of generalities
into the open to challenge the enemy (Astrology) and fell a victim to his temerity. In the Cornhill
Magazine for July 1877, appeared an essay from his pen entitled "The Planet of War" in which
the following passage occurs: —
"But if Mars were in truth the planet of war, if his influence poured from near at hand (in
perigee)uponthenationsofthisearth,excitedthemtowarandbloodshed,wemightwellfear
that coming months would bring desolation in many fair terrestrial fields. For Mars has not
blazed so fiercely in our skies since 1845, nor will he so shine again for 47 years."
45
"The God of War, who has an occasional rough sense of humour, did pick up the
gauntletthuscontemptuouslythrownathim.TheRusso-TurkishWar,declaredon24-4-1877,
andfirstregardedbyEuropeandiplomacyasamere'walk-over'fortheRussians,soon
developedsymptomsofunexpectedseverity.On theverydayonwhichMarsenteredhisdomal
dignityAries,Plevnawascarriedbystormwithacarnageunsurpassedinhistory.Thelast
NapoleonicWars(andthe1standthe2ndWorldWars)shouldallbeconstruedasironical
45
A Text-Book of Astrology by Dr. A. J. Pearce.
 
 
answersofplanetstothepedantswhodaretodisputetheirinfluencesonthedestiniesof
mankind."
46
"SirJohnHerschelcharacterizedtheassertionthatcometscause'warmsummers,
epidemics and so forth' as 'all wild talking.' History however abounds with coincidences of
epidemics,wars,overthrowofkingdoms,faminesandearthquakeswiththeappearanceofgreat
comets.Hence by anempiricallawwemay venturetosay whenagreat comet,or several,shall
appear, certain great events will immediately follow. But this would by no means necessarily
involve a belief that the comets were the cause of such events, for all these phenomena might be
theresultofacommonnaturalcause."Shakespearemusthaveintuitivelyrealizedthe
significance of the appearance of comets in the following lines: —
When beggars die there are no comets seen;
The heavensthemselves blaze forththe deathof princes. Varahamihira hasdealt withthe
question of comets in his Brihat Samhita. He uses the term Ketu for these occasional visitors.
The effects generally depend upon their positions in the particular zodiacal signs. The list of
coincidences furnished below must convince any fair-minded critic that after all the appearance
of comets is not merely of scientific (?) interest but indicates something else also.
Daniel Defoe in his Journal of the Plague Year mentions how much the alarm in London
wasincreased, whenthegreatplagueoftheyear1665wasinits earlystages, becausea blazing
comet had appeared some weeks earlier. This comet was of a "dull languid color" and its motion,
"very heavy, solemn and slow", the interpretation being that "a heavy judgment, slow but severe,
terribleandfrightfulwasalreadybegun.In1666alittlebeforetheGreatFire,anothercomet
appeared, portending a judgment "sudden, swift and fiery". He mentions that many remarked
"that those two comets passed directly over the city, and so very near the houses that it was plain
they imported something peculiar to the city alone".
In August1193B.C.thereappearedinGeminiacometofmostdreadfulaspect,visible
throughoutEgypt,andimmediatelyfollowedbythedeathofKing Amenemas.In479B.C.a
comet was observed by the Grecians, which was crooked like a horn and lasted twenty-two days.
During this time occurredthe sea fightsat Salamis. In 430 B.C.a fiery and redcomet hung over
Athensforseventy-fivedays,andthePelaponnesianWarbegan.In371B.C.therewasagreat
cometlikeabeam,extendingover60degreesofthehorizon.Thiswasatthetimeofthe
inundation and earthquake inAchaia. In 356 B.C. at the birth of Alexander the Great, appeared a
cometatfirstbushyandbearded,whichafterwardstooktheformofaspear.In134B.C.atthe
birthofMithridates,KingofPontus,acometwasvisibleofextraordinarysizeandsplendor.In
183 B.C. a comet in Pisces, bright as the Sun, was coincident with the death of Scipio Africanus,
46
Ibid.
 
 
andagainatthedeathofCaesar.In71A.D.thereappearedagreatcometinVirgo,therulerof
Jerusalem.Thiscomettooktheformofasworddirectlyoverthatcity.ThisoccurredonEaster
Sunday, the 8th of April. It was visible a whole year, until the taking of this city by Titus. In 218
A.D. a great comet was visible in Pisces eighteen days, during which time Heliogabalus defeated
Macrimus and became Emperor of Rome. In 323 A.D. a comet in Virgo appeared coincident with
Constantine's victory over Lucinius and in 337A.D. another comet in Aries, of terrible grandeur,
was simultaneous with the death of Constantino. In 392 A.D. a small, bright comet appeared in
the heavens above Rome. The same night Valentinian, the Emperor, was strangled in his place. In
493A.D.therewasagreatcometinVirgo;forwhenRomewassackedbytheGothsunder
Alaracontwopreviousinvasionsin396and402 A.D,acometappearedlikeasword.In423
A.D. there appeared aterrible comet whichforetold the war betweenRome and Persians. In455
A.D. Rome was sacked by Genseric when a great comet appeared. In December 539 A.D. a large
comet appeared in Sagittarius, which remained about forty days during which nearly three lacs of
people perishedby theearthquakeat Antioch. In546A.D.acomet,intheshapeofalance, was
visible over the city of Constantinople, and during the time that it remained ten thousand persons
dieddaily oftheplague.In570 A.D. acometappearedwhenItaly wastakenby theLombards.
In September 602 A.D. a comet, in the shape of a sword, hung over Constantinople, and the
execution of the Emperor Maurice followed. In May 604 A.D. a bright comet was visible at
Rome and Gregory the great died. In 613A.D. a fiery comet, visible over a month, hovered over
Rome and the Persian War began. In 800 A.D. a large but mild and beneficent comet was visible
with the transfer of Empire of Charle-magne, and another in November of 814 A.D. was
immediatelyfollowedbyhis death.Intheyear1106 A.D. acometwasseeninthe east,sending
beams, like burning torches and fiery darts. This marked the beginning of the terrible wars of
Crusades. In July 1264 A.D. appeared in Taurus, a comet of most signal magnitude. This
remained three months and disappeared the night Pope Urban the fourth died. The comet of 1456
June(supposedtobeHally'scomet)sawthesurrenderofConstantinopletothe Turks. Thenext
appearance of Hally's comet jn 1531 was followed by the raging of spotted fever all over Europe
and by the death of over 30,000 people in the famous Lisban earthquake. When the same Hally's
cometreappearedin1682,Catanawasdestroyedbyanearthquakeand60,000died.Thenin
1759thesamecometwasvisible,followedbyoutbreakofearthquakesinTripoli,Syria,etc.In
1909,thedeathofEdwardVIIfollowedtheappearanceofthesamecomet.Comingtomodern
times,thereareanynumberofinstancesdemonstratingthefactthattheappearanceofcomets
has been followed by great calamities, the most recent one being the death of Mahatma Gandhi
soon after the appearance of a comet.
It may not be out of place to mention here that whilst most of the predictions made by
 
realastrologershaveturnedouttobecorrect,theworldwasalarmedseveraltimesbythe
predictions of learned astronomers. In 1856, great excitement was caused by the prediction of a
learned astronomer that the comet of 1556 would re-appear and come into collision with the
earth. Many persons went foolishly mad about the comet which after all never appeared.
Prof. Corrigan, Director of Carlton University, once stated in an article in Popular
Astronomy that "the certain destruction of the world is imminent through the breaking away of a
new planet from the Sun, producing a terrific explosion which will probably smash the earth and
surely destroy all animal life on land as well as in waters". The professor was a clever man, more
shrewd than astrologers. While his calculations based on mathematics gave him information
regarding the particular time of detachment of the planet from the Sun, they did not reveal to him
the possible date, on which the catastrophe would occur. Dr. Falbe of Austria fixed definitely the
end of the world on 13th November 1899 at 3-3 p.m. We are now in beginning of 1982 and thank
God,Dr.Falbe'sprophecyhasbeenfalsified.LordKelvinwasofcoursemoreguarded.Hedid
notbindhimselftoanydateonwhichtheworldwouldbedestroyed.Hefixedaboutfour
centuries for the destruction of all living beings on the surface of the earth for want of oxygen as
thisprecious"asomethingwillallhavebeenconsumedbythattimebymenandindustrial
workshops.TherewasagainanotherpaniccreatorintheshapeofMr.GoreoftheRoyal
AstronomicalSociety.Mr.Goreobservedthusaboutthespeedydestructionoftheworld:"The
Sun isaboutto collide withoneofthe spentstarsthat loom darkly inspace. In about11.8years
the distance would be reduced to 4,000 millions, and in about 14 years the dark body would
reach the orbit of Uranus or rather it would be at the same distance from us as Uranus for its path
willnotintersecttheorbitoftheplanet.Bothplanetswouldbereducedtogaseousstatewithin
an hour and a stupendous amount of heat will be produced sufficient not only to destroy the earth
butmostoftheplanetsofthesolarsystem.IntheastrologicalmagazineforDecember1898,a
year before Dr. Falbe's time fixed for destruction of the world, in the issue for May 1906, a
coupleofyearsbefore thetimefixedby Mr.Gore,Prof. Raowrotestrongly againstthesepanic
mongers and assured the public that no heed be given to the predictions these erratic scientists.
Another wise Solomon (of course astronomer) came forward with startling predictions
thatbetween17thand20thDecember1919,tremendousthingsweregoingtohappen. Toquote
thispredictioninfull,ofProfessor Albert Porter,wouldcauseunnecessarypressureonpagesof
this book. He went so far as to say that the whole solar system would be strongly out of balance
on account of the conjunction of six planets which would pull jointly on the Sun. Even then Prof.
Raocametotherescueofthepeopletodriveoutpanic,whenhestronglyassertedinthe
astrological magazinefor October1919 that nocombinations wereavailable accordingto Hindu
calculations, which would disturb the equilibrium of the solar system. Prof. Rao observed:
 
"Whatdoestheidioticprofessormeanthatonthatdaysixmightyplanetsarewithin26
degrees of each other?" He further continued thus: "We assure the people that no such cataclysms
happen and they may quietly attend to their work."
"Had an astrologer foretold such calamities" observes Dr. Pearce, "the newspapers would
haveviewedwithvirtuousindignationanddenouncementwhenthescarewasfoundtobe
groundless. This fiasco is not remembered against astronomers, and this marks the difference
between orthodox and heterodox science."
Astronomersclaimtohavediscoveredasingularbondofrelationshipbetweencomets
and shooting stars. But hitherto they have failed to determine either the origin, the real structure,
or the causes of the wonderful changes of shape of comets.
Dr. Richard Garnett, Editor of the famous Encyclopaedia of Literature series is of
opinionthat astrology withthesingleexceptionofastronomyis,asregardsdata,themostexact
ofallexactsciences....Someofhisotherobservationsare:"Theprinciplesofhis(astrologer's)
art have come down to him in essentials from the most remote antiquity, they have been
published in a thousand booksand are open tothe examination of allthe world. His calculations
are performed by no more cabalistical process than arithmetic. It is the peculiar boast of his
system,initsapplicationtohumanbeings,toenthronelawwherelawwouldbeotherwise
unrecognized and to leave no opening for anything preternatural." In his article 'The Soul and the
Stars' published in the London University Magazine for 1880, he adduces the examples of such
historical personages as Emperor Paul, George III, Gustavus IV, Empress Charloin, Charles II of
Spainandahostofotherinsanemonarchsandablyshowshowmentaldiseasesareliableto
occur to when Mars and Saturn occupy certain positions in the horoscope. He also gives
examplesofwhathecalls'eccentricityaccompaniedwithgreatmentalpower',thehoroscopes
consideredbeingthoseofVoltaire,Feebre, Archbishop Whately,GladstoneandSaintSimon,in
all of which he finds a certain juxtaposition of Mercury with Mars and Uranus, and concludes his
famous essay with the following words: "We claim nothing more than to have established a
prima facie case, and to have earned the liberty of speculating against. Such speculations carried
to their legitimate consequences would produce a moremomentous revolution in human thought
thanallthediscoveriesofthiswonderfulage."RichardGarnettwasnoastrologer.Hewasa
Curator of the British Museum and has studied many fields of science. Therefore his deductions
merit the serious consideration of all critics of astrology.
In astrology, Venus is supposed torule marriage and thesex element. His presencein the
7th excites passions and the person will be highly sexed. Mars in combination with Venus
indicates more than one marriage, want of happiness from marriage, etc. This is strikingly
brought out in almost every horoscope examined by us in which Mars-Venus affliction is present.
 
OutofsixtyhoroscopesstudiedbyuscontainingMars-Venuscombination,18casesofviolent
quarrel and separation are to be found when Mars and Venus were in exact conjunction in the
2nd house. In 40 cases more than one marriage had taken place. In the two remaining cases, no
abnormality could be seen. No high intelligence is necessary to appreciate the simple truth that in
the majority of cases of melancholia Saturn will be dominant.
The association of Venus with Saturn, Mars or Rahu is always indicative of either want of
happinessindomesticlifeoroversexualitymakingoneseekillegalsexgratifications. ThoughI
do not wish to burden the indulgent reader with astrological technicalities, I must commend to
his attention the following two horoscopes out of the several hundreds in my collection, typically
illustrative of certain astrological dicta:
Sun Moon
Venus
Rahu
Moon
Ascdt.
Mercury
Jupiter
Chart No 1
Mars Sat
Chart No. 2
Ascdt.
Sun
Mercury
Rahu
Mars
Venus
In ChartNo.1, Venus is associatedwith Rahuwhiletwomaleficplanetsaretobefound
on either side of this combination. The subject's wife was always sickly — until her death. He
didnotactuallymarryasecondwifebuthadhisownimmoralways.Hesuffered fromvenereal
complaintsandhadabsolutelynopeaceofmind. In theotherchart,thereisagainaconjunction
ofMarsandVenus.TheMoonandMercury,rulersofthemind,aresubjecttoaspectand
associationrespectivelyofSaturn,andtheSunandRahu.Themanmarriedtwice.Hehada
terribleturnofvenerealmindandcontactedsevereformsoffemalediseasesfromwhichhe
sufferedagreatdeal.Histwowivesdiedbeforehim.Hehadabsolutelynofamilyhappiness.
InstancescanbemultipliedtoshowthatacertainjuxtapositionofVenus,MarsandSaturn
alwaysgivesrisetosexualaberrationsandmaritalinharmony.Ifsuchafflictionsarepresentin
the horoscopes of children, they indicate the trend of the mental development and by bringing up
the children in a strict, moral and religious atmosphere, they could be made fitting citizens.
 
47
Thebirthoftwinsandtheirdifferinglivesaresometimesproducedasanargument
againstastrology.Whenthequestionoftwinsisrightlyunderstood,theargumentwillreallybe
infavorofastrology. Twinsaresometimesalikeandsometimesdifferent.Sometimestwinswill
have some common character and others different. Such variations as a rule are due to slight
difference in the time of birth. The word twin implies two entities coming into manifestation
under the same planetary pattern. This must also be extended to include two children born
approximately (if not exactly) for the same time regardless of parentage or environmental
conditionsofbirth.Manycuriouscasesinpointhavecome to ourattention.Infact,Ihavewith
methehoroscopesoftwootherpersonsbornonthesamedaythatIwasbutatdifferenttimes.
One is a doctor, the other is a banker and what the third is, the reader knows. The remarkable fact
is thatinallthe twoothercasessome oftheimportantpast experiences haveparalleledthoseof
mine. On 16th February 1937, an international news from Detroit announced the discovery of
two seventeenyear old highschool girlsborn on thesame day ofthe sameyear, 22-9-1920,two
hoursapart,butindifferentcountries.Notonlytheyhavethesamebirthdate,thesamename,
they look alike, both play the piano, both are accomplished swimmers. Another case in point is:
Two menbornon 27-4-1902,oneat12-15 a.m.(Banaras)andtheother at10-38a.m. (Tanjore).
Thereisapproximately10hoursdifferenceintheactualtimeofbirth. Yettheyfoundthattheir
livespresented thefollowingstrikingsimilarities:(a) Bothhaveachroniccatarrhalconditionof
the throat, (b) Both have exceptional eyesight, (c) The fathers of both are contractors, (d)
Grandfathers of both had accidents to their feet followed by infection and death, (e) The father's
mother died when the father was about 5 years old. (f) Both had two sisters and one brother, (g)
Both are interested in the scientific study of astrology.
It may be of interest to readers to know that both Emerson and Lytton were born on 25-5-
1803at1-18p.m.(Boston)and8a.m.(London)respectively.BothEmersonandLyttonbecame
men of lettersof muchdistinction. Eachhad an influence on thepolitics of histime.Each wrote
and publishedpoetry duringmuchof hislife. Eachdrew inspiration fromhis motherto followa
career of letters. Emerson has Mercury, the intellectual planet in the 10th in his own place while
thephilosophicalJupiterisinLagna.WhereasLyttonhasthesensualplanetVenusinthe10th
and the emotional planet Moon in Lagna. Here is the difference. On account of the stress of
Jupiter andMercury respectively onLagna andthe 10th, Emerson's field wasphilosophy and he
wrote for the elect — those who were willing to think deeply. Lytton on the other hand wrote for
the common people, choosing for his field drama and fiction consistent with the predominance of
lunarandVenusinfluencesonLagnaandthe10threspectively.Thefollowingmaybenotedas
indicating more or less parallel events with slight differences in the nature of the results.
47
Gleadow.
 
 
EmersonwaselectedAssistantPreacherin1829,whileLyttonattainedhisfirst
prominence in1828 asa novelist through 'Pelham.' In1831, Lyttonhad lotof difficulty withhis
wife from whom he separated, the separation being made legal in 1836. Emerson lost his wife in
1837. The Jupiter-Venus disposition in Emerson's chart gives a clue to his intellectual
attainments.Heworkedfortheremovalofbigotry,revisionofthenarrowChristiantheological
conceptsandbroadeningofviews.In1872Emerson'shealthfailedandhediedin1882while
Lytton died in 1873. Note the relative strengths of the 8th house in both the horoscopes
accounting for the difference in their respective periods of longevity.
We have two more outstanding charts to consider as an illustration of the identity of birth
dates.Both Abraham LincolnandCharlesDarwinwerebornonthesameday,viz.,12-2-1809.
Charles Darwin's birth-time is not known. Lincoln was born in Kentucky between 7 and 11 a.m.
WhatLincolnaccomplishedintheabolitionofbodilyslavery,Darwinaccomplishedinthe
abolitionofmentalslaveryintheWesternintellectualworld.Eachhasleftanameinhisown
particularspherewhichposteritywouldgratefullyremember.Theyfeltanddidthattheywere
friendsof allmenandthey directedtheirefforts towardsacquiringinformationwhichtheworld
at large might benefit. Between the lives of Abraham Lincoln and Charles Darwin, there are
outstanding parallels, as they were born on the same day of the same year. The departments of
life affected by the influences are determined by the positions of planets in houses and Navamsas
whichdependeduponthetimeofdayofbirthandthereforetherewillnecessarilybeequally
outstanding differences in the kind of fortunes attracted to certain departments of their lives.
Lincolnlosthismotherattheageof9asalsoDarwin.RoundtheworldjourneybyDarwin
beganin1831. Lincolntootookanepochalvoyage. Thetwodislikedtheirstudies.Lincolnwas
assassinatedinhis56thyearwhereas-Darwindiedinhis73rdyear.Thetimesofbirthbeing
different, the periods of life in which one had fortune proved unfortunate for the other and vice
versa. We can cite a number of instances to show that parallelism prevailed in respect of the lives
of persons born on the same date, month and year.
 
VIII
FUTILITY OF FATALISTIC DOCTRINE
Any numberoffurtherproofsinsupportofthevalidityof astrology canbeadduced,but
we feel that we have given enough evidence in favor of a rational system of scientific
foreknowledge and the subject is deserving of impartial examination and ready acceptance.
Astrology can never be considered as a relic of the pseudo-scientific snobbery of the middle
ages.ThegreatKepler,whoformulatedthemathematicalprinciplesoftheconstitutionofthe
solar system, which were afterwards proved by Newton, said about astrology: "A most unfailing
experienceofthecourseofmundaneeventsinharmonywiththechangesoccurringinthe
heavenshasinstructedandcompelledmyunwillingbelief."ThesewordsofKepler,says
Sepharial,"embodyasoberconvictionfromexperiencealtogetherinkeepingwiththescientific
reputations ofthis greatgenius,"and itis sheerpresumption onthepart ofuninformed critics of
astrologyto"repudiatethisdictumbyascribingthebelieftodelusionandsuperstition,orthe
remarkable prediction of well-known astrologers to coincidence". A littlereflectionwill suggest
totheAveragethinkingmindthataseriesofcoincidencesmakesalaw."Theignorantspeakof
lawsiftheywerecompellingforcesintheuniverse.Theyareinfactnothingbutourmental
perceptionofthecorrelatedsuccessivenessofevents.Lawisamentalconcept—notacosmic
energy.
Asinglebonafideprediction,whichwastrueastotimeandnatureofeventwould
establish an a priori argument forthescientificvalueofastrologyifitcouldbeshown—asit
certainlycan—thatthepredictionwasmadefrommathematicalcalculationofplanetary
configurations and that the event predicted could not have been foretold otherwise.
Summing up, we find that astrology is not only a most fascinating intellectual study but is
aremarkabletoolforscrutinizingthefringeoffutureevents. Asanhistoricalphenomenonitis
unique in allowing us tofathom the mentality of more or lessdistant cultures in spaceas well as
in time. Astrology cannot be called a science in its narrow sense because science deals only with
materialobjects.Yetastrologyisbaseduponscientificdata.Anysubjectthatdealswithlife
objects cannotbe called ascience. Astrology is an appliedscience andtherefore becomes anart.
We have also shown that modern scientific thinking is in such great confusion that it can say
nothing definitely against determinism or fate. "Chance in nature baffles a complete
comprehension and appears meaningless and whimsical as it is not possible to understand natural
phenomena." Theexplanationoffered by adialecticalmaterialistliesinthecombinationofboth
chance andnecessity. Ifnecessity can beequatedwith causalrelationship,some phenomenonor
event can be explained by physical and environmental conditions, but others are again matters of
 
chance. To thisextentnecessity leads todeterminism. Modernsciencehas confessedthat,toput
in Planck's words, "it is never in a position completely and exhaustively to explain the problems
it has to face".
Thedomainofscienceiscertainlydifferentfromthesocialandpoliticalspheresoflife.
Whatever is latent in our life, that only is revealed by the planetary combinations and that only
takesanewformwhichwaslyingdormant(Karma)butcapableofbeingenlivenedunder
efficientdirectingforce(Freewill).ThusKarmaorFateorDeterminismcanexistsidebyside
withfreewill.ThisistheHinduviewandmodernconceptsaregraduallyveeringtowardsthis
important discovery of the ancients.
"Man'sactionmovesonthelinesthathisownKarmaistracingforhim.Buthiswillis
free to fashion his Karma. It is determinism to the extent that Karma which is dynamic is
shadowedbymedievalandunchangeablelawofKarma,butlifewhichisguidedbyfreewill
doesnotfollowanypreordainedpattern.Determinismthusappearsasalaw—alawthat
operatesthroughchangesaccordingtotheconditionsofeachcircumstanceandenvironment."
Indianphilosophyhasalwaysdeniedtheexistenceofamercilessfatewhichwouldplaywith
man as it pleases. On the contrary, the Maharshis have unequivocally declared that man has
control over his actions but his actions have no control over their results. The horoscope shows a
man'scharacterandtemperament.IfitshowsthatowingtodominanceofMarsandRahuhe
would become a criminal, it does not mean he is fated to become so. What it means is that he is
just the sort of person who will have criminal tendencies but they can be checked by proper care
and training. Suppose an emotional crisis is indicated in a particular year. One can certainly meet
the crisis if one knew when it would happen.
Letusbealittlemoreexplanatory.Oneofthefirstphilosophicalquestionsthatrisesin
the mind of a thinker is that of human freedom. Ifthe futureof man is determined by the planets
and stars, there is nothing that he can achieve by his own effort. His life will be reduced to that of
apuppetwhichhastomakeeverymovementinmechanicalobediencetothepullsofthe
operator.SometimestheologiansforgettheelementofhumanfreedomwhenglorifyingGod.
Theyattributeeverystateofmind,consciousandunconscious,toGod'simpellingsuggestion
from within. If this is taken strictly, human freedom disappears. He will not be free to choose
between good and evil. In fact the very meaning of good and bad will disappear from the
vocabulary of human life. With freedom will disappear all sense of responsibility, moral or other,
all sense of sin or wrong-doing, and all aspiration for a nobler state of being.
In this quandary, theologians think of doctrines of the self-limitation of God who lets man
have a certain delegated freedom like that of a servant under a master. Absolutist philosophers
think of changing the notion of Deity to that of a super-personal or attributeless (nirguna) Being
 
and reduce freedom to the status of vyavahara or empirical life,disappearingwiththeegoitself
in the state of paramartha orultimatesalvationormokshaormerger.Butontheplaneof
empirical existent; freedom has a real value and is indispensable for the self-regulation of human
beings.Onthisplane,itisnotnecessarytoassumethatastrologydestroystheopportunityfor
human choice.
For astrology reveals only the general influence of the planets and stars on our life
careersatdifferenttimesinourlifeanddevelopment.Itrevealstendencies.Itrevealsgoodand
bad times for certain kinds of choice.
The real situation is that man is partly free and partly determined. His physical nature and
his heredity and his positionin the cosmos and even in society are determined. He beginswith a
certainnumberoffactsthathecannotchange—hisparentage,hisnationality,hisplacein
geographicalregionorcountry,histemperament,eventhelifefundofenergy—thesearehis
capital.
Buthecanusethiscapitalinvariousways soasto risehigherorsinklowerinthescale
of value. He can better himself in character and social status or diminish his stature by bad
conduct.Manhasenoughfreedomtomakeormarhimself.Hehasnotenoughfreedomto
command nature and history to suit his fancies.
Thereisnoreasontothinkthatastrologysealsthefateofeveryhumanbeingatbirth
determining every one of his acts of choice every moment of his life. Astrology does not support
theideaofkismetorfateorcompletelydeterminedlifeformanlikeamechanismmovedby
previously operating causes.
InaccordancewiththegeneralbackgroundofIndianthought,Indianastrologysupports
the idea of rebirth and karma.
A man's heredity is his inheritance from his own deeds in a previous life. A man's
character and potentialities are the summation of his own deeds in previous lives. His present life
is influenced by prarabdha (operative) karma — tendencies of his previous deeds that have
startedtofunction.Thereareothershiddeninhisnature;hecanpreventthebadonesamong
them from takingshape throughhis choices. Hecan modify the future while he hasto suffer the
consequencesofthepast.Eventhepasthecanconvertintostrengthbythewayhefacesitby
patience and acceptance and determination to change for the future.
Indian astrology envisages the whole cosmos, particularly the Sun and the planets as co-
operatingwiththehumanindividualinmoldinghisself-formationandself-realizationinthe
effort to reach Moksha. The universe is a karya kshetra — the valley of realization through
deeds.HencethereisroomforbothfreedomandcosmicJawintheIndianschemeofthings
which is shared by Indian astrology.
 
ThereisthusaprofoundviewofindividualitypervadingtheIndianvisionoflife.Each
individual has to tread the path of bhusara samsara alonefrom migrationtomigrationorlifeto
lifethroughmanysocietiesandmanypartnerships,usingthegiftoflimitedfreedomheis
endowed with, which is sufficient not to create the universe, but to achieve self-realization
through jnana (knowledge), bhakti (devotion), karma (action) and lokaseva (service to
humanity).
Thus astrology in India is part of the whole of Indian culture and civilization and plays an
integral part in guiding life for all at all stages of life.
Astrology canbe studiedwithadvantage, tohelp medicine,agriculture,meteorology and
psychology. The only thing is, one should not attempt to make astrology fatalistic and to use it as
a means of evading theresponsibilities of freewill. In the wide rangeof physical science there is
noquestionofhighernationalimportancethanastrology.
48
"So far from a belief in astrology
leading tofatality, itistheneglect ofastrology that tends tofatality forthe lawsofnaturego on
working until the catastrophe arrives which might have been foreseen, and its effects mitigated,
had the warning of the heavens been attended to by statesmen and philosophers."
One of the most important uses of astrology is the direction of education and selection of
a profession. How often do we not come across misfits? Can any modern science pretend to say
that it can show the vocation for which one is best fitted? Education is wasted because millions
of people pursue wrong vocations. If modern education cannot enable parents totell their
children,whattheycandobest,thenthewholecurriculumofstudyrequirestobethoroughly
overhauled. Anastrologercandiscoverontheverydaywhenthechildisborn,whetherthere
would be any aptitude for physics or philosophy.
AfewwordsaboutastrologyandmodernpsychologyandIshallclosethischapter. The
Hindu undoubtedly deserve the credit for having discovered an astrological-cum-psychological
classification of human beings which has endured for all these years.
The astrological classification is based upon marked differences of emotional and
physical characteristics though the play "of emotion forms the most frequent and obviously
striking feature of any behavior". It is noteworthy therefore that the position of the Moon in the
horoscope is supremely important inasmuch as the Moon is the karaka of mind and all the forces
releasedbythe play of our emotions.To allexternal appearance — anatomical and
morphological — there is no difference between man and man, though Nature has been perhaps
careful to seethat notwo humanfaces, except invery rare instances, havethe same appearance.
Similarly a careful observation extending over long intervals of time has revealed that difference
is perceptible between different organs of different individuals. Thus A may have a long nose; B,
48
A Text-Book of Astrology by Dr. A. J. Pearce.
 
 
snubbednoseandsoonsothatconsistentwiththesevariations,differencesintheolfactory
powers may be noticed. Astrological writers have distinctly recognized four types based on the
predominanceoftheearthy,fiery,wateryorairyelements.Here'element'doesnotmeanthe
'element' of modern science.A knowledge of the psychological make-up of a person based on the
astrologicalqualificationisnotaninsignificantfactorinasmuchasitanalyseswhatyouare.Of
course, the twelve zodiacal types aim at a sharper characterization of certain typical differences.
The emotional behavior of man is traced by modern psychologists to what is called the 'affect
personality'.'Affect'isnottheonlythingthatischaracteristicofmankind. TheMoon'sposition
inthehoroscoperevealsthe'affectpersonality'whilethesigninwhichtheascendantfallsand
thelordofthesignrevealtherealpersonality—"psychologicalfunctionsveiledinobscurity,
and scarcely discernible to the majority of thepeople." We do not require a modern psychologist
toteachusthedifferencebetween'affect'and'real'personalityforthesehavebeen,already
explained, may be in euphemistic language, by ancient astrological writers. When considering
the psychological personality of person, due care is taken to see that the physical peculiarities are
also impressed.
It is a fact that we are in the habit of justifying "ourselves to any one who holds us
responsibleforanemotionalactbysayingthatweactedonlyonimpulse"andwewouldnot
havedonesoifwe hadnotbeenin thatemotionalcondition.Inthisjustificationliesanattempt
to distinguish oneself from one's own 'affect'. Again if a man judges us by our 'affect' or emotion
we say he lacks understanding. In other words, in judging a man, factors other than the emotional
onesarealsoimportant.Psychologistscallthe'real'personalityastheegowhichisentirely
differentfromtheemotionalpersonality.Theemotionalpersonalitymaybeahigheroneasin
instances of generosity, sacrifice, etc., but these cannot be sustained. Now the Moon indicates the
'emotional personality' while the Lagna or the ascendant indicates the true or ego personality.
The Moon signifies sensation, instincts, impulses, cautiousness, imagination and changeableness.
Thetruepersonalityisthatwhichisbornintothisworldinaphysicalbody.Itbringswithit
tendencies to types of thought, feeling, and action, in-born and untaught, being derived from its
past career as a soul. These innate faculties are expanded and increased by its experiences of this
life.
We haveattemptedtodrawthedistinctionbetweenthetwotypesofpersonalitieswitha
view to emphasizing the need for a correct appreciation ofthe Lagna factor as different from the
Moon factor.
Astrologyteachesusthatinspiteofagreatvarietyofmotivesandtendencies,certain
groups of individuals, characterized by an obvious conformity in their manner of motivation can
be differentiated. A knowledge of the astrological type to which one belongs will be highly
 
usefulin adjustinghissocial,sexualandpsychological lifeinsuchawaythathe canfollow the
line of least resistance.
Thougheverypersonalitybelongstooneofthetwelvezodiacaltypesandisevolving
under its influence yet, one can never give a description of a type, "which absolutely applies to
one individual despite the fact that thousands mightin a certain sense be strikingly characterized
byit.Conformityisonesideofthemanwhileuniquenessistheother".Inourabove
observations, we have merely dealt with the psychological aspect of the "real" and "affect"
personalities; but in the astrological aspect, a more comprehensive account of the personality is
clearly revealed.
Modern psychologists have recognized three types, viz., (a) sensationtypes,(6)thinking
types, and (c) feelingtypes.AccordingtoJung,peoplebelongingto'sensationtype'bother
themselves very little "about the possibilities which lie hidden in a situation". Those belonging to
the'thinkingtype'"cannotadaptthemselvestoasituationwhichtheycannotcomprehend
intellectually".Thosebelongingtothethirdtype"givethemselvesupwhollytothelureof
possibilities". Of course this type-classification is very general.
Astrology is not merely the summation of psychology, but it is certainly intimately
connected with psychological concepts. In fact, Dr. Jung assures recognition for astrology in the
following words:
"Astrologyisassuredofrecognitionfrompsychology,withoutfurtherrestrictions,
becauseastrologyrepresentsthatsummation,ofallthepsychologicalknowledgeofantiquity."
Wesaidabovethatastrologyisthescienceofsciencesforitreferstomanythingsbesides
psychology—fromweatherandcropforecaststoStatemattersandindividualaffairs.Nor
astrologyistobeidentifiedinitsessencewithanyexperimentalorempiricalscience.Justas
mathematicsistheorganizingprincipleofsciencedealingwithinanimatemattersoalso
astrology is the organizing principle of such sciences as deal with life and significance in relation
toalllivingbodies.BertrandRusselsays that"the wholepracticalutilityofknowledgedepends
upon its power of foretelling the future". Since astrology answers this requirement it must be
considered universal knowledge and superior to other branches which apply only to a definite
period of time, during which there has been continuous observation.
The use of astrology has been hinted at already. Coming to the functions of astrology, the
mostimportantoneisthatitdispenseswiththetextbookmaximsofethicsandprudenceand
shows you away out of deadlocks or blind alleys. Belief in astrology really leads to a new kind of
morality.Itiscertainlydifferentfromandmoreliberatinginmanyrespectsthantheethical
limitationsoftheordinarymen. Astrologypostulatesanunendingchainofexistences,asortof
perpetualseesawwhich,amongstaseemingwasteofincredibleenergy,contributestothe
 
conservationoftheuniversalsum-total.ItpromotesatheoreticappreciationoftheAdvaita
doctrine, for the man who is on top today is found at the bottom tomorrow; neither of the results
is due to sheer volition on his part, but apparently predetermined consequence of the perpetual
movementofthewheel.Wearenotallofuscourageousnihilists.Wethereforefind somepetty
consolation for our failures in life by attributing them to the stars. Other compensations which
astrologyoffersusarenolessvaluable.Ifweareforetoldaperiodofcalamityortrouble,
advance intimation has the effect of preparing us to breakthe back of the misfortune by meeting
it halfway, and taking it unawares.
Theimportanceofastrologyinthesociallifeofmanismanifold.Humanneedsand
aspirations furnish a continuous motive power for astrological inquiry. We can divide the needs
of a human being in society into several grades of urgency to each of which astrology has a
definite relation. The dynamic needs of human society find the motive force in political
movements the trend of which can be clearly ascertained by astrological considerations. The pre-
knowledgewouldbeagreatassettohumanity.Mortalityandillnessratescanbeeasily
ascertained and steps taken to prevent such happenings and control disease. Man breeds at
haphazard, and the resulting changes in quantity andquality of men havethe most violentsocial
repercussions. Allthesedevelopmentscanbeascertainedwiththeaidofastrologysothatthe
ultimatehappinessofmenmaybeensured.Infact,therearelargetasksformankindto
undertake. Astrology helps realization of all these ideals. The secret value of astrology lies in the
fact that you are asked to follow the line of least resistance so that maximum success may be
attained with minimum effort.
Somearecurioustoknow"theofficialreactionoftheMarxistorthecommunisttothe
subjectofastrology".Weareinclinedtotheviewthatthecommunistsmusthavenothingbut
contempt for astrology, since it postulates a future state of existence which is repugnant to the
materialistviewoftheuniverse.Theydreamoftheapotheosisofthecommonmanbysimple,
incendiary means: but forget that the moment he becomes uncommon, he becomes the arch-
enemy of the Communist State. The pure Communist, if one can get at one, must be of heroic
mould.Forhelaborswithalltheaccumulatedzealandarrestedmomentumofcenturies,to
establish his millennium for the span of a generation. He may no doubt entertain the belief that
themissionaryfervorthathaspromptedhimtoactionwillcontinuetopromptothersafterhim,
andthathisproletarianElDoradowillendureforever,oncehesetsitonitsfeet.Thisisin
reality the old fallacy in a new garb; the old mysticism which believed in a survival of
personalitytransferredtoanequallyuntenablefaithinthesurvivalofaStateorsociety.How
little justification there is for such a pleasing fiction will be evident from the persistent sea-
changewhichCommunismhasbeenundergoinginthehomeofitsbirth,fromthedateofits
 
birth.
 
IX
49
CAN ASTROLOGY PREDICT EARTHQUAKES?
On28thJuly1976Chinasufferedoneoftheworstcatastrophesinitshistory.An
exceptionally violent earthquake hit a very densely populated industrial region, 150 kilometers
east of Peking. The city of Tangshan was reported in total ruin. At least 1,00,000 people are said
to have lost their lives. The quake damaged buildings in Peking, and fearing more shocks might
follow,Peking'ssixmillionpeoplestayedoutoftheirhouses.Thetremorsweresaidtobeof
suchmagnitudethatnotonlydamagewascausedtoPeking'sHallofthePeoplesbutseveral
dams, bridges and peasants' houses were destroyed in many parts of north-east China.
Apart from the huge loss of life and property and the need for diversion of resources to
rehabilitate the areas damaged, it seems, the earthquake in China had political implications also.
Theimpactoftheearthquakeon"superstitiouspeasants"worriedtheGovernment,becauseof
the anticipation (of the peasants) that this natural phenomenon "presaged a national calamity or a
change of dynasty as had been interpreted when monarchs ruled the land".
Scientists,asusual,arenotagreed,astotheexactcauseofearthquakes.Thoughthe
Russians claimed about 15 years ago to have made an important discovery in the field of
earthquake prediction, nothing further has been known as to whether any reliable system of
forecastingearthquakeswasdeveloped. Their discoverythatthe"ratiobetweenthevelocitiesof
natural wave motions through the ground dropped significantly days before an earthquake and
thenreturnedtonormaljustbeforeittookplace"issaidtobeanimportantsteptowardsthe
directionofmakingearthquakeforecasts.Butnotwoscientistsseemtoagreeeitherregarding
the cause of earthquakes or methods of forecast.
After the Koyna disaster in 1967, the "water-load" theory was advanced by the French
scientist Rothe and later by the Indian scientists Gupta and Rastogi. Then a team of Unesco
expertsfoundthat"theimpoundedwaterwasnotthecause".SubsequentlyDr.McKenzicof
Cambridge and
Dr. Brunne of California Universities advanced the theory that "earthquakes lubricate
themselvesatanearlystageandthenspreadrapidly".JohnMichellofCambridgeUniversity
attributed the vibratory movements in earthquakes to what he called "elastic waves traversing the
crust". Whileseismologyissaidtobea"science"andtheseismographiscapableofregistering
even distant earthquakes, of course after they have happened, we have yet to hear of a
seismologist ever having predicted correctly the occurrence of an earthquake.
49
Editorial by the Author reprinted from October 1976 issue of the astrological magazine.
 
 
The astonishing fact is that most of the scientists, engaged in earthquake studies, do not
seem to take an integrated view of what is happening on or above the earth's crust.
Ofalltheknownsciences,Astrologyalonetakesintocognizancethatallphenomena
including the occurrence of earthquakes are regulated by planetary movements. Such a theory is
notanidlefancyespeciallyinthelightofthefindingsofatleastsomeofthescientiststhat
earthquakescanbetriggeredbysolaractivity.ForinstanceDr. Andersonaseismologistofthe
CaliforniaInstituteof Technologydoesnotlookatseismiceventsinisolation.In ananalysisof
the17-yearperiodofviolence(1897to1914)"duringwhichtherewerequakesofamagnitude
greater than eight on the Richter scale" he saw that "tsunamis (tidal waves 30 meters high)
increased in number, thelength of the day changed, that is, theearth's rotation sloweddown, the
world's mean temperature rose by one degree and the 'Chandler-wobble' was at its peak". He says
further that these were interlinked. All these geo-physical events are part of a large energy-chain.
The periodicity ofthe Chandler-wobble is 40years and this issaid to explain the1950 and 1952
earthquakes in Assam and Kamchatka.
ThereforethevagariesoftheSunarenotwithoutconsequencesforourplanet,letalone
for the human species on it. Danjon, Director of the observatory at Paris, announced that during
January,February and March1963,thedays had beenshorter. Anditiswrothwhilenotingthat
Danjon announced an important deviation in the earth's rotation before the disaster of Agadir.
If as scientists claim to have discovered, the Sun's vagaries alter the duration of the day, it
is reasonable to assume that they may even induce earthquakes. In 1968 astronomer Trellis
showed evidence that the "gravitational effect of the planets moderates the eleven-year solar-
activitycycle."ConsequentlyitistheSunandtheplanetaryjuxtapositionsthatcouldafforda
mathematically workable method to forecast all natural phenomena, including of course
earthquakes.
The ancient classic Garga Samhita traces the quaking of the earth to "Ketus" or dark
spots on the Sun. And this theory is gaining confirmation amongst a section of western scientists
not intent on sticking to orthodox theories.
Chile was rocked by a deadly earthquake in May 1960. And two days earlier the
scientistshadfoundthatahugespotwaspassingoverthecentralmeridianoftheSunandthey
thought that the spot had caused the disaster.
Many scientists have started attributing — though they may not publicly admit this — the
periodicityofsolarspotstoplanetaryconfigurations.IndeeditisnottheSunalonewho
provokestheearthquakeshocks.TheotherplanetsandtheMoonalsostimulatetheactivityof
the subterranean forces. These scientists have also found that a comparison of the graphs of solar
activity,theoccurrenceofearthquakesandthevelocityofearth'srotationrevealthatcurvesare
 
distinctly similar thus showing a definite connection. Dr. Stetson comes forward with the theory
that "when the orbit of the Moon is in a particularly close relation to the epicenters of earthquake
sources, the strain on the earth at that point is at its maximum and therefore the crust of the earth
is likely to break producing an earthquake". In other words we can say that Dr. Stetson has found
thattheMoon'smovementshavesomethingtodowiththeoccurrenceofearthquakes.Other
planets, especially the Sun, Mars, Saturn and Jupiter are really responsible for earthquakes while
the Moon gives the finishing touch.
Dr.RudolphTomaschek,ageophysicistfromtheUniversityofMunich,"afterchecking
theplacesofalltheplanetsduring134severeearthquakes"hasreportedwhathecalls,"a
relationshipbetweenthepositionsofplanetsespeciallyUranusandearthquakes".Itisan
astrological dictum that more earthquakes occur when two or more planets are in line to the earth
and especially about the times of Full Moon and New Moon.
As early as the beginning of Kaliyuga (3100 B.C.) Parasara has observed thus: Arka
chandra grahaana graha vikrithacharajamscha kampana hayulu: meaning that when the course
ofaplanetisdisturbedfromthenormalpathowingtotheattractiveforceofotherplanetsthere
isashakingoftheplanetwhichisperceivedasanearthquake.ThoughGargisaysthat
earthquakes are duetovolcaniceruptionsParasara'sviewseemstobemorereasonableasitcan
be proved astrologically. In fact, planetary action as an exciting cause of earthquakes is only
doubted by those who have never made any fair and complete inquiry into it.Aristotle placed on
record thefact that itsometimes happensthatthere isan earthquakeabout thetimeof eclipseof
the Moon.
Bymeansofmonthlylunationsandsolarandlunareclipses,onecouldpredict
earthquakes. Whena numberof superior planetsare inconjunction or inthe same declination or
in the same latitude, there will be earthquakes. Several planets in the Tropics also give rise to this
phenomenon.EclipsesfallingatquadrantstoJupiter,SaturnorMarsalsoproduceearthquakes.
Theareaoftheoccurrenceisgenerallyindicatedbythezodiacalsigninwhichtheabove
combinations occur or by the sign which has the conjunction or the eclipse on the meridian or the
Nadir. The locality is also indicated in places where Saturn or Jupiter is in the meridian.
A study of the available astrological literature reveals that (a) earthquakes generally
occur at or near the times of eclipses and new and full-Moon days; (b) the time of occurrence is
generally between midnight and sunrise or midday and sunset; (c) planets,especiallythemajor
ones, occupy either mutual quadrants, trines or are in mutual conjunction or opposition; (d) the
ascendant, the 4th, the7th, the 8th, the 12thor the 10th houseat the placeof the occurrence will
be generally afflicted; (e) the asterism of the day may belong to prithvi (earth) or vayu (air)
category; and (f) the Moon and Mercury will be in close conjunction or in the same constellation.
 
Thesearegeneralcombinationsandstandtobetestedinthelightoftheearthquake
occurrences in the past.
Moon
Jupiter
Ketu
Mercury Mars
Ketu
Chart No. 1
RASI
Mars
Rahu Sun
Venus
NAVAMSA
Sun
Venus
Saturn
Ascdt. Jupiter
Sat.
Merc.
Rabu
Moon
Ascdt.
The Tokyo earthquake which occurred on 1-9-1923 resulted in the death of 1,40,000
peopleanddestructionofmostofTokyoandYokohama.Therewasalunareclipseon26th
AugustinvolvingLeo-Aquarius,thepointrisingatTokyobeingaspectedbyMars.Thequake
struck Tokyo as theMoonentered theconstellationof Bharaniruledby Yama,the lordof death.
On the day of the earthquake, the 10th degree of Scorpio was rising at Tokyo, the constellation
involvedbeingthatofSaturn,theascendantbeingaspectedbytwomaleficsandMarsbeing
exactly in the 10th house. It will be seen that there is a conglomeration of four planets in the 10th
house. But seven planets are clustered within an arc of seventy-two degrees. When such a
clustering takes place, earthquakes and cyclones happen. But to identify the time and locality is
still a difficult matter even for astrological savants.
Ascdt. Ketu
Venus
Sun,
Moon
Mars,
Rahu
Mercury
Chart No. 2 RASI
Ketu
Sun
Moon
Merc
NAVAMSA
Mars
Saturn
 
Jupiter
Jupiter
Venus
Rahu
Ascdt.
On 15-1-1934, a massive quake occurred in Bihar. It was a new-Moon day and seven
planets were in configuration in the sign of Capricorn. The Sun, Mars, Venus and the Moon were
allinexactconjunctionintheconstellationofUttarashadharuledby theSunlordofthe8th. Tt
will be noted that the earthquake actually occurred after the Moon entered Capricorn. The
occurrenceofthisearthquakehadbeenforecastbyanumberofIndianastrologers,longbefore
the event happened. The sign involved is earthy. Shocks were also felt in Mexico and Chile ruled
byCapricorn.ForChinathedeadlyconjunctionfallsintheNadir.Theconjunctionandthe
eclipse have both taken place in Capricorn. Mercury is in close conjunction with the Moon.
The Agadir earthquake which occurred just before midnight on 29-2-1960 left nearly
12,000 people dead.
The quake on the 29th February followed the new Moon on the 26th inAquarius, an airy
sign. On the 28th the Moon joined Mercury and on the 29th the Moon was exactly in a kendra
from Saturn. The disposition of Rahu, Saturn, Jupiter, the Moon and Mercury in mutual kendras
is significant.
Moon
Mercury
Ketu
Sun
Ascdt.
Mars
Jupiter
Venus
Sun
Mars
Venus
Chart No. 3
RASI
NAVAMSA
Mercury
Ketu
Saturn
Jupiter
Ascdt. Rabu
Saturn
Moon
Several thousand square miles of north-west Iran were devastatedby a severe earthquake
on
50
2-9-1962,thefirstshockhavingoccurredat10-55p.m.75townsandvillageswereruined
50
Rasi: Taurus — Ascendant; Gemini — Mars; Cancer — Rahu; Leo — the Sun; Virgo — the Moon and Mercury;
Libra — Venus; Capricorn — Ketu and Saturn; and Aquarius — Jupiter.
Navamsa: Taurus—Mercury,Saturnand Ketu;Cancer—Ascendant; Virgo —the SunandtheMoon; Scorpio—
Venus and Rahu; and Aquarius — Jupiter and Mars.
 
 
andtenthousandpeoplewerekilled.TheLagnaatthetimeofthequakewasTaurusanearthy
signandtheearthquakefollowedinthewakeofthenewMoonon29thAugust.Themost
significantfactoristheMoonpassedoverMercuryon1stSeptember.Jupiterisinthe10thand
Mars and Jupiter in mutual trines. Mercury and Mars are again in mutual trines.
Coming to the recent Chinese earthquake, the U.S. Geological Survey, Colorado,
estimatedthemagnitudeofthe firstquake(whichoccurredon
51
28-7-1976)at1-15 a.m. (I.S.T.)
or 3-45 a.m. Peking Time as 8.2 points "on the open-ended Reichter scale" and said that it was
the world's strongest for 12 years.
Ketu Jupiter Asc. 26-2 Ascdt.
Chart No. 4
RASI
Sat. Moon
Sun Mer.
Venus
Merc.
Venus
Ketu Jupit.
Mara
NAVAMSA
Ketu
Rahu Saturn Sun Mars
ItissaidthatChinesescientistshadpredictedafewweeksearlieroftheimpending
earthquake. According to Dr. C. Barry Raeigh, geo-physicist and his colleagues in the team that
visited China a month earlier, the radio stations in Peking had been warning the people about the
natural calamity. It is also acknowledged the Government could not give any advance warning to
the people to stay out of doors.
Oneimplicationofthe disasteris,theearthquake-predictingsystem mighthave failedto
work.Butthe American visitors,referredtoabove,learntthattheChineseareabletoforewarn
on thebasisof "earthquake lights"or"ground glows"discernedintheirlaboratories andalsoby
peculiar animalbehavior.Geophysicists say the Chinese theory of "groundglows" is convincing
"becauseoftheconsiderablereleaseofelectricity"duringtheearthquakes,whichmeansa
correlationbetweenpositionsofplanetsandtheelectricaldisturbances.The Americanvisitors
didnotwishtodismissthetheory ofunusualanimalbehavior also.Twohoursbeforethequake
51
The Sun 102° 49'; the Moon 112° 28'; Mars 140° 41'; Mercury 115° 47'; Jupiter 34° 46'; Venus 113' 44'; Saturn
104° 6'; Rahu 196° 8'; and Ascendant 85° 2'.
 
 
tigers at the Tienstin zoo began acting strangely. There was panic among the chickens. Pigs
refused to enter their holes and horses and sheep ran about in a frenzy. How wonderful is nature's
earthquake sensors !
InChartNo.4,theLagnaisGeminianairysign.Thereisafive-planetcombinationin
the second house affecting the 8th or house of destruction. Jupiter and Mars are in mutual square.
Theearthquakeonthe28thfollowedonthewakeofthenewMoononthe26th.Themost
important feature is again the closeness of the Moon and Mercury. On the new Moon day, the
Moon wasinPunarvasu andtheearthquakeoccurredwhen heenteredAslesha, the constellation
held by Mercury. It seems evident that the Moon and Mercury have a significant role to play in
causing earthquakes.
On the day of the Chinese earthquake except Jupiter (and the shadowy planets Rahu and
Ketu) the rest are clustered within an arc of 38°.
IntheJanuary1978issueoftheastrologicalmagazine,wehadobservedbasedonthe
totallunar eclipseon16-9-1978"thatthereistheprobabilityofamajorearthquakeaboutthe
area of Iran". On the very same night of the eclipse day a powerful earthquake hit Iran killing
10,000 people.
From thechartsgivenabove certain basicastrologicalfactsbearing on theoccurrenceof
earthquakes thrust themselvesprominently beforeus. Ifaccordingto modernscienceeverything
in life is electrical in nature, then the tiniest atom and the great cosmos, including the planets, the
earth and the Sun, are charged bodies with a field about them and therefore subject to certain
mathematicallaws.Wedonotknowwhetherearthquakesarecausedbygravitationaleffectsof
the Sun, the Moon and other planets. The grouping of planets in certain signs show significant
correspondence with earthquakes. Planets may affect the force-field of the earth and cause
earthquakes.Infieldsofknowledgesuchaspredictingearthquakesastrologyhasmuchtooffer
tocontemporaryseismology.Ifonlymodernscientistscouldkeeptheirmindsopen,the
accumulated wisdom of astrology could be of great assistance.
Thelossoflifeanddamagetopropertyarethechieffeatures ofagreatearthquake. The
number ofpersons killedin afewminutes isindeed appalling.Fatalistsmay wanttoknow what
would be the use of knowing when earthquake and other natural calamities occur.
Theansweris,itiscertainlynotpossibletopreventtheoccurrenceofearthquakes.But
we may endeavorto lessenthe destructivepowerof earthquakesby forecastingtheir occurrence
in advance.
Though by no means conclusive, astrological data lend support to the theory of
correlation of planetary configurations with natural calamities.
 
ASTROLOGY AND WEATHER FORECASTING
ForBangalore,midnightTuesday22ndOctober1975wasanightmarebecause"a
downpour thelikeofwhich ithasnotseenperhapsfordecadesdescendedonitallonasudden
leaving behind an unprecedented trail of suffering, tribulation and misery". Within a brief span of
anhourandahalfithadrainedalmostfourinchesrenderingnearly5000homeless,injustone
locality. Wholesale grain dealers said "as much as Rs. 15 lakhs worth of stocks had been washed
away in the mini floods. Hundreds of bales of expensive textiles and thousands of bags of
cement got under water."
Themorning'snewspaperscarriedtheForecast:"generallycloudywithsunnyintervals.
One or two showers likely in the evening or light" (bold ours). There was no indication of even
ordinary rain let alone the deluge. The same phenomenon happened recently at Bombay. The
meteorologicalforecast was"someshowers"butthecityhadadeluge.Yetmeteorology
continuestobearespectable"science".Thepresent-daymeteorologistsseemtothinkthatto
forecastweatheristheirexclusiveprivilege.Meteorology,sofaraspredictionofweatheris
concerned, has retrograded rather than improved. Let the modern meteorologists study their
records of observations with the conjunctions and aspects of planets and their movements in
differentconstellations.Suchastudywouldrescuemeteorologyfromitspresenthopelessand
helpless state.
It is possible for astrology to forecast weather more accurately than meteorology? This is
the question most frequently asked by the laymen. Because of their training and a priori
considerations, some scientists have a tendency to disregard a fact of great importance, viz.,
astrologicallyitispossibletoforecastweather,muchmoreaccuratelythanmeteorology.In
astrologyasinotherfieldsofscientificstudy,thegreattemptationthatexistsistheurgetodeal
with theproblembyover-simplifyingit. Thusforinstance,thewestern astrologermightstickto
thepropositionthatacertainaspectbetweentwomajorplanetsmightcausestorms.This
inferenceisindeedanover-simplificationandnotconsistentwiththetechniquesemployedin
Hinduastrology.Thecomprehensivemethodsofweatherforecastingaretobefoundinancient
classicsandtheyshouldbeunderstoodand.appliedthroughsystematicinvestigationand
research,asotherwiseourperformancesmayfallinlinewiththerecklessperformancesofthe
meteorologists.
Accordingtothetheoryofastrologypropoundedbyancientsages,allphenomena
includingrainfall,floods,etc.,areregulatedbyplanetarymovements.Oflatesomeofthe
scientists have been indirectly endorsing astrological theories. For instance in 1962 Glen W.
BrieroftheMassachusettsInstituteofTechnologyannouncedthediscoveryofaremarkable
 
correlation between the phasesof the Moon and rainfall in U.S.A. Similar results were arrived at
independently by E. E. Adderley of the Radio-physics Division of the CSIRO in Australia. When
precipitationdatawereplottedintermsoftheMoon'sphases,itwasfoundthatheavyrain
occurred most frequently about four days after full Moon and reached a secondary peak about 4
days afternewMoon. In otherwordsthegreatest amountofrain fell whentheMoon waseither
45° or 225° from the Sun. These findings were based on the study of data taken from U.S.
Weather Bureau precipitation statistics covering the period 1900-1949 and dates of maximum
rainfall for each calendar month.
It should be within the keen observation of a student of astrology that rain tends to
increase when the Moon is at one of its nodes irrespective of its phase. Whether the mechanism
involved is gravitational or electrical we do not know. But there is no doubt that a clear
correlation persists between the movements of the Moon and variations in quantities of rainfall.
A perusal of the Sanskrit astrological works such as Brihat Samhita should convince any
doubtingThomasthatweatherforecastsamongstancientIndianrulersplayedanimportantpart
inpublic administration.Meteorologywas adistinctly comprehensive scienceandVarahamihira
deserves much credit for 1m writings embodying the important results of observation and
experiment carried on through many centuries.
To the ancient Hindu astronomers, the weather indications of one single day in a year
form the subject of so much calculation in determining the future agricultural prospect of the
land,whiletotheinexperiencedeye ofa westernmanofscience,thedayappearsasindifferent
asanyotherdayoftheyear.Thissuggeststhatmodernscienceisstillfarbehindinher
investigation of the laws of nature.
The science of weather forecasting developed by the sages explains the cause as well as
the effect of atmospheric changes through repeated occurrences pf planetary positions.
Exhaustive rules for forecasting weather have been given in ancient books, but we shall
give here only a few of them. Those who wish to make a detailed study of astro-meteorology can
refer to works like Garga Samhita, Brihat Samhita, etc.
Thepositionsofplanetsinthenorthofthecelestialequatoraresaidtohaveadefinite
influence on the movements of the pressure-systems for periods of whole seasons. It must always
beunderstoodthatthereisa"humanelement"thatgivesthewrongresultsandthatitisnotthe
faultofnature.Itiscommon-sensethatwecannotforecastaflood,evenwhentheplanetary
combinationsfavorit,inthemiddleofadesert.Norcanweforecastacoldwaveinthetropics
because such things do not generally happen. While making forecasts one should clearly take
note of climatology and geography of the land.
IthasbeenfoundthatwhenJupiterisinperihelionthereisgreatdroughtandwhenin
 
aphelionmoredampnessandcoldweatherthanusual.WhenaplanetentersCanceritwill
influence more the weather in the northern hemisphere while the southern hemisphere is more
influencedwhenthesignisCapricorn.Theseason,timeofthemonth,day,etc.,shouldallbe
considered before a forecast is made. Generally when the Sun conjoins Mercury, the weather is
giventowindyspellsalongcoastalareasandincreasethedepthofhighandlowpressure
systems. With Venus, theweathergivesrisetoincreaseinrainorsnow. WithMars,theweather
becomes warmer and especially in Aries, the summer becomes very severe. With Jupiter the
weather becomes dry and sometimes as the season changes it will bring drought. With Saturn the
pressure is stagnate over long periods and colder than normal for the season. With Rahu or Ketu,
the weather is severe for the season and changeable.
WhentheSunandtheMoonareinneutralasterismstherewillbewinds;whentheyare
in feminine asterismsthere will be lightningand phosphorescence; andwhen the Sun occupies a
feminine asterism, and the Moon a masculine asterism, or vice-versa there will be rains.
At thetime oftheSun'sIngressintoGemini,if Venusoccupiesthe2ndor12thfrom the
risingsignandwhenatthesametime,theMoonoccupiesawateryNavamsainanysign,there
willbecopiousrainsduringtheyearinquestion(AriestoPiscesisayear).WhentheSun,the
Moon, Mars, Saturn and Rahu cross the watery signs in transit and Mercury and Venus conjoin a
Sthula Rasi, there will be very heavy rains.
When the Sun, Mercury and Venus occupy the same sign and the same Navamsa, there
will be heavy rains. But if these planets occupy the same Rasi (sign) and Navamsa and they
happen to be watery signs, the rains will be all the more heavy.
When the Sun occupies an earthy sign and the Moon, Mercury and Venus occupy watery
signs,andatthattimeifarainbowisseeninthewesternside,thenalsotherewillbeplentiful
rains.
In'VarshaRitu'(July-August)arainbowintheeasternsidedoesnotgiverain.Inthe
other 'ritus'(seasons) arainbowin theeast willbring in'rains'.A rainbowinthe westduring the
Varsha Ritu brings in a pour.
WhenthemockSunisvisibletothenorthoftheSun'sdisc,therewillberain;tothe
souththerewillbeatempest;andonbothsides,a'flood'willcomein.TothetopoftheSun's
disc means some danger to the king, and below it will mean some calamities to the people.
When it rains on the new Moon days and the days succeeding them (Prathipada days)
there will be good rainfall during that bright half of the lunar month. If it rains on full Moon days
and the dark Prathipada (1st lunar date) there will be no rains in the dark half. In both Pakshas
(halflunarmonths)whenitrainsduringthefirst15ghatikas(6hours)inDwiteeya(2ndlunar
day) and the last 15 ghatikas in Prathipada (1st lunar day) there will be copious rains during
 
thosePakshas(fortnights).Whenitrainsonlyalittleonthosedays,rainswillbescarceduring
thosePakshas(fortnights).Ifitdoesnotrainthen,therewillbenorainduringthatPaksha
(fortnight).
When thewindsblow from thenorth-eastinthe evening(sandhya) ofthe fullMoonday
of Ashadha (July-August) month, there will be downpour and consequent luxuriant vegetable life
during the ensuing year.
Whenitrainsonthe4thlunarday ofthedarkhalfof Ashadha (July-August)andonthe
day ruled by Poorvabhadrain the same month, there will be luxuriantvegetation during the year
ahead.
When the 5th lunar day of the bright half of the lunar month falls on a Sunday (in
Ashadha)therewillbealittlerain.IfitisonaMonday,therewillbeadownpour.Ifitisa
Tuesday rains will be fierce; Wednesday would bring in a storm; Thursday — general prosperity;
Friday — rain and loss; Saturday — there will be misery everywhere.
If the constellation of Rohini coincides with the 10th lunar day (in the month of Ashadha)
there will be terrible rains.
TheSunoccupies21/4Nakshatraseverymonthbeginningfrom Aswini(alpha Artetis)
makingup12monthsfrom Aries.HeoccupiesPoorvashadhainthemonthofSagittariusand
stays there for 13 days and 8 hours (13 degrees and 20 minutes). If during the 1st day, all the sky
including the Sun is found to be completely covered by dark clouds, there will be rain during the
month of Gemini when the Sun occupies Aridra. Similarly, if during the 2nd day all the heavens
arefoundtobedarkbyclouds,therewillberainduringthelatterpartofGeminiandthefirst
part of Cancer when the Sun will occupy the asterism of Punarvasu. Similarly on the 3rd day, 4th
day, 5th day, 6th day and so on till the 14th day, if the same conditions prevail, there will be rains
duringthesucceedingmonthswhentheSunwillbeinPushyami, Aslesha,Makha,Pubba,till
Moola in regular succession.
The above information isuseful giving long-rangeforecasts which appear to havebeen a
speciality with our ancient meteorologists. If the heavens are clear, then there will be no rain.
Rains can be expected in the following periods:-
(a) When the combustion periods of the various planets begin and end. (b) When the
Moon conjoin with other planets, (c) Full Moon and New Moon days, (d) When the Sun transits
Cancer and Capricorn, (e) When the Sun occupies the Aridra asterism. When Mercury conjoins
JupiterorVenusorwhenJupiterjoinsVenustherewillberain.WhenMarsandSaturnjoin
together without any aspect or association of good planets, then danger from fire, lightning and
storms can be expected.
Wearealsoenabledtodeterminetheverydayoftheoccurrenceofrainfroma
 
knowledgeofthenatureofthecloudsduringtheday.Whencloudssurroundedbyaradiance
resemblingthatoftheMoon,whiteasnectar,withablue-blackspotinthecentre,andpouring
layersofwaterpassfromwesttoeastoreasttowest,wecanpredictthattherewillbeavery
heavy shower before long.
If in the rainy season, the sunrise is observed to have a 'halo' in the east and the noon
(midday) is marked by the intense heat of the Sun's rays, we can make sure that there will be rain
that day. Apart from atmospheric factors, the ancient meteorologists took note of the behaviour
ofcertainanimalsasindicatingimmediaterainfall.Theyare:Cowshastenhometomeettheir
calves. Cats scratch the ground with their claws. Hills shine at a distance and seem to have a blue
coloring. The disc of the Moon has a circular red line, the color being that of the eyes of the hen.
Chamelions climb up trees and stare stupidly at the sky. Cows too seem to stare upwards. Cocks
crowinthedaylookingup.Flashesoflightningaremarkedinthenorth-east.TheMoonis
observed to have the colour of honey or of the eyes of parrots or doves. The disc of the Moon,
though enveloped in elouds, seems to emanate a radiance round in shape — Prathi Chandra
(mock Moon).
We are asked to predict that there will be rains immediately if the following are observed:
Pearls of thunder crash in the night-time, deep red flashes of lightning are observed
duringday-time;coldwindsblowfromtheeast;youngsproutingleavesraisetheirheadshigh;
birds freely bathe in water or in dust; serpents bask in the sunshine lying on grass; clouds assume
the colorof apeacock,parrot, wildcrow orchathaka birdandseem tohave theshapeof waves,
hills, tortoise, pigs and fishes.
Evidently, the ancient meteorologists were keen students of nature as they have taken into
consideration every kind of phenomenon which, indicates a change in the weather.
IftheLagnarisingatthetimeofAriesingresshappenstobeawaterysignandis
aspected bywatery planetstherewill beproperrains.IftheRasiisa fieryone andisassociated
with or aspected by fiery planets, there will be no rain.
When AriesingresshappenstofallonRohini, Anuradha,Jyeshta,Uttarashadha,Abhijit,
Sravana, Dhanishta, the year is known as 'Indra Mandala'. The year will be happy and
prosperous.WhentheSankramana(solaringress)fallsonBharani,Krittika,Pushyami,Makha,
Pubba, Visakha and Poorva-bhadra, the year is known as 'Agni Mandala'. The effect will be fear
fromfire,povertyeverywhere,cropsfailandautumncropsaredestroyed.Whentheingress
happens to beonAswini, Mrigasira,Punarvasu, Uttara,Hasta, Chitta orSwati, thenthe year has
'Vayu Mandala'. Fear from kings, storms and scarcity of rains will be the result. When the ingress
happens to be on Aridra, Aslesha, Moola, Poorvashadha, Satabhisha, Uttarabhadra or Revati then
 
the year has 'Varuna Mandala'. Good rains and general prosperity will ensue.
If the fifth day of the bright half of the lunar month Chaitra falls on Monday or Thursday,
rainfallwillbeequallyspreadthroughoutthatyear;ifon Wednesday,disturbedrains
accompaniedbywinds; Friday,cropswillbe destroyed; Saturday or Tuesday, therewillbepoor
rains.
If the 8th day of the bright half of the lunar month Vaisakha falls on Saturday or Tuesday
famine will set in and the year will be marked by absence of regular rains. The constellation
Mrigasira or Aridra, rising on the 1st day of the lunar month Jyeshta, produces excellent rains.
The four days commencing from the eighth day in the bright half of the month of Jyeshta
(MayandJune)areknownasVayudharanadays—thatisdaysfromthewindsthatblowon
which thenature ofthehealth ofthe pregnancy ofthe rainclouds mightbe determined. If inthe
saidbrighthalfofJyeshtathereshouldbeafallofraininthefourdayswhentheMoonparsed
through the asterisms from Swati to Jyeshta, there will be rain in the rainy season, i.e., from
Sravana toKartika (AugusttoNovember). Ifon theDharana (rain supporting)days theSun and
the Moon should be covered by wet clouds there will be good rain.
The month of Jyeshta (May-June) seems to be very important for measuring the rainfall.
IfthereshouldberainwhentheMoonpassesthroughcertainasterismsfromPoorvashadhato
MoolainthelunarmonthofJyeshta,therewillalsoberainwhentheMoonpassesthroughthe
same asterisms intherainy season.Ifthereshould benorainin themonthof Jyeshta, therewill
benoraintherainyseason.IfthereshouldbeafallofrainwhentheMoonpassesMrigasira,
Chitta,RevatiandDhanishtainJyeshtatherewillbegoodrainintherainyreason.Ifthere
shouldbeafallwhentheMoonpassesthroughSatabhisha,JyeshtaandSwati,thesubsequent
rainfall will be ordinary.
When the Moon passes through the asterism of Rohini in the dark half of the lunar month
Ashadha, Rohini Yoga is caused. The astronomer "shallascertain the direction of the wind atthe
time when the Moon enters Rohini. He shall divide this day into 9 equal parts (3 hours each)
commencingfromsunrise—thepartsrepresentingseverallytheeightfortnightsofthefour
months of the rainy season from Sravana to Kartika; and he shall determine on which month or
fortnight and how long there will be rain judging from the direction and duration of the wind. "If
on the Rohini Yoga day, the sky should be clear and without clouds and the Sun exceedingly hot,
there will be rain in the rainy season". Mankind will not be happy and there will be no rains
whatsoever if there should occur unusual phenomena such as meteoric falls, thunderbolts,
mockfires, etc., on the Rohini Yoga day.
Acareful study of these rules suggests that the transit of the Moon in the constellations of
PoorvabhadraandSwatiinthelunarmonthofJyeshtaishighlysignificant.Observationofthe
 
sky, direction of the wind, appearance of mock-light, haloes, comets, lightning, thunderbolts,
etc., have all received very careful attention of the ancient writers.
Hereisanexperimentsuggestedinanancientworkto notethedirectionofwindandits
predictive use. Of course in its place we can employ the latest modern methods for observing the
direction of the wind.
(a) "One who wishes to know the direction of the wind should get a thick cloth of 24 feet
length and 6 feet width. He should hoist this cloth on a pole measuring 144 feet high firmly fixed
to theground, onthe morningof the 15th day ofthe lunarmonth Ashadha and observethe 'flag'
carefully.
"Iftheflagfliestowardstheeast(whichmeansthewindblowsfromthewest)crops
thrive well during the year; towards agneya (north-east) — rainfall will be below normal; south
or niruti(southwest) —clouds form butthere willbe little orno rain;west— excessive rainfall
andstrongwinds;vayavya(north-west)—excessiverainsandstrongwinds;north—enough
rainstogivegoodcrops;eesanya (south-east)—destructionofcrops by heavyuntimelyrains."
(b) When the 7th day of the bright half of the lunar month Ashadha coincides with the 4th
quarterofPoorvabhadra,UttarabhadraorRevati,aclearhalowillformaroundtheSunandthe
rains will be mixed with heavy winds during the year in question.
According to Hindu meteorology, Venus is closely associated with rainfall. Here are some
hints.
(a) Rainfall will be below normal in the year in which, during the lunar months of
Sravana,Kartika,Margasira,MakhaorJyeshta,VenussetsandasolareclipsecausedbyRahu
occurs.
(6)TherewillbeunprecedentedrainfallresultinginheavyfloodswhenVenusrises
heliacally or sets in the constellations of Swati, Visakha and Anuradha.
(c) For want of rains, famine will break out when Venus rises or sets in one of the
constellations from Jyeshta to Sravana.
(d) There will be drought conditions when Venus sets in or retrogrades in Makha or
Uttarashadha.
(e) When Mars and Saturn are in conjunction, rainfall will be very low.
(f) Clouds become scattered and rainfall disturbed, when the Sun, Mars and Venus transit
the same sign.
(g) If Jupiter joins the above combination, clouds will deliver rains in plenty.
(h) When Jupiter retrogrades in Rohini, the year will have less rainfall.
Much rain results when Jupiter is in Pisces while Venus is in Cancer. Heavy winds occur
when they are in any airy triplicity and extreme heat is fell when in a fiery triangle. In an earthy
 
triplicitytheclimateisrenderedverydry,exceptwhenJupiterisstronglyaspectedbyamoist
planet at the time of its ingress into an earthy triplicity.
WhenMarsisinAriesintrinetotheSuninLeoahotseasonismadehotterstilland
warmthaddedto acoldperiod.Raininabundanceisshownwhentheyare inawatery triplicity
and in conjunction with Venus. Very heavy rainfall follows an eclipse or a great conjunction in
Cancer,ScorpioandPiscesandmoresoifSaturnandJupiterseeeachotherortheyaspectthe
phenomena referred to.
ItiswellknownthatwhentheSunisinconjunctionwithSiriustheheatbecomes
offensive and no rain could be expected unless the Sun is aspected either by Saturn and Jupiter or
Venus. When Venus istransiting the area known as Pleiades in Taurus there is much rain and the
air is kept cool.
During the cold season Venus in conjunction with Saturn gives rain. In northern and
southern latitudes, farther than the Tropics, there will be heavy snow-falls. During the hot season
in the equatorial regions there will be rain and hail-storms.
Mercury inconjunctionoroppositionwithVenus gives bothsunshineandshowers.Real
gloomyweatherwithheavymistsresetswhenMercury,MarsandSaturnformatrigraha-yoga
having the aspect of Venus. Cold, dull weather can be foreseen at a time when Saturn is aspected
by either Sun or Mars together with an aspect of Venus.
Jupiter in a watery sign in conjunction with or in opposition to Venus gives short showers
andaverycoolatmosphere. Thepeople geta newzestforlife.Jupitersoplacedwithanaspect
ofSaturninanairysignproducesawindyandwetday.PlentyofrainfollowswhenMarsin
CancerisaspectingVenusinLibra andtherainswill continueforseveraldays iftheMoonand
Jupiter cast their aspect also.
Mars rules thunder and when he is in a fiery sign, there will be terrific thunder without
rain. Sometimes lightning also occurs. If he is aspected either by Venus or Saturn heavy rain with
largedropsofwaterwillpourdownaccompaniedbyviolentthunder.WhenevertheSunisin
conjunction with or in opposition to Saturn the weather is cool (or cold according to the latitude)
ifMarsorMercurydoesnotaspectstheSun.SimilarindicationsarenotedwhenJupiterisin
conjunction with or in opposition to Saturn. The aspect of Mars and Saturn produce clear, cool
weather with slight showers but Saturn and Venus produce a dull wet time. Any planet separating
fromanaspectof Jupiterandapplying toanaspectofSaturn,reducethetemperatureoftheair.
Inlatitudeswherewinterisnormaltherewillbebittercoldwinds.Alongtheequatorthe
temperature will be reduced.
AmildwintercanbeeasilyforeseenwhenatthetimeofSun'singresstoCapricorn
(along December 22) the Moon or Venus passes over Saturn and joins Jupiter. A very cold, hard,
 
frosty and snowy winter follows if the movement is from Jupiter to Saturn. Astrologers in
England and Germany can verify this. Droughts are noticed when Saturn is unaspected in Aries,
Leo or Sagittarius.
Strong south-west winds are indicated when Mars or Saturn occupy Gemini, Libra or
Aquariusandareinoppositionorsquaretoeachother.MarsinGeminiandSaturninPisces
assuredly bring heavy blowing. South-west winds do result when Jupiter is in Aquarius in
opposition to Saturn in Leo. North-west monsoon winds are ruled by Saturn and South-west, by
Jupiter.Whentheyareinairysignsthedirectionofthewindiseasilyascertained.South-west
winds also arise when an eclipse occurs in an airy sign. North winds, Jupiter; easterly, Saturn;
western, Mars; southern, Venus; and mixed,Mercury.Theairisessentiallyruledbytheplanet
which is applying to the Moon after its conjunction, opposition or square with the Sun.
The abovemethods may looksomewhat fantastictous, educatedas weare, accordingto
Western methods, but having due regard for the wisdom of the sages, it would be well to test the
truthoftheirstatements. Anappealtofacts,ifconductedfairly and extendeddayby day overa
sufficient length of time — for a casual observation now and again is not sufficient — is sure to
convince the observer that certain planetary positions do actually accompany definite changes in
weather and that this occurs too frequently to be dismissed as chance-coincidence.
Modernastronomersandmeteorologistswouldfinditmoreusefulandmoreinstructive
towatchforandstudysuchcoincidencesthantoconfinetheirobservationsofMarsandSaturn
tothedelightfulamusementof"testingphotometricallyandalsophotographicallythelusterof
the conjoined planets".
 
XI
52
ASTROLOGY AS AN AID TO MEDICAL SCIENCE
If we closely examine the innumerable combinations listed in ancient classical texts on
whatiscalledmedicalastrology,therewouldbefoundtoexistanamazingseriesofparallels
betweentheregularmotionsoftheplanetsinthesolarsystemofwhichourearthisapart,and
theebbandflowofphysical,mentalandemotionalphenomenapeculiartohumanlifeonearth.
Of whatuseafterall,toextendtheboundaries of our physical domain, by thediscoveryofnew
starsandgalaxiesifsomeattemptisnotmadeatthesametimetodiscoverthesignificanceof
thesephenomena,asappliedtolivingbeingsandtheirproblemsofexistenceandevolution?
TodaywhilenoseriousorsystematicattemptshavebeenmadeinIndiatoassessthepractical
importance of the ancient discoveries in the field of astrology, it is encouraging to find that some
men of science-psychologists, doctors, etc., in the West have begun building up a new science of
astralorstellardiagnosisonthedemonstrablebasis offactsandstatistics. Whatisinterestingis
the fact that the investigations of these scientific workers have been indirectly corroborating
many of the basic concepts of medical astrology as revealed by our ancient sages.
Throughoutthecenturies,astrology hadhadcloseconnectionswithmedicine.Inancient
India, astrology and Ayurveda were intimately connected. An Ayurvedic doctor was required to
be an astrologer too. But with the introduction of allopathy into India, the importance of
astrology as a diagnostic test was reduced for a time. But now a reaction appears to have already
setin largelydueto the fact thatahandfulofleadingmedicalmeninEuropeand America have
been experimenting with medical astrology.
The dependency between the Sun and disease-incidence is indeed remarkable. Apart from
wave-radiation,theSunalsosendsoffflowsofcorpuscleswhicharesometimesdabbed"the
solar wind". Instruments installed on artificialsatellites and rockets haveshown that corpuscular
radiation preventsflows ofplasmawhich havemagneticfields oftheir own. Thismagnetic field
interactswiththemagneticfieldoftheearthandinfluencesterrestrialphenomena.Itcanaffect
the electrical potentialofanindividualincluding theelectricalactivity ofthe brain.(Thehuman
brain, accordingto Vasiliev,radiates intosurroundingspace electro-magnetic energy inthe form
of radio-waves.) Due to this electric activity, various nerve impulses are sorted out and converted
intosensations,thoughtsandactions.Itwillbeseenthatitisthegeometricalarrangementsof
planets that give rise to solar flares. In the astrological language, these planetary arrangements
52
Summary of a lecture delivered by the author at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, on 26-2-
1975.
 
 
are the yogas which denote a definite pattern of events. Human beings, as Dr. Michael, M.R.C.S.
says, have around them an energy-shell or field, which corresponds to the halo around a radio-
activeparticle.Thebodyradiates,theintensityvaryingwiththedifferentorgans.Thereforeits
healthorill-healthdependsupontheharmonyexistingbetweenitsownradiationandthe
intensity of radiations received from the Sun, as well as from the cosmos at a given time.
In plain language, certain influences are exerted on our bodies by planets and stars and
these are tendencies which can be dealt with by human beings in a positive or negative manner.
The experiments of Dr. Edson Andrews have revealed that 82% of bleeding crises occur
between the Moon's 1st and 3rd quarters. According to Prof. Revitz, there is considerable voltage
increase in the electrical potential of a human being very 14 days at the time of New or Full
Moon.Theseelectricalchangescorrespondwithsharpchangesintheperson'smoods.
Consequently the forces behind the Moon are said to aggravate maladjustments and conflicts.
The entire writing on nishekavidhi or conception deserves attention of modern
gynaecologists. Clear ideas concerning the periodic fertility in a woman and their correlation to
certain cosmic patterns have been given.According to gynaecologists Ogino and Knaus, the best
fertile periods for conception in women (in the case of 28 and 30 days of menstrual cycles) are
the 14th, 15th and 16th days from the commencement of menstruation. It appears that the
pituitary controls the uterus up to the 16th day from the commencement of the menstruation, i.e.,
the rupture of the graffian follicle. And according to the astrological work Jataka Parijata, the
nightsof14,15and16arethebest forconceivingoffspring. Theseobservationsagree withthe
experimentalevidencecollectedbyProf.Knausthatonthe15thnightfromthelastdayof
menstruation, the ovum is born.
I should like to digress a bit and make a reference to the famous theory of "Thri-dosha".
As commonly understood, Vata, Pitta and Sleshma are taken to mean gas, bile and phlegm
respectively,andsothetheory,inthefaceofit,maylooksomewhatunacceptable.Butifwe
examinetheconceptsof Ayurvedainacriticalway,wecanfindacloseresemblancetowestern
scientific thought.
The word vata is derived from the root va, meaning motion or indicative of motion (....).
The word pitta has its root in tapa (...) meaning agitation, excitation, energy, Kapha or Sleshma
meansclasp,attraction, embrace,gravitation(...)Chakrapani,thefamous commentator,clarifies
that one has to understand the inherent meaning of the three words vata, pitta and kapha as
motivity, agility and gravity respectively. Put in a different way, these three qualities correspond
to motion, energy and inertia. It may not be quite safe to assume that vata, pitta and kapha are
just the three chemical substances of wind, bile and mucus.
Ittookyearsoftheoreticalreasoningandpracticalexperimentationforsciencetoaccept
 
thatenergyisaqualityofmattertillthepresentationbyEinsteinofhistheoryofrelativity. The
discovery that any state of matter is formed by the three qualities of inertia (sleshma), energy
(pitta) and motion (vata) should indeed go to Ayurveda.
AsthegreatSusruthasays,justastheSun,theMoonandWindarenecessaryforthe
regular functioning of this world, so also it is pitta, vata and sleshma that regulate the health of
the human body. The effect of the three physical qualities (motion, energy and gravitation or
inertia) on the living cell is on the same lines as it is in the cosmos.
The human ailments could be linked to the outcome of the gravitational pulls exerted by
planets through rotation and revolution. The disequilibrium that arises in the doshas are due to
theinteractionbetweenthefield-forcesemanatingfromtheplanetsontheonesideandthe
human organism on the other.
Accordingtoastrology,therearethreegroupsofasterismswhichareinlinewiththe
three doshas of Ayurveda. For instance, one born in a vata group of constellations would indeed
be generally predisposed towards diseases arising from vata. Similarly, the planets and signs
have also governance over the three dhatus. The Sun governs mostly pitta and a little of vata; the
Moon mostly vata. etc. In the astrological literature, there is a thorough classification of diseases
and the planetary patterns which cause them. The Moon rules the mind, the Sun rules the soul or
selfandMercuryrulesthenervoussystem.Disordersarisingfrompsychosisandneurosisand
certain mental abnormalities — exaggeration of certain traits recognizable nearly in all people —
arerespectivelycausedbyacombinationoffactors involvingtheMoon,Mercury,Mars,Saturn
andtheNodes.Anotherpsychologist,basedonstatisticalresearch,hasdiscoveredamarked
correspondence between different types of mental disorders and Mercury's afflictions. Obviously
this reminds us of the age-old theory of the Hindus.
(…) meaning that if in a horoscope, the Moon and Mercury are in certain mutual
dispositions afflicted by Mars, Saturn or the Nodes, it generally indicates mental disorders.
Inactualpractice,suchacombinationispresentmostlyinthehoroscopesofpersons
sufferingfromobsessionalneuroses,delusionsandfalsebeliefs.Thedeclinationorkrantiof
Mercurycangiveaclueastowhetheraperson's'escapemechanism'willmakehimbroodover
thepast,orhugtheillusionofafool'sparadiseinthepresent,orgetintoUtopiaofthefuture.
But ifthereis aJupiterianaspect,thepicture is entirely changed. Thepersonwill bethoughtful,
andwillhaveaveryunderstandingmindandgoodpowerofjudgment.RemovetheMoonand
substitute Mars: you have the mechanical aptitude.
Ifoneissuffering frommentalfatigue,enhancedself-consciousness,developmentofan
inferioritycomplex,generalirritability,deep-seatedfear,youcansaythathehastheMoonand
Rahu inconjunctionaspectedby Saturn.Ifinsteadof theMoon,theaffliction iscentered onthe
 
Ascendant,thesymptomsreveal themselvesin theformoffatigue,eyetremor,nausea,soreness
ofthemuscle,etc.MelancholiaisproducedbythesimpleconjunctionoftheMoonandSaturn.
The person suffers from acute depression. Of course, constellational positions modify the effects.
The Sun-Jupiter-Mars influences centered on Mercury or the Moon induce schizophrenia. If the
rulingperiodhappenstobethatofMars,heispronetodevelopapersecution-complex. There
are,ofcourse,manyformsofschizophreniarangingfromtheday-dreamerandfantasy-weaver,
downtothepersonwhorelapsesintoakatatoniccondition. Theessentialpatternofthemental
maladyisclearlydiscernibleinthehoroscope.Studiesinastro-psychologyhaverevealed
interestingdetailsasregardsthepositiveandnegativetraitsofplanets.Onthepositiveside,the
Moonisimaginativeandvariable.Onthenegativesideirresponsible,moodyandvacillating.
Saturnisconscientious,clearheaded,careful,self-controlledandconservativelyconscious.On
the negative side, he is narrow-minded, fixated, callous, miserly and ambitious in a selfish way.
Onthepositiveside,Rahuisunconventional,independentandhumanistic.Onthe
negative side, he is unsocial, eccentric, neurotic and mildly destructive. The interpretation of
these traits depends upon the experience and skill of the psycho-astrologer.
Many psychiatrists and psycho-analysts in the West have reported that they have found
thathoroscopesproperlycastandintelligentlyinterpretedisavaluablediagnostictest.Thesay
that"ahoroscopeismoreusefulthanaRorschachtest:A Rorschachshowsonlythepatient's
condition at the time the test is taken, whereas a horoscope reveals his basic psychological set-
up".
Thescienceofmedicalastrologydealswithinnumerablediseases.Diseaseslike
consumption, blindness, hysteria, menstrual disorders, leprosy, rheumatism, gastric troubles,
cardiac troubles, etc., have been dealt with extensively. Medical science with its improved
instruments,X-ray,bloodtests,cardiogram,etc.,hasnodoubtmadegreatstridestowardsbetter
methods of diagnosis. But we have to note that medical knowledge should go beyond the science
of the diseases. The physician must clearly distinguish the sick human being described in books
from the concrete patient whom he has to treat. The physician's role is to discover the
characteristics ofthesick man'sindividuality,his resistanceto pathogenic factors,his sensibility
to pain, his past and his future. The outcome of an illness in a given individual has to be
predictednotbyacalculationoftheprobabilitiesbutbyapreciseanalysisoftheorganic,
humoralandpsychologicalpersonalityofthisindividual. Anditisonlythehoroscopethatcan
provide this personality. By studying a horoscope, the physician will know the character of the
patient whether his will is weak, and whether he is negative or emotional.
"Symptoms" give indications of disease which is in the process of materializing. But the
horoscopecanshowthelatenttendenciestodiseases.Whentheplanetaryaspectshavebeen
 
stirredinto action,the Dasa(period)andBhukti(sub-period)dispositionsgivethediagnostician
the key to it. The key to the mysteries of the human body lies shrouded in physiology. Medical
science slices tissues, examines them under the microscope and seeks to find where The disease
lies.Thevitalforcewhichsustainslifecomesintothebodyfromthefourthdimension.The
reason why vitalizm is neglected in modern scientific study is because there are no instruments
capableofrecordingitdirectlywhilstastrologyprovidesareadycluetotheindividualitiesof
thisforce."Electro-cardiographs,electro-encephalographsandmeasuringthemetabolicrateare
usefulbutcannotberevealingenough. Therearenotmerelytwomaintypesofmetabolismbut
inreality12differenttypes,towhichtheonlyclueisastrology.ThustheSun,wheninTaurus
and receivingtherays of Saturn,istumor-forming anddefinitely points totheneed fora special
wayoflivingwhichisquitedifferentfromanindividualwhohastheSunin Virgo andsquared
byMars,forthelatterdoesnotproliferatethecellsasdoestheformerbutbreaksthemdown
which readily ulcerate. Or when Saturn is in Aquarius and afflicts the Sun or the Moon, one is
unaccountablynervous,andjittery,hasundueperspiration.MarsinVirgo,inbadaspecttothe
Sun and the Moon, gives-hyper-insulism. They have the opposite of diabetes"
"There are also conditions not recognized in medicine which, none-the-less, markedly
interferewithhealth. ThosewhohavetheSunandtheMooninfierysignsorconstellations are
subjecttoaconditionwhich,whilenotadisease,canhaveverydetrimentalresultsifnot
corrected.Theytendtobecomedehydratedandiftheyliveinadry,warm,sunnyclimatewill
develop a nervous state almost impossible to diagnose." These are some of the important rules of
an individual hygiene.
The extraordinary insight medical astrology affords the doctor into the nature of the
wholeofhispatienthastobeexperiencedtobebelieved.Thequickinsighthecanobtainin
differential diagnosis will save his time. For instance, Saturn in Libra, afflicting Mercury,
inducesveryobscurespasmsinthebloodvesselsofthekidneywhichfrequentlyisonly
confirmed after many blood chemistry examinations simply because the condition comes and
goes.
The position of the Sun is of the greatest consequence in understanding the vitality of a
person.Thecausesofvariationinsolarradiation-intensitiesatthesurfaceoftheeartharethe
orbital distance between the Sun and the earth.
InJuly,whentheSunisinCancer,forinstance,thedistancebetweentheSunandthe
earth isgreatest. During thisperiod, thebiological energy waxes inthe northernhemisphere and
biological activity takes on a new pattern. In January (when the Sun is in Capricorn), he is
nearest to the earth and the radiation-intensity exceeds by 7%. The horoscope is cast, taking the
longitude and latitude of the place of birth, when the angular, solar and planetary positions affect
 
animate or inanimate things.
Astrologically, one, who has Cancer rising* will have low vitality and he is too loath to
follow the advice of others. He is suspicious by nature and lacks faith in others. But when the
Sun is in this sign, the native has more vitality. Cancer has the rule over the stomach, diaphragm,
upper lobes of the liver, the pancreas, and the gastric vein and serum of the blood. When the sign
is afflicted, the person will be predisposed to indigestion, flatulence, dropsy and sclerosis — the
exactdiseasedependinguponthenatureofafflictedplanetCancerpeoplearefondoffoodand
are hearty eaters. Consequently, they are often afflicted with diseases which originate in wrong
diet.
As a sample, I shall deal with one or two diseases. In the realms of appendicitis and heart
diseases, thousands of horoscopes have been studied and the fundamental astrological
ingredients of these diseases have been defined. Rahu and Mars, prominent in respect of the 6th
house, reveal one's susceptibility to appendicitis and it will manifest under the directional
influencesoftheafflictedplanets.Becauseofthisadvanceknowledge,oneshouldadoptaplan
of operation to counteract these influences.
Similarlywithregardtoheartdiseases.Astherearemanyformsofheartdiseases,the
indicators vary.
An affliction to the Sun is a sine-qua-non of heart trouble. When other planetary aspects
enterthisbasicpicture,furthercomplicationswillappear. AnafflictionbyKeturevealsaheart
weakenedbypoisonfromsomemalfunctioningorganorfromanotherdiseaseorinfection.For
coronary thrombosis, the affliction must take place in certain sensitive areas. While the physical
andmedicalaspectsofhearttroubleareextremelyinvolvedandnotwodoctorsliketwo
astrologerscompletelyagreeintheirdiagnosis,theastrologicalinfluencesarenotdifficultto
trace.Closelyalliedwithheart-difficultiesinpopularthinkingishyper-tension—highblood
pleasure — supposed to be the most prevalent of all their ailments in America. In fact it has the
distinctionofbeingcalled"allAmericandisease".Whilehyper-tensionmayoccurwithout
accompanying difficulties, it is most often associated with obesity, arteriosclerosis, gall-bladder
troublesandkidneyinfections,thoughitmaychooseanymaladyasitspartnerincrime.The
basic horoscopical indicators of hyper-tension are prominent angular Sun plus an afflicted Saturn
or Mars. The planet from which the malefic (Saturn or Mars) draws its chief affliction (e.g.,
squareMercury)willdeterminethenatureoftheaccompanyingdifficulty,ifthereistobeone.
AnafflictionfromJupiterpredisposestovascularconstructionbyarterialdeposits,fromRahu
encourages high tension in daily life and will cause an increase in adrenal secretions. If the sign
involvedisLibra,itindicatesaccompanyingkidneytroublecausedbypoisonsfromtheupper
alimentary tract. Similarly all other diseases can be judged fairly accurately.
 
The signs Aries to Pisces rule the different organs from head to foot and diseases of the
organs concerned can be ascertained by studying the affliction.
Awordaboutcancer. Thoughitisafrighteningword,doctorssayitiscurableprovided
adequatetreatmentisbegunintime.Sothetimefactorisimportant. AccordingtoDr.JohnJ.
Schifferes,cancerissaidtobeagroupofdiseasescharacterizedbywhathecallsuncontrolled
"lawless"growthofbodycells.Healsosaysthatnobodyyetknowswhatcausescancer. When
American experts cameoutwith their report,linkingcigarette-smoking andcancer,many heavy
puffers, itissaid,stoppedreadingthereport. TheGermanexpertssaythatpollutedairisatthe
bottom of this disease. Now cancer is being linked with a good head of hair.After examining the
hair patternsof 186lung cancer patientsin ahospital, twoNewOrlean physicians havecome to
thehair-raisingconclusionthatbaldnessandcarcinomadonotgohandinhand.Lungcancer,
they say, strikes three to four times as often in men with bountiful hair as in men with bald spots.
This kind of hair-splitting logic can only lead to side-splitting laughter. A certain result of all this
confusionisgoingtobethatnobodywilllistenanymoretoexperts,hair-brainedorotherwise.
Butitopensupvariousotherhilariouspossibilities.MorepeopleintheWestaregettingtaller,
says areport;andmorearealsogettinglungcancer;heightandcancerarelinked.Peopleprone
to bitetheirfinger-nails orchew leadpencilsortwistclips intosurrealisticshapesare positively
protected from cancer!
Whatevermightbetheopinionofexperts,200or300horoscopesofcancerpatients
studiedfurnishmaterialforcertainbroadconclusions.TheconstellationofAsleshashouldbe
related to the Ascendant or the 6th house and afflicted by Mars.
Manyofthereadersmaybefamiliarwithastrologicalterminology. At leasttheywillbe
knowing there are 12 signs of the zodiac, 27 stars and nine so-called planets. It is by a
permutationandcombination oftheinfluencesshedbythesevariousbodiesthatanastrological
materia-medicahasbeenconstructed.Thefundamentalpurposeofmedicalastrologyistoaida
physician in discovering what diseases would be produced under different planetary dispositions
and the duration ofsuch diseases When properly applied, astrology wouldquickly determine the
seat of disease.
When medical astrology has so much to offer in the matter of disease diagnosis, why is it
being ignoredby themedicalprofession? Conservatismand prejudicemay be partly responsible
and ignorance of the subject partly responsible.
Scientific orthodoxy could be as harmful as religious orthodoxy, but medical men who
seem tobe open-minded enoughto make investigations which transcendtheregions of accepted
medical methods, are in the minority.
Research work would eventually tend to corroborate what ancient astrologers have
 
written regarding the relationship existing between the motions of the heavenly bodied and man's
health and sickness.
Science, by definition, should cover all fields of knowledge and if known laws of science
cannotexplainasetofphenomena,thenthelawshavetobesuitablyvaried.Itisinterestingto
note that while nothing is being done in India, in spite of the tall lalk of encouraging Ayurveda,
theUnitedStatesDepartmentofHealth,EducationandWelfarehasannouncedthatthereis
enoughevidenceforexpertresearchintohealthindicationsinaperson'spalmandfingerprints.
Dr.Rosnersaysthatscientistshavebeenawareforsometimepastthatcertainabnormalfinger
and palmar patterns occur in about 70% cases of mongolism.
The remedial aspect of astrology is also very important. For certains afflictions or
arishtayogas in the horoscope, i.e., inharmonious dispositions of planets which may express
themselves as mental or physical afflictions, remedial measures based on mantrasastra are
suggested in ancient texts.
The arishtayogas merely indicate the deficiency of the requisite or normal energy-quanta
and this can be compensated by mantras whicharenothingbutpacketsorbundlesofadjusted
formsofsoundvibrations.Recentresearchescarriedonsoundwaveshaveclearlyshowntheir
therapeuticalvalue.Inprescribingdifferenttypesofmantrasfordifferenttypesofmentaland
physicalafflictions,ourancientmedicalmenlikeDhanvantri,Susruta,etc.,seemtohavebeen
alive to the tremendous potentiality of sound vibrations.
 
XII
53
ASTROLOGY Vs FUTUROLOGY
Theso-calledFuturologyisthelatestadditiontothelistofmodernsciencesor
speculations about how human affairs look like in the distant future — 2000 A.D., 4000 A.D.,
etc., etc. Recently hundreds of "scientists, teachers, sociologists", etc., met in America to
"visualize the meaning of the 21st century". They claim that "futurology" has now been accorded
(perhaps by themselves) "the status of an important discipline, not only because it represents an
essentialfunctionofthethinkingmanbutalsobecauseitbringswithinitsambitallhuman
knowledgeandallsciencesandartsandstrivestointegratethem". Andwhatisastrologybut
futurologybuiltonsounderandmoresystematicmathematicallaws.Butthescientistwould
rathercoinanewtermandbasehisfindingsonspeculationsthantoadmitastrologyintothe
comityofso-calledaccepted sciences.Manyascientisthavemadeupmindsandrefuseto
concede that before they knew anything of futurology, there were savants and sages in this part
of the worldwho had made deep studiesof lawsof naturewhich linked happeningson theearth
with happenings in the cosmos.
Even in the West, there are some fair-minded scientists who admit that at all the
boundaries of science, they come up against what are perhaps the "inherent limitations of human
understanding".
Take,forexample,thechasmthatexistsbetweenwhatbiologydescribesandwhatthe
mindexperiences.Ifwetrytocontemplatethelimitsofspaceorthebeginningoftime,we
encounterinsolublecontradictionsinphysicalsciences.Whyshouldnumericalandgeometrical
laws govern the transformations of the "transient entities of the atomic and sub-atomic world"?
The triumph of structural chemistry is said to be an essential understanding of the genetic code in
living matter.Butwhy thecode-bearingmoleculescanreplicatethemselvesonlyinalivingcell
and not in isolation is baffling the scientists.
The confusion evident in the thinking of the present-day scientists about the universe, life
and matter and future of mankind is clearly reflected in the often contradictory statements made
by different eminent scientists on the same subject.
The ancient Hindu savants declared that gravitation (...) was a property (...) of matter and
Newtonsaidthesamething.TheGermanphilosopherErnestMachsaidthatlocalbehaviorof
matter is influenced by the distant parts of the universe — an idea which appears to have been
borrowed by Dr. Hoyle, but which indeed is the basic assumption of astrological science.
There is a flood of new theories let loose by some of the "futurologists" who, wearing the
53
Summary of a lecture delivered by the Author at the Indian Institute of World Culture, Bangalore, on 1st January
1978.
 
 
mantleofmodernscience,indulgeinstatementswhichsmackofscare-mongeringand
amusement.
Thelatestbogeyofthesescientistsisthattheworldisfacedwiththegrimprospectof
population-explosion.Thesescare-mongersaredefinitethatthe"next75yearswillbeamost
critical period in man's history. We will face disaster".
AccordingtoSirJulianHuxleypopulationincreaseisthe"key-problem-ofourage".
AccordingtoPeterBishop,"thereisrightwithustodayagrowingperilmoreappallingeven
than a H-Bomb explosion". The British astronomer Hoyle widens his horizon and forecasts that
in 5000 A.D. a new species will inhabit the earth. He is "precise", unlike astrologers who indulge
in probability, that in the year 2000 A.D., the world population will be 6,000 million; in 2250
A.D., it will be 25,000 million; and in 2400A.D. — only 428 years away from now — man will
haveonlystandingroomonthisplanet.Howcanweallowsuchanuncontrolledgrowth?Prof.
Hoyle opines that this can be stopped not merely by cutting the birth-rate but by "raising the
death-rate". Explode acouple ofhydrogen bombsnow and theworld willbe safer by 2400 A.D.
Thescientistsdonotstopatthat.Theygofurtherandsaythat"therewillbeacollapseofthe
world's population after it has touched a peak of 25,000 million; andplease mark the succeeding
statement — in 300 years' time (from the time of peak-point), there will be population collapse to
thelevelof2000million.Andthiswillagainrisetothepeak,collapse,rise,collapse;etc.—
constantly oscillating; and following a "process of biological distillation" man will be quite
another creature by the end of 6999 A.D. All this is very exciting coming as it does from
scientists — futurologists and not from astrologers.
Then we have the bleak forecast of the human race automatically annihilating itself on
Friday13-11-2026.Thisistheconclusionofthebrainchildofthescientist—acomputer.This
was programmed some time ago at the National Institute of Natural Resources in Mexico City by
feeding"birth-rate,mortalitytrends,existingfoodresourcesandfutureforecasts".Accordingto
theforecastofthiscomputer,"ourgreat-grandchildrenwillbethelastmenandwomentowalk
on the earth as we know it".
If,accordingtoHoyle,theworldpopulationwillbe6,000millionin2000A.D.the
Mexicoscientistsestimatethepopulationtobe7,000millions.Betweenthecalculationoftwo
modern scientists, the difference is just 1,000 million! — not 100, 1,000s or even 1 million. Yet
theyarescientistsandnoscientistdarecriticizethembecausetheirconclusionsarebasedon
"scientific" faces.
And we have the strange phenomenon of some "scientists" in India who perhaps ignorant
of the latest findings in physical sciences establishing correlations between planetary movements
and terrestrial events cry day in and day out that astrology is no science because no one predicted
 
the date of this or that event. Stretching the argument of these "scientists", the inference is
evidentbecause'Aryabhata'wasanuisance,'Bhaskara'aflop,andSriHarikotalaunchinga
miserable failure, space-science is no science !
We can fully sympathize with the plight of such "scientists" who have made up or closed
mindsandwhoconsiderittheirprivilegetoattackastrologydayinanddayoutnoton
intellectual or logical levels but on loose and ignorant generalizations.
Most of these experts like Professor Barry Commoner and Dr. Heiuz Von Porster of the
bourgeoisieWestorMr.IgorVernadskiofSocialistRussiapredictWorld-destructionthrough
over-population orsomegiganticupheavalin spaceor"wewillpoisonourselvestodeath"even
during the next century.
Thereareotherscientists,absolutepessimists,likeJacquesPiccardwhothinksthathe
"wasseriouslydoubtfulwhethermankindwouldlastoutanotherhundredyears." Accordingto
others yet, the world will end "around the year 2070" because of "atomic threat and widespread
suicidal pollution".
Theseprophetsofdoom,allscientistsenjoyingthepatronageofcivilizedGovernments
allovertheworldandnotpoorastrologerswhohavetodependupontheirownresourcesand
what little patronage they get from the thinking public, do not leave us here. They go further and
assertcategoricallythat"unlessthebirth-rateisdrasticallychecked"—herewehaveasilver
lining—"civilizationasweknowitisdoomed.Governmentswillcollapse,lawandorderwill
vanish,mass-rioting,plaguesanddiseasewillsweeptheearth".Wahtisappallingis,mankind
will literally go back to the jungle! To these futurologists of this way of thinking, the population-
explosionandallthehellitwillletlooseonusaregrimpossibilitiesoffact"intheforeseeable
future". If we are to believe these speculators, then by the time you complete reading this chapter
"another1,800babieswillhaveutteredtheirfirstcry".Eveninregardtothetime-factorasto
whenthiscatastrophewillbefalltheearth,theyarenotuncertainthoughnotquitedefinite.Just
45 years from now and you are doomed!
The scare-mongering of futurologists is not confined merely to the doom of our planet by
population-explosion. Other catastrophes are also anticipated.
According to Dr. Bruce C. Heazen of the La Mount Geological Observatory, the earth's
magneticfieldwillreverseinabout4000 A.D. Whatistheconsequence?Theearth'smagnetic
fieldblinksandalllifeonearthincludingofcoursethatofthepuinycreatureManwillbe
unprotected from bombardment from cosmic rays and the umbrella in space now protecting you,
meandDr.Bruceisremoved.Drasticmutationsinlivingthingswillbecausedbycosmicrays
andtheconsequencesofthis"mutationepidemic"cannotbegrasped.Dr.Heazenalsotellsus
thatthis"magneticswitch"hasoccurredbeforeinthehistoryoftheearthandthatithappens
 
every 700,000 to a million (italics ours) years.
The first signs of the mutation epidemic would be "trouble with compasses". Scientists
will hold public debates — if of coursetheir thinking power isnot affected by the cosmic forces
bombarding them when there is no more the earth's magnetic field to shield them of how to meet
the coming catastrophe.
"Biologistswouldsoonannouncethatplanetsandanimalswereproducingnewspecies.
Thespigotofevolutionwouldbeturnedon.Newflowers,newinsectswouldemerge.Perhaps
new virus and bacteria that would ignore all of man's antibiotics would cause a rise in the death-
rate.
"Then thefullblowwould fallwhenitwas foundthatmoreand morebabieswerebeing
born freaks. The thalidomide episode in Europe would be nothing to the generation of monsters
being born all over the world.
"With the technological progress that one might imagine in the next 2,000 years, could
man create his own umbrella of magnetism, possibly with the energy of fusion reactions?
"Or would it help to send prospective parents into deep caves beyond the reach of cosmic
radiation?
"Sincethedeath-ratewasrisingandmanyofthechildrenborncouldnotsurvive,there
would be a decrease in the earth's human population. Controls on population which must
certainlybeputintoeffect onthiscrowdedplanetlongbeforetheyear4000,mighthavetobe
removedinordertokeepthespeciesgoingatall." Andintheyearofgrace4001 A.D.there
would be the birth of the first child of the new super-human race !
Thereadingsoffuturologistsgivenaboveareindeeddarkandpessimistic.Ofcourse
brighter shades contradicting the evil indications are also not missing.
According to Henry Dreyfus, by 2000 A.D., "moderately well-off people will have homes
filled with marvels of invention". If you happen to; be "moderately well-off" and are lucky
enoughtofiveforanother20years,youwillbeableto"varythelightinginyourhouse"to
match your mood and cool crisp lighting for reading or warm pink lighting for dining.Your wife
willbakeacakeina"microwaveoven"whichcooksfoodwithoutheatingtheovenandwhen
the mealis over "thedisposal plastic-platesand cutlery will be groundto dust andautomatically
flushed away". Other prophecies are: "Whole families will be able to visit each other by T.V. The
cheapest ordinary car will bea turbo-propelledmachinedoing 150miles anhour suspendedone
foot above the ground on an air cushion".
AccordingtoDr.JosephSchultz,"womenin2000 A.D.willhavepurpleororangehair
and pale blue or orange skin make-up. They can sleep with their make-up in tact".
Then there are celestial catastrophes anticipated by astronomers of the Sun burning out,
 
or an extraterrestrial object smashing the earth or putting the solar system out of gear. The
chances of the Sun exploding "once during its life-time", say the astronomers, "are quite high". If
andwhentheexplosiondoesoccur,howwillbethesceneon theearthjusteightminutesafter?
Fearful beyond description?
"The sky will be filled with weird patterns of white hot fire. All organic matter, all life,
will be burnt to a cinder, the seas will boil away. As the air on the side of the earth facing the Sun
goesupwithheat,coldairwillrushinfromthenightsideatfrightfulspeedsdestroying
everything initspath. Whereit will benight,lifewill beasphyxiated. Thedeadmatter willturn
into ash when exposed to the Sun.
"Afew days later, burning gasesfromthe Sun willenvelop the deadearth which,getting
hotter and hotter, will melt, turn into gas and steal way into the dead night of space in the form of
the primordial particles from which it took the shape we know." It is not clear what the Professor
meansby"afewdayslater"—astherecanbenodayanywhereinthesolarsystemwhenthe
Sun is dead. But that is of course scientific reasoning which cannot be questioned.
The speculations of many of these scientists are of course supported by a series of
calculations and "statistical studies" which have all the glitter of scientific reasoning about them
but which are based on assumptions which have themselves to be definitely proved.
The ancient Maharshis have clearly shown that crop failures, financial slumps, wars,
earthquakesandbirthanddeathratesareallcorrelatedtosolarradiation.Inotherwords,the
usual principles of astrology can explain the present population crisis as they can explain every
other crisis and conflict which twentieth-century mankind is said to face. Apart from
contraception, economic circumstances, abortion, etc., the important factors contributing to
differential fertility, is the presence or absence of the Beeja and Kshetra factors in the horoscopes
of different persons. These again depend upon the moment of birth, that is the planetary
juxtapositions. Whilescientistsmaybejustifiedinanticipatingafearfulfuturefortheworldby
population increase, basing their conclusions on their own pet theories, we, as students of
astrology, are constrained to feel that there is no astrological basis for the fear that "human
reproduction will outrun resources".
There is also a recognizable connection between the movements of the equinox and long-
rangeterrestrialaffairssuchaspopulationtrends,historicalchanges,massmovements,etc. At
the moment, the equinox is in 7° 57' Pisces in the second quarter of Uttarabhadra ruled by Saturn
but the Navamsa being Virgo. The equinox entered the Nadi Amsa of maitri in1956.Itpasses
through mandira (1974) and varuna (1984) getting into jalaplava in 1998. This will be just about
the time of anticipated population-explosion. When it enters madira, theworldisinforalotof
carnage by wars, pestilences land plagues. The equinoxial movement in jalaplava (Navamsa of
 
Mercury ruling the nervous system, etc), produces immense stress on human beings. Stress
makes for enlarged adrenals and adrenal glands have been cited as a population safety-valve.
Thus there is absolutely no indication of the earth facingthe calamity the scientists think it does.
By A.D. 2000, when Jupiter and Saturn will again be conjoined in Aries, the world's equilibrium
will have been considerably restored by the outbreaks of wars, earthquakes, famine, etc., and the
falling down of birth-rates.
Whatever may be the forecasts of futurologists, cosmologists and prophets of doom, a
reference to Hindu astronomical literature can give us a clue based on astronomical factors as to
whentheworldortheexistingorderofthingsislikelytocometoanend.Notuntilthisperiod
comesisthereanyprospectofthecatastrophesenvisagedbymodern"scientific"futurologists
ever happening.
ThetheoryofYugashasascientificbasisandisnotmerelybaseduponfantastic
imaginativenessandarbitrarytheorizings,assomemodernsavantswantustobelieve.The
"Sankalpa",whicheveryHinduisexpectedtoknowandwhichisrecitedateveryceremony,is
the key to unfold the whole mystery that enshrouds the view of the time at which the earth
assumed its present form. The Hindu astronomers, assuming that the planets were in a line of
meanconjunctionwiththefirstpointof AriesatthebeginningofaMahayugaandthatthese
planets will occupy the same positions at the beginning of the next Mahayuga, at a place on
equator, whose longitude is 76° E. of Greenwich calculated the period of a Mahayuga at
4,320,000 years which they supposed to be the L.C.M. of the different number of days taken by
each planet to make one revolution round the zodiac. As most readers must be aware, a
MahayugaorChaturyugaismadeupofKrita,Treta,DwaparaandKaliandcontains12,000
Deva or4,320,000ordinaryyears. 71Mahayugasconstituteone Manvantra(308,448,000years)
and14 Manvantaras or Manusmake up one Kalpa or Brahmadina orBrahma'sday
(4,320,000,000years).NowaccordingtotheSankalpa,alreadysixManvantarashavepassedin
thepresentKalpaandtheseventhisnowgoingon.TherearestillsevenmoreManvatarasto
come.
In the 7th Manvantara, 27 Mahayugas have passed and we are now in the last Yuga of the
28thMahayuga.Wecan,therefore,computethenumberofyearspassedinthepresentKalpa
thus:
Dawn of the Kalpa.... 1,728,000 years
6 Manus or Manvantaras... 1,850,688,000 years
Twenty-seven Mahayugas... 116,640,000 years
In the 28th Mahayuga:
Krita... 1,728,000
 
Treta... 1,296,000
Dwapara... 864,000
Kali 5,080
3,893,080 years
1,972,949,080 years Deduct time occupied in creation 17,064,000 years
Total from the end of present creation 1,955,885,080 years
We are still in the beginning of Kaliyuga and have yet to pass 426,920 years before the
present Yuga ends.Therefore,thereisnoprospectofadelugeortheannihilationoftheearthin
ourlifetimeorinthatofevenourgreat-great-grandchildren.Hinduastronomershaveassigned
313 trillion mortal years as Brahma's age or the life-span of the universe.
There are two major Pralayas or dissolutions: Naimittika or incidental destruction of all
creation,ofallthelivesthathaveaform,butnotofthesubstance.Thesubstanceremainsin
status quo till the new dawn in that Brahmaratri. The universe is thus alternately created from
anddissolvedintoitsmaterialcauseattheendofeveryBrahmaratriandBrahmadina.The
second is Prakritika or Mahapralaya — the great Dissolution which is said to occur at the end of
thelife-periodofBrahma.InthisfinalPralaya,everythingintheuniverse,materialaswellas
non-material, is dissolved into atoms.
The creative scientist is usually more concerned with the relation of things to one another
than with mere analysis of what these thingsare. Anda real astrologer isnot different. His quest
is for the questions which still remain the most absorbing and the oldest of all: the cosmos and its
relation to mankind.
 
APPENDIX
Prof. Carl Jung's letter to Prof. B. V. Raman
Kusnacht-Zch., September 6th 1947
Dear Prof. Raman,
Ihaven't, yetreceivedtheastrological magazine, butIwillansweryourletter
nevertheless.
Since you want to know my opinion about astrology I can tell you that I've been
interestedinthisparticularactivityofthehumanmindsincemorethan30years.AsIama
psychologist, I am chiefly interested in the particular light the horoscope sheds on certain
complications in the character. In cases of difficult psychological diagnosis I usually get a
horoscope in order to have a further point of view from an entirely different angle. I must say
thatIveryoftenfoundthattheastrologicaldataelucidatedcertainpointswhichIotherwise
would have been unable to understand. From such experiences I formed the opinion that
astrologyisofparticularinteresttothepsychologist,sinceitcontainsasortofpsychological
experiencewhichwecall"projected"—thismeansthatwefindthepsychologicalfactsasit
were intheconstellations. Thisoriginallygave risetotheidea thatthesefactorsderivefrom the
stars, whereas they are merely in a relation of synchronicity with them. I admit that this is a very
curiousfactwhichthrowsapeculiarlightonthestructureofthehumanmind.WhatImissin
astrologicalliteratureischieflythestatisticalmethodbywhichcertainfundamentalfactscould
be scientifically established.
Hoping that this answer meets your request.
I remain, Yours sincerely, (Sd.) C. G. JUNG.
 
REFERENCES CONSULTED
An Introduction to the Study of Astrology by B. Suryanarain Rao
Human Knowledge, Its Scope and Limits by Bertrand Russel
Secret of the Golden Flower by Carl Jung
Epidemic Catastrophes and the Period Activity of the Sun by Tchijevsky
Contributions to Analytical Psychology by Carl Jung
A Study in History by A. J. Toynbee
Astrology's Place in the World of Science by Arnold W. Meyer
Mainsprings of Civilisation by Ellsworth Huntington
Actions of Radiations on Living Cells by W. E. Lea
The Secret of Life by Georges Lakhovsky
A Text-Book of Astrology by A. J. Pearce
Astrology in Everyday Life by Rupert Gleadow
Marxism. Materialism, Determinism and Dialectics by D. N. Das Gupta
Brahma Sutras of Vyasa (English Translation) by Sridhar Majumdar
New Background of Science by James Jeans
The Universe in the Light of Modern Physics by Plant
The Universe Around Us by James Jeans
Astrology of Personality by Dane Rudhyar
A Brief History of Astrology by Temple Hungad
Hindu Astrology by Mankari Pande
Astrology, Destiny and Cosmic Factors by V. Gore
D'Astro-Biologie by K. E. Krafft
Der Geist der Astrologic by George Mutter
Plato's Cosmology Translated by F. M. Cornford
The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science by Edwin A. Burth
Reach of the Mind by J. B. Rhine
The Psychology of Time by Mary Stuart
Yoga Vasista Brihadaranyaka Upanisbad (English Translation) by Swami Madhavananda
Ethical Relativity by E. A. Westermarek
The Invisible Influence by Alexander Canon
American Astrology — 1942, 1944 and 1948
Economic Journal — 1921
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society — 1922
 
Arthasastra of Kautilya (English Translation) by R. Shama Shastry
Brihat Jataka
Brihat Parasara Hora
Panchasiddanthika
Brihat Samhita
Muhurtha Chintamani
Agni Purana
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
Gheran Samhita
Books on Astrology by Dr. B. V. Raman
Astrology for Beginners
A Manual of Hindu Astrology
A Catechism of Astrology
Hindu Predictive Astrology
How to Judge a Horoscope Vol. I
How to Judge a Horoscope Vol. II
Three Hundred Important Combinations
Prasna Marga Vol. I
Prasna Marga Vol. II
Prasna Tantra
Notable Horoscopes
My Experiments with Astrology
Nirayana Tables of Houses
Bhavartha Ratnakara
Ashtakavarga System of Prediction
Graha and Bhava Balas
Hindu Astrology and the West
Planetary Influences on Human Affairs
Muhurta or Electional Astrology
Studies in Jaimini Astrology
Klachakra Dasa
Raman's One Hundred Ten Years Ephemeris (1891-2000)